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Transcript of John Watson
- Grew up in South Carolina
- Went to University of Chicago at age 16, graduated with a Ph.D. in psychology in 1903 What Watson was known for? How Behaviorism Helps us Today? • 1913 he was the author of an article-"Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It” • 1914 -he published a book 'Behavior: An Introduction to Comparative Psychology'
• 1915- he became the President of the Animal Psychological Association
• 1916 -he extended behaviorism to the study of mental illness
• 1919 -book: "Psychology from the Standpoint of a Behaviorist"
• 1920- he released his most famous experiment 'Little Albert' - Founder 'Behaviorism'
- Experiments-Little Albert
- Author- Articles and Books Significance of his Work Watson's Theory Compared to Others - Through his work, he found that our behaviour is affected by our surroundings
- Environment is more powerful than genetics
- Things we learn, can affect someones' decisions or reactions
- Everybody is a product of his or her environment
- He proved that through "Little Albert" Little Albert Pavlov Watson B.F Skinner • Watson was highly influenced by Ivan Pavlov
• Watson created and popularized the term behaviorism
• He prepared a new area for new psychologist and educators
• He paved the way for B.F. Skinner - Founder of behaviorism 1920’s - 1960’s - Improves our understanding of the mind
- Although it is no longer used in psychology, the basic principle of behaviorism is still around today
- E.g. therapeutic techniques, such as behavioral analysis and behavioral modifications
-Behaviorism has helped us move forward and been further understood as operate conditioning Where is Little Albert Now? - Albert's really name is Douglas Merritte
- Died at the age of 6 from hydrocephalus
- Hydrocephalus is a build up of excess fluid in your brain
- Watson knew about this and it was unethical what he did to Douglas By Gavin Hull