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Lexicology as a branch of linguistics

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Barbara Hofhansova

on 30 November 2013

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Transcript of Lexicology as a branch of linguistics

Lexicology
Barbara Hofhansová
The term Lexicology
Lexicology is a branch of linguistics, the science of language. The term Lexicology is composed of two Greek morphemes:
lexis
meaning "word, phrase" (hence lexicos "having to do with words") and
logos
which denotes "learning, a department of knowledge".
Lexicolgy as a branch of linguistics
Lexicology has its own aims and methods of scientific research, its basic task being a study and systematic description of vocabulary in respect to its origin, development and current use.

General Lexicology
Part of General Linguistics; it is concerned with the study of vocabulary irrespective of the specific features of any particular language.
Special Lexicology
Is the Lexicology of a particular language (e.g. English, Russian, etc.), i.e. the study and description of its vocabulary and vocabulary units, primarily words as the main units of language (every Special Lexicology is based on the principles worked out and laid down by General Lexicology).
Lexicology and Stylisics
There is a close relationship between Lexicology and Stylistics or, to be more exact,
Linguo - Stylistics
(Linguistic Stylistics). Linguo-Stylistics is concerned with the study of the nature, functions and structure of stylistic devices, on the one hand, and with the investigation of each style of language, on the other, i.e. with its aim, its structure, its characteristic features and the effect it produces as well as its interrelation with the other styles of language.
The term Lexicology
The semantic or morphological study of the linguistic stock of a language,
particularly as to content, meaning or use of the individual forms; the study of the words in a language, their meaning and use, their derivation and history.

Modern English Lexicology
Aims at giving a systematic description of the word-stock of Modern English. Words, their component parts — morphemes — and various types of word-groups, are subjected to
structural and semantic analysis primarily from the synchronic angle.
Modern English Lexicology
In other words, Modern English Lexicology investigates the problems of word-structure and word-formation in Modern English, the semantic structure of English worlds, the main principles underlying the classification of vocabulary units into various groupings.
Modern English Lexicology
As a subject of study forms part of the
Theoretical Course of Modern English and as such is inseparable from its
other component parts, i.e. Grammar, Phonetics, Stylistics, on the one
hand, and the Course of History of the English Language, on the other
Full transcript