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Written Language

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by

Madison Smith

on 20 May 2014

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Transcript of Written Language

http://mesopotamia.mrdonn.org/geography.html
Mesopotamian
Cuneiform
~The first printing press was created by Johannes Gutenberg in 1448 AD
~This made books faster to create and reproduce
~Because they were easier to reproduce, the became less expensive and much more accessible
~Promoted learning
~In 1452 AD, Gutenberg began his bible project
-200-2 volume sets were created and sold
- roughly 50 copies still exist

Chinese Characters
~Began at roughly 2000 BC
~The language started with approximately 10-60 characters
-Written on bone and tortoise shell
~By 1450 BC there were over 2,500 characters
-Many of these can still be read today
~Around 100 AD they began to print their characters on paper they made from rags
-Modern day papermaking is based on this



Egyptian
Hieroglyphs and Papyrus
Madison Smith
Written Language
~The oldest written language known, started in Sumer, a city in Mesopotamia, by †he Sumerians
~Believed to be from around 3200 bc
~The original works were written on block of wet clay and then baked in the hot sun
~ They wrote with the tip of very sharp reed
~Their written language began as a series of images and over two thousand years, the pictures became more complex
http://www.ancientscripts.com/sumerian.html
http://www.forumtraiani.com/what-is-papyrus-cyperus-egypt/
http://www.perankhgroup.com/wisdom_and_knowledge.htm
~ Began in 3000 bc
~More directly pictorial than Mesopitamian cuneiform
~Written on papyrus (the pith of the papyrus plant)
~ Used a fine point reed pen on the papyrus to write
~In 700 bc, business pressures cause the heiratics to be shortened
-This has made it harder for us now to read their documents
-The discovery of the Rosetta Stone is the only reason that we are able to read the writting
*The Rosetta Stone was
discovered in 1799
http://www.experience-ancient-egypt.com/ancient-egypt-map.html
Why is written language important?
~Written language for record keeping
- Kept track of farming and hunting schedules
~Used for communication over long distances
-This only happened if the language was spread through cultural diffusion
~Aid for the hearing impaired
~Gets rid of any error when the story or information is passed on from one person to another
-Creates standardization
~Written language is one the most important reasons as to why we know about what happened in the past
-We have a harder time figuring out what times were like before information began to get written down

Renaissance
Printing Press
http://ua-letterpress.blogspot.com/2009/07/look-at-being-of-printed-news.html
http://www.learnchineseez.com/characters/learn-to-write-chinese/
~Could you be a scribe in Mesopotamia?~
Every one is going to get a ball of clay and we are going to practice cuneiform!!! You have to do every image in one row to get
CANDY
!

If I can ID the word (there are 7) then you will get a bag of
CANDY
!


Bibliography
Web Site
Ager, Simon. "Differences between writing and speech." Omniglot. N.p., n.d. Web.
19 May 2014. <http://www.omniglot.com/writing/writingvspeech.htm>.

Web Site
View live Web page "Chinese Writing." Encyclopedia Britannica. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2014.
<http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/691537/Chinese-writing>.

Web Site
View live Web page Gascoigne, Bamber. “History of Writing” HistoryWorld. From 2001, ongoing.
<http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/
PlainTextHistories.asp?groupid=3517&HistoryID=ab33&gtrack=pthc>

Web Site
View live Web page "The Printing Press." History Guide. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2014.
<http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/press.html>.

Web Site
View live Web page "The Uses of Writing." MWENDA. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2014.
<http://www.mwenda.com/writing.htm>.


The End
Telephone
DID WE GET IT RIGHT??

Written language creates standardization and can be used for record keeping and it began in Mesopotamia!

If I were to writen down the same message pen and have you all pass it around the room the message would not change.
Full transcript