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Robert Koch

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Kristen Rinehart

on 22 July 2014

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Transcript of Robert Koch

Robert Koch

Early life/ career
He was born on December 11, 1834 in Clausthal, Germany .
In 1862, Koch attended the University of Gottingen in Germany, where he studied medicines.
He became a physician in a variety of towns.

Major Achievements in his career
The First Disease Koch studied was:
Anthrax
Anthrax is a disease that comes from a bacteria called
Bacillus anthracis.
This bacteria was mostly seen among farm animals.
Koch couldn't do much research because of a lack of equipment. However, he had a 4-roomed house that he used as his laboratory.
He provided his own equipment, like the microscope that his wife gave to him as a gift.
This is where he set out to prove that Bacillus was the cause of the disease, despite what other scientist said about Anthrax.
Later in Koch's Life
The results of Robert Koch's research for Anthrax made him famous for that disease. Ferdinand Cohn, Professor of Botany at the University of Breslau, praised his findings and this was a major event.
Eventually, after Koch became know for his work in microbiology, in 1880 the Imperial Health Bureau in Berlin, provided him with a better laboratory that he could work. Koch worked with many famous scientist.
In 1881 he and a team of scientists began to work on one of the worst disease in the 19th century, Tuberculosis
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1905

Koch developed guidelines to prove that a disease is caused by a specific organism. These four basic criteria, known as:
Koch’s postulates
,
are:
1.A specific microorganism is always associated with a given disease.
2.The microorganism can be isolated from the diseased animal and grown in pure culture in the laboratory.
3.The cultured microbe will cause disease when transferred to a healthy animal.
4.The same type of microorganism can be isolated from the newly infected animal.

Koch's Postulates:
Medical Professional, Biologist, Scientist (1843–1910)
Major Achievements
Awarded the:
Koch inoculated mice that was proven to be killed by Bacillus. Mice inoculated from the same blood as healthy animals did not suffer from the disease.
How Koch Proved his thoughts on Anthrax:
Robert Koch died on May 27, 1910, in Baden-Baden
Koch is well know for devising a method of proving which germ caused an infection.
Facts:
Koch found the two germs of the most feared diseases – Anthrax and Tuberculosis or TB.
Koch developed research techniques that others could use throughout the world.
Other things to remember about Koch:


By 1900, 21 disease causing germs had been identified. It was Koch who had developed the right methods to identify them.
Quote:
"As soon as the right method was found, discoveries came as easily as ripe apples from a tree." (Koch)

Tuberculosis
Koch studied Tuberculosis and he searched for the germ.
In 1882 his team discover the TB germ
His announcement caused great excitement.
His discovery confirmed that bad air did not cause diseases.
His research techniques inspired many others throughout the world.
Full transcript