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Genetically Modified and Organic Foods

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by

Grayson Duncan

on 22 February 2013

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Transcript of Genetically Modified and Organic Foods

Summary Organic foods are more expensive than generic.

We want to find the differences in DNA.

Research can help common consumer make smart food choices.

Acquire samples
Prime samples for rtPCR
Run samples through rtPCR
Run samples through gel electrophoresis
Compare results Organic foods are more expensive, but genetically modified foods may cause health concerns. Hypothesis Genetic Differences
in Organic and
Generic Foods What is the genetic difference? If we compare organic and generic food samples, then we will find that the DNA is drastically different. Previous Research "Organic" cow feed contaminated with GM

GM-fed rat studies

Indian workers reactions to GM cotton Organic vs. Generic Legal parameters Importance Accomplishment Hopes By Grayson Duncan, Tiffany Brooks, and Sydney Herzog Problem Generic
$3.79/gal. Organic
$7.36/gal. http://www.amortyaray.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/milk.jpg Generic
$2.76/lb. Organic
$5.89/lb. http://www.mealsonwheelswest.org/the-nutritional-value-of-corn/ http://transitionculture.org/2009/07/10/potato-competition-winner-announced/ Generic
$0.79/lb. Organic
$1.95/lb. Why do scientists genetically modify foods? What are genetically
modified foods? This research will provide information that can be related to the common consumer. To find the amount of genetic modifications in generic and organic food. Experimental Design Acquire Samples Prime Samples for rtPCR Run Samples Through rtPCR Compare Results Poultry Milk Potatoes Corn http://www.goldkist.com/products/productinfo.aspx?id=148 http://www.gene-quantification.de/platform1.html Real Time PCR http://www.gene-quantification.de/platform1.html Available Sources PGXL Laboratories

Jenna Colgan, RD

Turner Farm

Dr. Richard C. Bozian, MD

Dr. Peter Regan Thomison

Organic Association of Kentucky Louisville, KY Florence, KY Cincinnati, OH Cincinnati, OH Columbus, OH Frankfort, KY Run Samples Through Gel Electrophoresis http://www.topac.com/electrophoresis3.html Sources Jyoti ThottamChannel, B. H. (2012, October 1). Genetically Modified Foods. Retrieved October 18, 2012, from Better Health Channel: http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Genetically_modified_foods_techniques
Farm, S. (2011). Organic vs. Natural. Retrieved October 18, 2012, from Stonyfield Organic:
http://www.stonyfield.com/why-organic/organic-vs-natural
Hunt, D. M. (2012, July 1). Real Time PCR Tutorial. Retrieved October 18, 2012, from University of South Carolina School of Medicine: http://pathmicro.med.sc.edu/pcr/realtime-home.htm
IRT. (2009, May 9). Genetically Modified Foods Pose Huge Health RIsk. Retrieved October 18, 2012, from Opposing Views: http://www.opposingviews.com/i/genetically-modified-foods-pose-huge-health-risk
Park, A. (2012, September 4). Is It Worth Buying Organic? Maybe Not. Retrieved October 18, 2012, from Time Healthland: http://healthland.time.com/2012/09/04/is-organic-food-more-nutritious-and-healthier-than-conventional-varieties/
Program, U. N. (2012, October 18). Organic FAQs. Retrieved October 18, 2012, from Organic: http://www.organic.org/education/faqs#faq1
Services, O. I. (2012). Differences Between Organic and Natural Food. Retrieved October 18, 2012, from Organic Facts: http://www.organicfacts.net/organic-food/organic-food-basics/difference-between-organic-and-natural-food.html
Thottam, J. (2007, March 14). When Organic Isn't Really Organic. Retrieved October 18, 2012, from Time Health: http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1599110,00.html
Group, E. (2012, October 1). What are Genetically Modified Organisms or GMO Foods? Global Healing Center. Retrieved October 18, 2012 from http://www.globalhealingcenter.com/nutrition/genetically-modified-foods
Paul, M., Kemp, G., & Segal, R. (2012, October 1). Organic Foods: Understanding Organic Food Labels, Benefits, and Claims. Help Guide. Retrieved October 18, 2012 from http://www.helpguide.org/life/organic_foods_pesticides_gmo.htm
Thottam, J. (2007, March 14). When Organic Isn't Really Organic. Time Health. Retrieved October 18, 2012 from http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1599110,00.html
Genetic Testing by Molecular Diagnostics Laboratories. (2012, January 1). Molecular Diagnostics Laboratories. Retrieved November 8, 2012 from http://www.mdl-labs.com/
Jenna Colgan, MA RD LD Dietician and Nutritionist. (2012, January 1). Wellness.com. Retrieved November 8, 2012 from http://www.wellness.com/dir/1204875/dietician-nutritionist/jenna-colgan-ma-rd-ld/florence/ky
Organic Agriculture Working Group. (2012, January 1). Kentucky State University. Retrieved November 8, 2012 from organic.kysu.edu/People.shtml
PGXL Laboratories | The genetics lab you'd build. (2012, January 1). PGXL Laboratories. Retrieved November 8, 2012 from http://www.pgxlab.com/
School Nutrition and Fitness (2012). Retrieved from
http://district.schoolnutritionandfitness.com/lasvirgenesusd/files/Nutrition_Library/Organic_vs.pdf
Peter Shield. (2007). Retrieved from
http://www.organicconsumers.org/articles/article_5649.cfm
Learn genetics. (2011). Retrieved from
http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/labs/pcr/
Harry , K. (2001, 06 25).http://www.aseanbiotechnology.info. Retrieved from
http://www.aseanbiotechnology.info/Abstract/21029142.pdf
Gaskell, G., Baue, M. W., Duran, J. & Allum, N. C. (2000, June 9). Worlds apart? The reception of genetically modified foods in Europe and the U.S. Retrieved from
http://enviro.lclark.edu/resources/scotland/Food/WorldsApart.pdf
Hunt, M. (2010, July 01). Microbiology and immunology on-line . Retrieved from
http://pathmicro.med.sc.edu/pcr/realtime-home.htm
Fao corporate document repository. (2012). Retrieved from
http://www.fao.org/docrep/W8079E/w8079e0g.htm
"...As GM crops become more prevalent, there is little that an organic farmer can do to prevent a speck of GM pollen or a stray GM seed from being blown by the wind onto his land or farm equipment..." - Jyoti Thottam,
TIME Magazine http://dogpostdaily.com/2012/07/u-s-department-of-agriculture-is-considering-to-regulate-more-dog-breeders-and-sellers/ Possible Future Research Comparing more food samples for wider average

Examining which genes have different effects

Studying possible health effects Any questions?
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