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George Helm Research Letter
Transcript of George Helm Research Letter
George Helm was a gifted musician and determined activist, who fought tirelessly to stop the bombing on Kaho'olawe.
George Helm used Hawaiian music as a powerful vehicle of resistance to connect to people and bring his message to a wider audience.
Connection: What song would Caliban sing? What would it be about? Who would he recruit as a singer? Who would he sing to to build awareness? Stategy #3: Letter to President Carter Personal Statement Background Strategy #4:
Sueing the American Government Strategy #2: Music Strategy #5: Speaking to young people George Helm speaking to Kamehameha students.
Why might students be an important audience George Helm wanted to reach?
What type of language does he use to speak with this audience? Why? Conflicting Viewpoints: What is the significance of George Helm singing a song composed by Queen Lili'uokalani while she was imprisoned in Iolani Palace?
Check out the Lyrics to "Ku'u Pua i Paoakalani":
http://www.huapala.org/Pa/Paoakalani.html George Helm and the PKO sued the American government for breaking its own environmental laws.
Connection: What is the hypocrisy/irony of Prospero usurping the island from Caliban? Effects: On March 18, 1981, the entire island of Kahoolawe was added to the National Register of Historic Places. Over 544 recorded archaeological or historic sites were documented
In 1990, President George H.W. Bush ordered an end to live-fire training, and on May 9, 1994, the U.S. Navy formally transferred Kaho’olawe to the State of Hawaii.
In 1993, the Hawaii State Legislature created the Kahoolawe Island Reserve Commission (KIRC) to “manage the Reserve while it is held in trust for a future Native Hawaiian Sovereignty entity” (Wikipedia.com).
Work on the island has focused on the “clearance or removal of unexploded ordinance” and environmental restoration of the island, to provide “meaningful safe use of the island for appropriate cultural, historical, archaeological, and educational purposes.” (Kahoolawe.org)
Clean up costs have been estimated to be over $280 million (globalsecurity.org) Works Cited: "Hawaiian Soul by The Peter Moon Band - YouTube." YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. Web. 19 Feb. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AS9JY1PxeQY>.
"Kaho`olawe." GlobalSecurity.org - Reliable Security Information. Web. 19 Feb. 2012. <http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/facility/kahoolawe.htm>.
"Kahoolawe." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 19 Feb. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kahoolawe>.
Kahoolawe Aloha Aina: George Helm. Prod. Ken Yasso. Na Maka O Ka 'Aina, 1977. DVD.
Kahoolawe Information Portal. Web. 19 Feb. 2012. <http://www.kahoolawe.info/>.
"Kahoolawe Reborn Part 1 - YouTube." YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. Web. 19 Feb. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Ccqh9-XMRU>.
"Kahoolawe: The First Landing." I L I N D . N E T — Ian Lind • Online Daily from Kaaawa, Hawaii. Web. 19 Feb. 2012. <http://ilind.net/gallery_old/kahoolawe1976/index.htm>.
Morales, Rodney. HoiHoi Hou, a Tribute to George Helm & Kimo Mitchell. Honolulu, HI: Bamboo Ridge, 1984. Print.
"Operation Sailorhat 1965 - YouTube." YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. 13 Feb. 2008. Web. 19 Feb. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZVM9_attO1Q>.
Protect Kaho`olawe `Ohana — Kaho`olawe Island. Web. 19 Feb. 2012. <http://www.kahoolawe.org/>. George's Diary George Helm celebrates the beauty of his home on Molokai Key Figure: George Helm Operation Sailor Hat "Kalama'ula" On Dec. 8, 1941, the day after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Kaho'olawe was occupied by the U.S. Navy and used as a target for bombing practice. Bombing and military training would continue through World War II, the Korean War, and Vietnam, and on into the 90s. In 1965, the U.S. Navy conducted "Operation Sailor Hat," detonating three 500-ton TNT charges to simulate the effects of a nuclear explosion on naval ships (kahoolawe.org). The U.S. Navy and Native Hawaiians had very different views regarding the value and significance of the island. "Ku'u Pua i Paoakalani" Key Quote: Strategy #1: Occupying the Island Breaking Point On March 9, 1977, George Helm and Kimo Mitchell were lost at sea during an attempt to occupy Kaho'olawe. Listen to Jon Osorio's song, "Hawaiian Soul," composed to honor George Helm and Kimo Mitchell. "Call me a radical for I refuse to remain idle. I will not have the foreigner prostitute the soul of my being, and I will not make a whore out of my soul (my culture)." -George Helm George Helm appealed directly to President Carter, as well as speaking directly to a joint session of the Hawaii State Legislature.
What type of language does he use to speak to these audiences? Why?
Connection: Which characters of power might Caliban write to? Alonso? Gonzalo? Miranda? Why? On January 4, 1976, the first protest occupation of Kaho'olawe took place by the "Kaho'olawe 9." There were 12 protest occupations in total (hawaiianencyclopedia.com).