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Types of English Neologisms in the 21st century

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Natalia Rotari

on 12 June 2016

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Transcript of Types of English Neologisms in the 21st century

Types of English Neologisms in the 21st century
Author:

Natalia Rotari, EG-44Z

The aims and goals:
Medicine:
“Pogonophobia” n.

is
the extreme dislike of beards, (2014);
“Cosmeceutical” n.

is “a pharmaceutical product with beneficial effects on the skin”, (2011);

Fashion:

"cool hunter” n.

is one who predicts new styles and trends, (2009);

“Selfie” n.

is “a photograph that one has taken of oneself”, (2014);





Chapter I


Specific Peculiarities of Neologisms
Chapter I
Examples:


“bro hug”
n. means “friendly embrace between two men”, (2014);

“time-poor”
adj means “spending much of one’s time working “, (2014);

“Bromance”
n. means” a close but non-sexual relationship between two men”, (2011);

“Woot”
excl. is used to express elation, enthusiasm, or triumph, especially in electronic communication”, 2011;


















Technological neologisms:
“phablet” n.
means a “mobile smartphone with ambitions to be a tablet computer” (2010);

“generation text” n.
means “the generation of young people who are growing up in the age of text messaging”, (2014);
Political neologisms:

“Chindia“ n.
denotes “China and India considered together in economic and strategic terms”, (2004);
“birther”n.
means “a person who doubts the legitimacy of Barack Obama’s presidency because of a conspiracy theory that Obama is not a natural-born US citizen.”, (2011);


Classification of neologisms may depend on:
Stylistic function:

Formal:
basslet-
a small, coloured fish related to the sea basses

Informal/ Slang:
“Bank of Mum and Dad”
phr. means a person’s parents regarded as source of financial assistance, (2014);

Newness:

absolutely new
:
grams-

grandfather

only form is new
:

fish
– a torpedo

only meaning is new:

bread
-
money
Presence into vocabulary:

unstable:
“lifestylist”
n. is “a person who educates someone along his journey into a more aesthetically pleasing lifestyle”,(March 2016);

diffused:
"
bro hug"
- friendly embrace between two men

stable:

“fast follower” n.
is “a company that quickly imitates the innovations of its competitors”




Conversion:

To skype
(2013)- to have a spoken conversation with someone over the internet using the skype
The best , n
. ( 2014) – that which is the most excellent
Shortening:

FLOTUS (2015) first lady of the United States,
Ship (2015) – relationship
Brexit (2012). – a term for the potential departure of the UK from the EU.
Borrowing:
”vuvuzela”
means “long horn blown by fans at soccer matches in South Africa”, (2011);
“baon”
means “money, food, or other provisions taken to school, work, or on a journey”, ( 2015)



Scientific adviser:

Valentina Șmatov , PhD

-to examine the main sources of appearing neologisms
-to identify and describe the most common ways of creating English neologisms in the 21st century
-to check the pupils’ understanding of new words
-to view the classification of neologism from the point of view of their newness and area of usage
Types of English Neologisms in the
21st century
Chapter I
Specific Peculiarities of Neologisms

Chapter II
Ways and Means of Enriching English Vocabulary in the 21st century

Chapter III
Understanding of Neologisms
Internet communication
:
“itwitterate”
n. denotes the people, who do not know how to use Twitter, (2012);
“Facebookable”

adj. means “something that is considered appropriate enough to be viewed publicly on facebook amongst your friends, family”, (2012);
Food neologisms:

“wine o’clock” n.

means a time of day for starting to drink wine, (2015);

“Frankenfood” n.

is "genetically modified food”, (2012);



Chapter II
Ways and Means of Enriching English Vocabulary in the 21st century
Affixation:
Superculture
(2012)- high culture
Boysy
(2008)-is characteristic for boys or young men

Compounding:
Workaround
(2014)is a method for overcoming a problem
Last call
(2014) -an expression used to inform customers that closing time is approaching



References:











Chapter III
Understanding of Neologisms

-pedagogical expeiment
-a set of exercises
-analyses of school textbooks

The End
Full transcript