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Cameras Throughout History

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Breanna Reams

on 11 February 2014

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Transcript of Cameras Throughout History

Cameras Throughout History
Photography
Derived from the greek words photos ("light") and graphein ("to draw"). It is a method of recording images by the action of light, or related radiation, on a sensitive material.
Leitz Camera
1925
Oskar Barnack
Both single and twin-lens reflex cameras were already available, they were too bulky. The Rolleiflex, however, was more compact and gained more popularity. The medium-format TLR design became popular for both high- and low-end cameras. It was the first camera to use a pentaprism.
The Nikon D1, a 2.74 megapixel camera, was the first digital SLR developed from the ground up by a major manufacturer. With the cost under $6,000 at introduction, it was affordable by professional photographers and high-end consumers. This camera also used Nikon F-mount lenses, which meant many of the same lenses they already owned would work with this camera.
Camera Obscura
1500
Daguerreotype Camera
1839
Louis Daguerre
Collodion Dry Plate
1855
Désiré van Monckhoven
Kodak
1888
George Eastman
The camera obscura was a dark chamber that reflected the outside image and turned it upside down and backwards.
This was the first practical camera. The image was developed by mercury vapor and fixed with a strong solution of ordinary salt (sodium chloride).
They began to have a rivalry with wet plates in speed and quality in 1871 when Richard Leach Maddox invented the gelatin dry plate.
It was a simple box camera with a fixed-focus lens and single shutter speed, which along with its relatively low price appealed to the consumer. When the consumer took 100 photos, they would return the camera to Eastman and he would process the photos and reload the camera with 100 more.
This camera brought many competitors. It was the first attempt to make a compact camera. Even though this camera was inexpensive, most people could not get 35 mm cameras.
Argus C3
1939

The cheapest cameras used rollfilm, but that couldn't stop 35 mm film from dominating the market by 1966 when the C3 was discontinued.
Contax S
1949
In 1960 the German Mec 16 SB subminiture became the first camera to place the light meter behind the lens for more accurate metering. Through-the-lens metering became a feature more commonly found on SLRs than other types of camera.
Polaroid J66
1961
Nikon D1
1999
D700 with AF-S 24-85mm
2010
In the past people would have to hire a photographer to take good quality photos. Now, most cameras take very good quality photos.
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