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1641 – “The Body of Liberties” legal code passed by the Mass

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Joe Smith

on 15 October 2015

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Transcript of 1641 – “The Body of Liberties” legal code passed by the Mass

Animal Welfare Timeline
1641 – “The Body of Liberties” legal code passed by the Massachusetts Bay Colony
The Body of Liberties is a document originally published in 1641 containing 100 liberties intended for use as guidance for the General Court of the time. This document is considered by many as the precursor to the General Laws of Massachusetts and the Massachusetts Constitution. It incorporates rights that were later judged to be ahead of their time, with some of these rights eventually appearing in the Bill of Rights. Scholars do not agree as to whether these liberties were ever adopted, adopted provisionally or approved of by the General Court (they would then have been "codified" and become law).
1828 – First anti-cruelty law passed by New York legislature
Article explains how the laws which deal with protection of animals from inappropriate human acts developed during the 1800's. The key focus is on Henry Bergh's efforts in the adoption of the 1867 New York Act.
1866 – American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) was formed
Fortified by the success of his speech and the number of dignitaries to sign his "Declaration of the Rights of Animals," Bergh brought a charter for a proposed society to protect animals to the New York State Legislature. With his flair for drama he convinced politicians and committees of his purpose, and the charter incorporating the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was passed on April 10, 1866. Nine days later, an anti-cruelty law was passed, and the ASPCA granted the right to enforce it.
1867 – Henry Bergh drafted “An Act for More Effectual Prevention of Cruelty to
Animals
1906 – The Animal Transportation Act was passed
Protects animals traveling lond distances by rail.
1958 – The Humane Slaughter Act was passed
1964 – Ruth Harrison wrote “Animal Machines: The New Factory Farming Industry”
1966 – Laboratory Animal Welfare Act (AWA) passed
1970 – AWA was amended
1970 – The Horse Protection Act passed
early 1970’s – modern animal rights movement began
1972 – Marine Mammal Protection Act was passed
1973 – Endangered Species Act”was passed
1975 – Peter Singer writes “Animal Liberation”
1976 – Horse Protection Act was amended
1985 – Improved Standards for Laboratory Animals Act was passed
1986 – Animal Liberation Front (ALF) destroys labs at Oregon State University
1989 – The Farm Animal and Research Facilities Protection Act was introduced
1990 – Food, Agriculture, Conservation and Trade Act was passed
1990 – “March for the Animals” in Washington D.C.
1992 – The Animal Enterprise Protection Act was passed
1999 – Federal Law Enforcement Animal Protection Act was passed
2002 – AWA amended
2002 – Animal Fighting Enforcement Act introduced
2002 – Captive Wildlife Safety Act introduced
The New York law of 1867 created a pattern which other states would follow for the next century. The latter half of the century saw new SPCA’s come into being across the United States. The New York laws also spread across the land. [Details] After the passage of this new type of law, which was concerned with the well being of the animal and not just the property interest of the owner of the animal, the various state courts had to come to terms with this new legislation and the case opinions of that time created the legal analytical framework for the next century. A number of vexing issues were considered in these cases such as what is cruelty, must the acts be intentional, what defenses are available.
Humane handleing during the slaughter process for livestock.
Authorized the Secratary of Agriculture to regulate transport, sale, and handleing of dogs, cats, nonhuman primates, guinea pigs, etc.
Expanded list to all warm blooded creatures
Protects and regulates horse show buisness
regulated facilities for animals being used for food, agricultural research, testing, or education
Removes animal being titled as "property"
regulates hunting, fishing, and relocation of marine animals
Regulates plan to protect animals species that are in danger of going extinct
Songwriter raises awareness of animals rights and welfare
Protects rights of horses in competitions, market, and transportation.
regulates treatment of animals in research, exhibition, transportation, and distribution of animals used in labs
Set fire to a single-story building at the Malecky Mink Ranch in Oregon
Prohibits any kind of coommitment of speified actions
First movement to attract thousands of protesters
discourage unlawful disruption of commerce of animals
Amends the federal criminal to prohibit and penalize those willfully harming police and other law enforcement dogs
Further additions to animals protected by the welfare act: now includes reptiles and birds
Prohibits animal fighting for entertainment purposes. (Somebody forgot to tell Michael Vick)
Amends the Lacey act to include a broader range of animals prohibited to be kept as pets
Full transcript