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Hip-Hop Music and Youth Engagement
Transcript of Hip-Hop Music and Youth Engagement
Using Hip-Hop a civic engagement tool
Listen to the song
Write down how it makes you think/feel
By: Sara Singh
Rap music and the Empowerment of Today's Youth: Evidence in Everyday Music Listening, Music Therapy, and Commercial Rap Music
Raphael Travis Jr.
Child Adolescent Social Work Journal
Hip-Hop culture empowers people to use their VOICE to:
express their reality
find a meaningful identity alongside others
Assessed the content/ discourse/ narratives in rap music and then examined other hip-hop related studies within the Individual and Community Empowerment (ICE) and Empowerment-based Positive Youth Development (EMPYD) framework to draw conclusions about the impacts of the rap's narratives on increased youth engagement/empowerment.
Rap music content captures coping mechanisms, and varied representations of identity and culture.
Music engagement- What can Hip-Hop add..
Music engagement has shown to facilitate emotional regulation, where both adolescents and adults often turn to music to promote positive moods, reduce negative moods, and invoke nostalgia or solace….
For many youth hip-hop is a familiar media where they feel valued and validated and the most free to express themselves… it allows them to discharge feelings, engage in self-expression, and can provide reinforcement of feelings.
Lyrics may also capture principles of emancipation, social justice and corresponding activism; along with empowering themes that can promote individual and community development.
Rap music is rich with messages about life experiences, strategies for overcoming life obstacles and perspectives on how to prioritize these strategies.
Using the Individual and Community Empowerment Framework Travis (2013) first assessed how lyrics presented various elements of the ICE framework.
He looked for themes around:
a) individual empowerment- dimensions of esteem, resilience, and growth
b) community empowerment- dimensions of community and change
The narratives in raps can be used as tools by practitioners, parents and researchers to encourage civic engagement and Empowerment-based Positive Youth Development.
Data from a previous study, provided insight into youth perspectives on how rap music influenced; individual empowerment, community empowerment, and individual risk dimensions Travis and Bowman (2011)
The elements of esteem, resilience, growth, community found in rap music can foster the 5C+'s
Further Research and Study Limitations
Travis explains that there are benefits but also limitations to using Hip-Hop for engagement.
How/who is using it?
Risk vs empowerment?
Other factors contributing to outcomes?
Further research is needed to better understand
distinctions between the functional value of music therapy versus music in therapy
empirical evidence is needed to support outcomes and explain process
Empowerment is defined as:
"the process by which adolescents develop the consciousness and skills necessary to envision social change and understand their role in that(Wagman, 2011 in Travis).
"Empowerment is the process by which adolescents develop the consciousness, skills and power necessary to envision personal or collective well-being and understand their role within opportunities to transform social conditions to achieve that well-being"
Travis, R.T.(2013). Rap music and the empowerment of today's youth:Evidence in everyday music listening, music therapy, and commercial rap music. Child Adolescent Social Work Journal. 30, 139-167.