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Animal Adaptations

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emily murray

on 20 March 2014

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Transcript of Animal Adaptations

Definition: Using color to hide from or warn predators to not eat that animal.
Examples: Snow rabbits and poison dart frogs use coloration to help survive. Snow rabbits use their snow-white fur to blend into snow, and the colors of poison dart frogs alert predators to stay away from them.
Coloration is a structural adaptation.
Animal Adaptations
Definition: Animals have feet adapted to their needs. There are specially adapted feet for swimming, catching prey, running, holding on to surfaces, balancing, holding great weights, and weight distribution on soft surfaces like sand,mud, and snow.
Examples: Ducks and owls have feet adapted to their needs, because ducks have webbed feet adapted for faster swimming, and owls have feet adapted to easily catch prey.
Feet are structural adaptations.
Definition: Scents that animals use to fend off predators and rivals.
Examples: Skunks and wolves have odor glands used to fend off predators. When frightened, skunks release a scent to scare off unwanted visitors. Wolves have an odor gland on the back surface of their tails which they use to scent-mark their territory with, and alert animals to stay away from their object.
Odor glands are structural adaptations.
Odor Glands
Definition: Hibernation is a state of inactivity and metabolic depression. Hibernation refers to a season of hydrothermal that is characterized by low body temperature slow breathing and heart rate, and low metabolic rate.
Example- Bears and chipmunks hibernate.
Bears go into hibernation and bypass winter when their food supply, nuts and berries, disappear. Chipmunks hibernate because there are no nuts in winter.
Hibernation is a behavioral adaptation.
Definition: The short, fine, soft hair of certain animals. Fur serves the purpose of insulating animals from cold or too much heat, to signal danger, protect the skin, act as camouflage, and to sense immediate surroundings.
Examples: Polar bears and wolves have a thick coat of fur that helps insulate heat.
Fur is a structural adaptation.
Definition: The backbone of an animal is used to keep them upright, for defense, swimming, and to protect the spinal cord.
Examples: Fish and turtles have spines, which helps them swim and defend their backbones, while also protecting themselves.
Spines are structural adaptations.
Definition: The part of a kind of animal that lets it fly. This helps them get food, flee and live far away from predators, balance, and sometimes to act as camouflage, or to help swim for certain animals.
Examples: Eagles and penguins have specially adapted wings. Penguins are able to swim faster with their wings, and eagles can travel and get food quickly with theirs.
Wings are structural adaptations.
By Emily and Marcus
Territorial Behavior
The End
Definition- The process or act of migrating.
Examples- Geese and gray whales migrate. Geese migrate because they need to move from areas of low or decreasing resources to areas of high or increasing resources.
The two primary resources being sought are food and nesting areas. Gray whales migrate each fall to mate and give birth, and migrate north each spring to feast and grow fat.
Migration is a behavioral adaptation.
Definition: Prolonged torpor or dormancy of an animal during a hot or dry period.
Examples- Land crabs and toads.
A land crab spends dry seasons in an inelastic state at the bottom of their burrows. Toads estivate during the hot dry season by moving underground where it is cooler and more humid.
Estivation is a behavioral adaptation.
Definition: The part of a bird that lets them get food; a bird's horny projecting jaws, or bill.
Examples- Flamingos and chickens have beaks.
Flamingo's use their beaks to eat. They turn upside down to eat and drink. Chickens use their beaks to defend themselves and to break down their food to be easier to eat.
Beaks are structural adaptations.
Definition: The methods by which an animal, or animals, protect their territory from incursions by others of its species.
Examples: Songbirds and wolves share territorial behavior. When protecting their nest and babies from harm, songbirds use birdsong to defend the feeding area until their young are grown up. Wolves mark and defend their territory by scent marking places with an odor gland on their tail
Territorial behavior is a behavioral adaptation.
Definition: The resemblance of one organism to another or to an object in its surroundings for concealment and protection from predators.
Examples: Fork-Tailed Drongos and owls use mimicry. Many owls are able to use their natural looks to blend in trees and other parts of the forest. Drongos mimic the calling sounds of meerkats to steal their food. When the meerkats run away, then realize they're being fooled, the Drongo is then able to mimic the sound of a predator of the meerkat, and steal their food again.
Mimicry is a behavioral adaptation.
Definition: Ears are used for hearing sounds from a distance, navigation, listening for mating calls, receiving communication sounds, and receiving warnings of danger.
Examples: Dogs and cats have ears adapted to their living conditions. Both animals have great ears that helps them receive warnings of danger and communication sounds, as well as for hearing things from a great distance, and for navigation.
Ears are structural adaptations.
Definition: Attached in a row to each jaw, serving for the pretension and mastication of food, as weapons of attack or defense.
Examples: Tigers and elephants have adapted teeth. Tigers use their teeth to grab moving preys necks, crunching through bone and grinding meat into mouthfuls small enough to swallow. Tiger teeth are made to be really strong and chew food. Elephants use their teeth to chew their food as well.
Teeth are structural adaptations.
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