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Soldier Loyalists

History project
by

Lan Wang

on 7 April 2011

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Transcript of Soldier Loyalists

Soldier Loyalists By: Katelyn Holliday, Lan Wang,
Matthew Broser (Skippy), Arron Walton,
Courtney Homes & Samantha Quick. Who were these Loyalists? Regiments of British soldiers who fought throughout North America in the American Revolution, and later settled in Ontario, Canada. These soldiers were made up of two groups; the Regular army and the Provincials. Total number Over 8,000 British soldiers in total. These Loyalists either came from England/Europe, or from Canada where people settled. If you were from Europe, you were classified as a "Regular" If you were from Canada, you would be a "Provincial." These were the two groups the Loyalists would fight in. Some of the Soldier Loyalists and their families lived in New York where their base was. When British forces were getting weak, they had an evacuation in New York and all the families had to immigrate to Canada, or go back home to Europe. Why were some of these people refugees? Before some of the families left the Thirteen Colonies, they had some problems there, such as rebels taking troops as prisoners, and being unable to control the American Colonists. The British were being defeated. Although the government did help out people settle in Canada by supplying food, land, tools, clothing, etc., people still had a hard time after they left the Thirteen Colonies. For example; Canada had a hungry year from 1788-1789. Before leaving the 13 Colonies... After leaving the 13 Colonies... Where were these Loyalists going? Many soldiers who originally came from Europe and England were
headed for New York to set up camp. Once the British overtook
the rebels, some returned to Europe while others settled in Ontario. Where were they coming from? Who helped them and how? The Loyalist soldiers were helped by the British Government. Britain invested in tools, clothing and food for these troops (who were the head of their families.) The Government also alotted farming land to them. What do these Loyalists have in common with all refugees? These troops had attributes similar to refugees. They were hungry, (mostly during the "Hungry Year") cold, ill,
scared, lonely, poor, etc.
They fled their home country because of well-founded fears of persecution. What do these Loyalists have in common with all refugees? Two primary/secondary sources: Two Primary Sources: 1.) Tory writing from Revolutionarye Era, New York 1973
2.) "Martha Shipwreck" -New York Historical Society no.2377

Two Secondary Sources:
1.) "A Loyalist Soldier's Family"
2.) "The Loyalist Experience in Nova Scotia"
1783-1791 When did these events occur? In 1783 Loyalists arrived from Europe. In 1784
there was an evacuation causing people to be
refugees. Thank you! This is how we perceived the "Evacuation of New York"
as a refugee: June, 1784,
Dear, Aunt Marie,

We heard news of the War of Independence or the Revolutionary War,
if you may. British forces are growing weak; troops are unable to control the
Rebels. I fear for my father's safety. With him gone, I'm the new man of the
house. I must look after my mother and sisters as we evacuate New York.
We hope to escape this place and our fears. We are left with nothing but
the clothes on our backs. With the help of the British Government, we may survive. But for now... we'll have to wait and see.

Sincerely,
William

P.S All the best wishes to you on your journey.
Full transcript