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The Bush Viper

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by

Felipe Joglar-Viera

on 9 February 2014

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Transcript of The Bush Viper

Human Impact
Some species of bush vipers are being threatened by deforestation. Others have been occasionally caught in fishing nets and eaten by humans. Possible solutions would be to preserve the habitats of these animals and their related species, to release them when caught in fishing nets, and to punish those who poach them.
Relationship
Bush vipers interact with humans through a relationship called
commensalism
, where one organism is benefited (human) while the other is unharmed (bush viper). They are farmed for their venom in a process known as milking to produce anti venom for medical and biological uses.
Location and Climate
Bush vipers are located in the tropical forests and vegetated areas of Cameroon, Africa, where about 60 to 400 inches of rain fall every year. Like in most tropical forests, the temperature stays around 80 F during the rainy and dry seasons.
Role in the Carbon Cycle
Bush vipers are like humans because they create cellular energy through respiration, which means that they breath in oxygen and release carbon dioxide.
Role in the Food Chain
Bush vipers are nocturnal carnivores that mainly eat small animals like shrews or rodents though sometimes feed on birds and other reptiles. They have few predators, which are other snakes including their same species. However, humans living close to their habitat sometimes capture them for food.
Behavioral Adaptations
Bush vipers rely on their vision, scent, and tactile senses to detect and capture prey since they lack the heat-sensing organs that other snakes have. Also, their green scales help them camouflage with their surroundings to seem unnoticed to predators. Finally, bush vipers raise their bodies in a striking position to ward off enemies and show male dominance for mating purposes.
Bush Viper
Table of Contents
Role in the Food Chain
Location and Climate
Behavioral Adaptations
Role in the Carbon Cycle
Human Impact
Relationship
Role in the Ecosystem
Role in the Ecosystem
Bush vipers can help control agricultural pest species throughout their ecosystem by eating small animals that may spread diseases. The parasites in these animals are hazardous to crops and humans.
Full transcript