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African American Civil Rights in the Progressive Era

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Keegan Barnes

on 22 January 2014

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Transcript of African American Civil Rights in the Progressive Era

Awareness
The issue was commonly known throughout the USA, though very few knew to what extent. African American journalists brought light to the subject, Ida Wells-Barnett in particular. She toured the US and the UK while speaking out on racial inequality, especially the practice of lynching. Print was also an important medium, with Barnett's
A Red Record
and W. E. B. Du Bois
The Souls of Black Folk.
Response
Resolved?
The progressive reform against racism was not the end but the beginning of the fight for equal rights in the 20th century. The criticism of Booker T. Washington paved the way for protests during the Civil Rights movement 60 years later. The establishment of the NAACP provided a reliable outlet for activism.
African American Civil Rights in the Progressive Era

The Issue
Leadership
W.E.B. Du Bois
Rejected B.T Washington's call for patience
Ida Wells-Barnett
William Monroe Trotter
Editor of the Boston Guardian; Criticized Washington as well
Oswald Garrison Villard
White Publisher that joined with Du Bois to Help form the NAAC
P
African Americans faced extreme racism and segregation during the Progressive Era, including disenfranchisement, lynchings, and lack of adequate services
Keegan Barnes & Mack Pidgeon
“for the problem of the Twentieth Century is the problem of the color-line”
Works Cited

No response was taken in the form of legislation, however groups such as the NAACP and the NACW provided healthcare, housing, and educational opportunities for African Americans. Black Newspapers published reported lynchings, raising awareness that ultimately lead them to be a national concern.
The NAACP has been a major part of American history. Inspired by the Niagara Movement, white leaders against lynching and mistreatment toward Blacks combined with Du Bois to create the influential interest group. In 1910, Du Bois published the NAACP's first journal, "The Crisis".
African American Rights in 2014
NAACP
While racial inequalities are present in today's society, much of the blatant violence and segregation of African Americans seen during the progressive era is no more. The NAACP is still actively working to achieve total equality, and new leaders have emerged.
"African Americans After Slavery - Lynchings." The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. N.p., 27 Jun 2012. Web. 21 Jan 2014. <http://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-by-era/jim-crow-and-great-migration/resources/african-americans-after-slavery-lynchings>.
Boyer, Paul S., Clifford E. Clark, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, Neal Salisbury, Harvard Sitkoff, and Nancy Woloch. The Enduring Vision: A History of the American People. 6th ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2008. 642-644. Print.
Schechter, Patricia A.. "The Anti-Lynching Pamphlets of Ida B. Wells, 1892-1920." . Portland State University, n.d. Web. 21 Jan 2014. <http://dig.lib.niu.edu/gildedage/idabwells/pamphlets.html>.
ushistory.org, . "W. E. B. DuBois." U.S. History Online Textbook. The Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 21 Jan 2014. <http://www.ushistory.org/us/42e.asp>.
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