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Transcript of Written Language
~The first printing press was created by Johannes Gutenberg in 1448 AD
~This made books faster to create and reproduce
~Because they were easier to reproduce, the became less expensive and much more accessible
~In 1452 AD, Gutenberg began his bible project
-200-2 volume sets were created and sold
- roughly 50 copies still exist
~Began at roughly 2000 BC
~The language started with approximately 10-60 characters
-Written on bone and tortoise shell
~By 1450 BC there were over 2,500 characters
-Many of these can still be read today
~Around 100 AD they began to print their characters on paper they made from rags
-Modern day papermaking is based on this
Hieroglyphs and Papyrus
~The oldest written language known, started in Sumer, a city in Mesopotamia, by †he Sumerians
~Believed to be from around 3200 bc
~The original works were written on block of wet clay and then baked in the hot sun
~ They wrote with the tip of very sharp reed
~Their written language began as a series of images and over two thousand years, the pictures became more complex
~ Began in 3000 bc
~More directly pictorial than Mesopitamian cuneiform
~Written on papyrus (the pith of the papyrus plant)
~ Used a fine point reed pen on the papyrus to write
~In 700 bc, business pressures cause the heiratics to be shortened
-This has made it harder for us now to read their documents
-The discovery of the Rosetta Stone is the only reason that we are able to read the writting
*The Rosetta Stone was
discovered in 1799
Why is written language important?
~Written language for record keeping
- Kept track of farming and hunting schedules
~Used for communication over long distances
-This only happened if the language was spread through cultural diffusion
~Aid for the hearing impaired
~Gets rid of any error when the story or information is passed on from one person to another
~Written language is one the most important reasons as to why we know about what happened in the past
-We have a harder time figuring out what times were like before information began to get written down
~Could you be a scribe in Mesopotamia?~
Every one is going to get a ball of clay and we are going to practice cuneiform!!! You have to do every image in one row to get
If I can ID the word (there are 7) then you will get a bag of
Ager, Simon. "Differences between writing and speech." Omniglot. N.p., n.d. Web.
19 May 2014. <http://www.omniglot.com/writing/writingvspeech.htm>.
View live Web page "Chinese Writing." Encyclopedia Britannica. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2014.
View live Web page Gascoigne, Bamber. “History of Writing” HistoryWorld. From 2001, ongoing.
View live Web page "The Printing Press." History Guide. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2014.
View live Web page "The Uses of Writing." MWENDA. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2014.
DID WE GET IT RIGHT??
Written language creates standardization and can be used for record keeping and it began in Mesopotamia!
If I were to writen down the same message pen and have you all pass it around the room the message would not change.