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Tobacco

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Abbey Turner

on 9 December 2015

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Transcript of Tobacco

Tobacco

TEENS AND TOBACCO
Influence of friends
Friends are an important influence. Teens with friends that use tobacco are most likely to also use it. They may feel pressured to use it or use it to fit in.
Influene of family
If a family member uses tobacco it can have negative and positive effects. It could show the harmful effects of tobacco use and what could happen making you not want to smoke. But it can also influence you to use it, some teens see their parents using it and see it as an sign of adult hood.
Influence of media
The media can influence greatly on teens.
Section 2
By: Abbey, Vanessa, and Natalie
Section 1
Chemicals in Tobacco Production
Stimulants
are drugs that increase the activity of the nervous system, one of those being nicotine. Nicotine can reach a person's blood in two ways: through the nose and mouth and through your lungs. either way, it immediantly travels to your brain, soon affecting your breathing, movement, learning, memory, mood, and your appetite
What are the affects of nicotine?
Short Term:
increased heart rate
increased blood pressure
the chance of addiction
Addiction:
usually starts with the feeling of pleasure
body develops a tolerance for it
might feel angry of irritable without nicotine
teens are known to get hooked faster than adults, maybe taking only a few cigarettes
Psychological:
Nicotine can be used in stressful situations and anxiety
may also be used when hanging out with friends and peer pressure, making quitting and saying no difficult
Withdrawl:
if an adict goes a period of time without nicotine theyre experiencing nicotine withdrawl
Symptoms: irritablilty, headaches, trouble sleeping, cravings, and not being able to concentrate
Other Dangerous Chemicals
Tar: the dark, sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns.
Section 3
Long Term Risks of Tobacco
With every dose of tobacco, users increase their risk of developing respiratory diseases, cardiovascular disease, and several different forms of cancer.
Chemicals in Smokeless Tobacco: most people use smokeless tobacco because they believe that there in less harmful chemicals in this than in tobacco smoke, when really its almost just as dangerous
When your parents were teens smoking was okay but now we know the dangers of smoking and what it causes.
Friends, family, and the media greatly influence the use of tobacco
Did you know that tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in the US?
Cigarette smoking alone is directly responsible for the deaths of over 400,000 Americans each year.
More than 6 million children living today may die early because of the use of tobacco in teir teen years.
browns teeth
makes you stink
bad breath
increased risk of respitory infections
increase of risk
contains
carcinogens
which is a chemical known as a cancer-casuing-agent.
Carbon Monoxide: a burned, odorless gas poisoness gas.
once inhaled and absorbed into the blood, it attaches itself to redblood cells replacing it with oxygen. This makes it so that not as much oxygen to the body as the cells need.
about as addictive as cigarettes
usually people who chew tobacco absorbs 2.5 times more nicotine than one cigarette
cancer is still at risk
snff users abosord two times more nicotine that one cigarette
stains your teeth
gives you bad breath and can cause drooling
receding gums and tooth decay
Respiratory Diseases
The "smoker's cough" is the result of damage caused by tar.
Tar sticks to the cilia, prevents them from moving and damages them over time.
Dust, tobacco smoke toxins, and mucus then accumulate in their airways. Coughing is is the body's attempt of clearing the airway.
Tobacco smoke and other accumulating toxins also irritate the lining and the lungs. The bronci become inflamed, which restricts the amount of air taht can enter and leave the lungs
How to Avoid Using Tobacco
try to stay away from the people you think are bad influences.
not smoking tobacco could be a good example to other users.
you have to stick to it and say no when someone offers you a cigarette, chewing tobacco, etc. (which will most likely happen at one point or another)
statistics show that teens usually have a hard time quitting than adults do, so staying healthy during adolescence is very important.
Affects of Nicotine II
Other Dangerous Chemicals II
There are many anti-tobacco programs that show teens the dangers of tobacco and what it can cause and the costs.
There are also tobacco companies that will find a way to sell their product. They will send direct email, radio, or ads. Many teens see these and think that its okay to smoke.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Tobacco products
If a person continues to smoke over a long period of time, the damage that occurs to the respiratory system becomes permanent.
COPD is a disease that resultsin a gradual loss of lung function.
COPD develops slowly, but its effects are severe. People with COPD find it difficult to fill their lungs with air.
Simple activities, such as climbing stairs, may leave them gasping for breath.
Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are two types of COPD.
Products that are smoked
cigarettes
bidis
kreteks
cigar
Smokeless tobacco
chewing tobacco- also known as dip, it is made of poor-quality, ground tobacco leaves with other flavorings.

snuff- finely ground, powered tobacco. it could be dried or oil added.
Both of these are placed in the mouth.
Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema
BENIFITS OF QUITING
Cardiovasular, Respiratory, and Psychological are benifts that the smoker gets.
The society benifts by less money is spent on tobacco and put it to a better cause
In people with chronic bronchitis, the airways are constantly inflamed. Over time,mucus-producing cells increase in size and number, producing more and more mucus. The constricted airways and overproduction of mucus make breahing difficult.
The damage tobacco causes to your lungs can lead to emphysema, a disorder in which alveoli in the lungs can no longer function properly.
Nicotine is the reason why tobacco is so addicting, its in all tobacco products.
COPD Treatments
Cigarette smoking is responsible for about 90 percent of all COPD deaths.
Although there is no cure for COPD, quitting smoking will prevent symptoms from getting worse.
Treatments focus on relieving symptoms and slowing the progress of the disease.
Possible treatments include medications that oen airways, breathing exercises, oxyegen treatents, and in severe cases, lung transplants.
Section 4
Cardiovascular Disease
Saying NO to Tobacco!!!
Cardiovascular disease-diseases of the heart and blood vessels-kill about 138,000 smokers in the US every year.
A smoker is two to three times more likley to have a heart attack than a nonsmoker.
Cigarette smoking doubles a person's chances of suffering a stroke.
Smokers are 10 times more likely to develop circulation problems in blood vessels that bring blood to the stomach, kidneys, legs, and feet.
Not only does the smoker benefit from quitting, so does the people aroud then amd the enviroment as a whole
Continued
The combined effects of nicotine, tar, and carbon monoxide force the cardiovascular system to work harder to deliver oxygen throughout the body.
Tobacco use also raises blood pressure, which, over time weakens blood vessels and places strain on many organs.
Studies also show that the chemicals in tobacco smoke increase blood cholesteral levels and promote atherosclerosis (the thickening and hardedning of artery walls).
Nicotine also increases the blood's tendency to clot.
Cancer
Tobacco use is a major factor in the development of lung cancer, oral cancers, and several other cancers.
Many factors influence a tobacco user's risk of developing cancer. Some of these factor are:
When the person started using tobacco
How much tobacco the person has used
How often the person is exposed to other people' smoke
Lung Cancer
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death for both men and women.
Scinetists estimate that over 85% of lung cancer death is related to smoking.
Unfortunately, by then time that most lung cancers are diagnosed successful treatment is unlikely, so only about 15% of people survive it for more thatn 5 years.
Oral Cancer
About 90% of oral cancers occur in people that use or have used tobacco.
The survival rate for oral cancer is much higher than for lung cancer, but the surgery to remove the cancer mry be disfiguring.
Tobacco users develop white patches on their tongues or the lining of their mouths called leukoplakia, which should be monitered by a doctor.
Other Cancers
Tobacco affects many organs in the body. As a result, tobacco users have an of cancers of the esophagus, larynx, stomach, pancreas, kidney, baldder, blood, and more.
Secondhand Smoke
When a person smokes, smoke enters the air from two sources.
Mainstream smoke- exhaled from smoker's lungs
Sidestream smoke- smoke that goes directly into the air from the cigarette
The combination of the two is called secondhand smoke, which is inhaled by everyone near the smoker.
Dangers of
Secondhand Smoke
Long term exposure to secondhand smoke can cause cardiovascular disease, respiratory problems, and cancer.
Avoiding Secondhand Smoke
Ask smokers not to smoke around you.
Be firm when telling guests that they can't smoke in your home or car.
Pick restaurants that do not allow smoking or at least sit in no smoking areas.
Tobacco Use and Pregnancy
Pregnant women who smoke put their babies at risk for many health problems. Such as...
Cerebral palsy
Sight impairment
Hearing problems
Learning difficulties
Pregnant women who smoke also have higher rates of mscarridges, premature births, and stillbirths than women who do not.
Tips for Quitting
The most important factor in successfully quitting tobacco is a strong personal commitment.
Some other tips are...
Make a list of reasons to quit and keep it handy.
Throw away all tobacco products and anything that reminds you of tobacco use.
Do little things to change your daily routine.
Tell your friends and family that you quit so that they can be there fo support.
Avoid being around people who use tobacco.
Put aside the money your save.
Exercise or call a friend to ger your mind off smoking
Full transcript