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TOK Presentation - Death Penalty
Transcript of TOK Presentation - Death Penalty
Real life Situation
In the notorious gang rape in Delhi (India), the adult offenders were given the death penalty for their crimes.
To what extent can the death penalty be justified as a fair sentence for a crime?
This is The lawful infliction of death as a punishment. Can be done through several methods such as lethal injection or hanging.
Islam supports the idea of the death penalty ".... Take not life which God has made sacred except by way of justice an law" [6:151]
The death penalty is viewed as positive in Christianity.
"Whoever sheds man’s blood,
his blood will be shed by man" Genesis 9:6.
Judaism doesn't support the idea of the death penalty
"There is only one lawgiver and judge, he who is able to save or destroy. But who are you to judge your neighbor?"
This implies that anyone who kills
another human deserves to die
This implies that the life can only
be taken if it is on the basis of law
or to protect the innocent
This suggests humans do not have the right to take away another human's life.
Application to ways of knowing
The public may feel that a certain criminal deserves to be executed due to the media coverage on a particular event.
The public forms opinions based on what media is projecting
However, how do we trust what media is projecting?
The media may have accused the wrong person
The word "Execution" is very strong and makes one think of medieval times which may persuade someone to go against the death penalty.
"Capital Punishment" suggests very severe punishment for a crime and puts forth the questions, how do we know who deserves to be sentenced the death penalty? How do we differentiate between what crimes deserve the death penalty and which crimes don't?
Is capital punishment an effective deterrent of crime?
Some studies have shown that in places where the death penalty has been introduced, crime rates have reduced
Therefore, the death penalty does help deter crime
However, there have been cases where there has been no correlation between the death penalty and crime rates proving can also be innefective
How do we differentiate between justice and revenge? Anger may get in the way of the decisions made and whether or not the culprit deserves the death penalty or not.
For the families of the victims, they may only receive closure when they know that the culprit has received the death penalty
I believe the death penalty can be justified for crimes such as mass murder. The death penalty is also supported by certain religions, such as Islam and Christianity. However, it is important that the death penalty is only sentenced on the basis of law and justice and not for revenge