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Art History at a Glance (Part 2)
Transcript of Art History at a Glance (Part 2)
Realism, & Photography Dramatic, Theatrical, Elaborate Ornamentation Baroque Escessive decoration, Ornament, Scrollwork, "artificiality" Rococo Aligned with Realism, debate over a useful tool or a replacement of skilled painters Photography Started in France, only what people could see was "real", people of the time - not fictional Realism Imagination over reason, emotion/feeling, exaggerated, dynamic, opposite of Neoclassicism Romanticism Reaction to Baroque and Rococo, back to ancient Greek & Roman art, drawing over color, return to the old Neoclassicism BIG NAMES: Caravaggio, Rubens, Rembrandt Caravaggio, Calling of Saint Matthew Peter Paul Rubens, Elevation of the Cross Rembrandt van Rijn,
Self-Portrait (1659) BIG NAMES: Watteau, Chardin, Fragonard Jean-Antoine Watteau, Pilgramage to Cythera (1717) Jean-Honore Fragonard The Swing (1766) Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
Saying Grace(1740) BIG NAMES: David (DA-veed) Jacques-Louis David, Oath of the Horatii (1784) Jaques-Louis David, Death of Socrates (1787) Jaques-Louis David, Death of Marat (1793) BIG NAMES: Ingres (transitional), Goya, Gericault, Delacroix,
In England: Constable, Turner Ingres, Grande Odalisque (1814) Fracisco Goya, Third of May (1808) John Constable, The Haywain (1821) Eugene Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People (1830) Theodore Gericault, Raft of the Medusa (1819) Joseph Mallord William Turner The Slave Ship (1840) BIG NAMES: Courbet, Millet, Manet, Homer Jean-Franzois Millet, The Gleaners (1857) Edouard Manet, Olympia (1863) Winslow Homer, Veteran in a New Field (1865) Gustave Courbet, The Stone Breakers (1849) Nadar, Eugene Delacroix (1855) BIG NAMES: Daguerre,
Talbot, Nadar, O'Sullivan Daguerre, Still Life in Studio (1837) A turn toward Modern Art due to industrialization and urbanization Impressionism,
Post-Impressionism & Symbolism
1870-1900 Rejected from French Salon scene, effects of light & atmosphere, divisionism, en plein air Impressionism Post-Impressionism See through subject to significance beyond superficial, exotic, mysterious, visionary, dreamlike, fantastic Symbolism Claude Monet, Impression: Sunrise (1872) Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Le Moulin de la Galette (1876) Edgar Degas, The Rehearsal (1874) Mary Cassatt, the Bath (1892) Claude Monet, Bridge Over a Pond of Lilies (1889) BIG NAMES: Monet, Renoir, Degas, Cassat, Rodin Interest in expressive qualities and examining properties of art, away from how eye sees to what the mind understands Geores Seurat, A Sunday on La Grande Jatte (1886) Paul Cezanne, Mont Sainte-Victoire (1904) Vincent van Gogh, Starry Night (1889) Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, At the Moulin Rouge (1895) Vincent van Gogh, Bedroom in Arles (1888) Paul Gauguin, Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are we Going? (1897) BIG NAMES: Toulouse-Lautrec, Seurat, Van Gogh, Gauguin, Cezanne Henri Rousseau, Sleeping Gypsy (1897) Edvard Munch, The Scream (1893) Gustav Klimt, The Kiss (1908) BIG NAMES: Rousseau, Munch, Klimt A search for new definitions of and uses for art in an ever-changing world. Rejecting the classical, academic, and traditional and exploring formal qualities instead. Modernism
1900-1945 Further with color and emotions, "wild beasts", toward abstraction Fauvism Dada European Avant-Garde art was shown in the US, attempt modernist ideas over seas Art in America Explore the inner psyche, the realm of fantasy, the unconscious, and dreams Surrealism More expressive, more abstract, distorted form, jagged edges and lines Expressionism Futurism Analytic and Synthetic Cubism, dove fully into abstraction Cubism Henri Matisse, Woman with the Hat (1905) Henri Matisse, Red Room (1909) 1905-1908 1910-1913 German Vassily Kandinsky, Improvisation 28 (1912) Kathe Kollwitz, Woman with Dead Child (1903) Franz Marc, Fate of the Animals (1913) 1907-1937 Pablo Picasso, Three Musicians (1921) Georges Braque, The Portuguese (1911) Wash away the past, technology, advocates of revolution and the war Pablo Picasso, Guernica (1937) Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907) Analytic Synthetic 1909-1914 Umberto Boccioni, Unique Forms of Continuity in Space (1913) Giacomo Balla, Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash (1912) 1916-1925 A mindset and attitude, irrational and nonsensical (like the war), humorous, whimsical Jean Arp, Collage Arranged to the Laws of Chance (1917) Marcel Duchamp, Fountain (1917) 1900-1945 1914-1930 Salvador Dali, Persistence of Memory (1931) Rene Magritte, La Corde Sensible Meret Oppenheim, Object (1936) Giorgio de Chirico, the Song of Love (1914) Joan Miro, Painting (1933) Alexander Calder, Lobster Trap and Fish Tail (1939) Dorothea Lange, Migrant Mother, Nipomo Valley (1935) Edward Hopper, Nighthawks (1942) Grant Wood, American Gothic (1930) Georgia O'Keeffe, Black Iris III (1926) Pressing post war social and political issues while continually experimenting with formal art qualities, expression, and abstraction. 1945-1980
Modern/Postmodernism New York becomes center of art world, expressive energy of application, color's emotional resonance Expressionism Investigating the social dynamics of power and privilege in relation to gender Feminist Art Site-Specific Art Creating depth through perspective, optical illusion Op Art More accessible to the public, use of photos as a resource Superrealism Embraced Popular Culture to make accessible art, paid homage to America's mass media, production, and advertising Pop Art Performance Art 1946-1960 Abstract Willem de Kooning, Woman I (1952) Mark Rothko, No 14 (1960) Jackson Pollock, Number 1 (1950) Frank Stella, Mas o Menos (1964) Arshile Gorky, Garden in Sochi (1943) 1960's Bridget Riley, Fission (1963) Bridget Riley, Descending (1965) 1950-1967 Claes Oldenburg, Lipstick on Caterpillar Tracks (1969) Jasper Johns, Three Flags (1958) Andy Warhol, Marilyn Monroe (1962) Roy Lichtenstein, Whaam (1963) 1967-1978 Audrey Flack, Marilyn (1977) Duane Hanson, Supermarket Shopper (1970) Chuck Close, Self Portrait (1968) 1970's Cindy Sherman, Untitled Film Still #35 (1979) Judy Chicao, The Dinner Party (1979) 1960-1970's Use of natural materials, land itself, encouraged viewer interaction Environmental Robert Smithson, Spiral Jetty (1970) Conceptual Art Yves Klein, Anthropometries Of The Blue Period (1960) Joseph Kosuth, One and Three Chairs (1965) Contemporary 1980-Today Investigates the dynamics of power and privilege focusing on issues of gender, sexuality, race, ethnicity, national identity Social Art Political Art Architecture & Site Specific Jean-Michel Basquiat, Horn Players (1983) Chris Ofili, The Holy Virgin Mary (1996) Willie Bester, Homage to Steve Biko (1992) Shirin Neshat, Allegiance and Wakefulness (1994) Maya Lin, Vietnam Veterans Memorial (1983) Christo and Jeanne-Claude, Surrounded Islands (1983) Miami Florida Barbara Krueger, We Don't Need Another Hero (1985) Renzo Piano, Tjibaou Cultural Center (1998) New Caledonia Green Architecture Frank Gehry, Guggenhwim Bilbao Museo (1997) Christo and Jeanne-Claude, Over the River (TBD) Colorado Baroque,
Rococo, & Neoclassicism 1800-1870