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Philosophy Final Presentation - Jean Paul Sartre Quote
Transcript of Philosophy Final Presentation - Jean Paul Sartre Quote
By Selin Levi and Fotini M
Defense of the Quote
This quote is similar in certain aspects to the ideas of Descartes. Descartes' ideas stem from questioning oneself and ones own existence, which is the basis of Sartre's ideas.
Connection to TOK Ways of Knowing
Sartre's ideas of existentialism connect directly to the TOK Way of Knowing Intuition. Sartre suggests that man's natural instinct is to be free so he bases his existenialist ideas off of human intuition. In this way, intuition becomes one of the reasons or supports of his ideas; it is one of his "ways of knowing" that he is correct in his belief.
Jean Paul Sartre
Argument Against Quote
The quote heavily contradicts the beliefs and ideals preached by the Stoics.
Connection to IB Learner Profile
This quote relates to the Inquirer IB Learner profile. Inquirers "develop their natural curiosity. They acquire the skills necessary to conduct inquiry and research and show independence in learning." Inquirers are free to explore new ideas and are also independent in their discoveries. This all relates back to Sartre's ideas of the freedom of humans. We are not bound to any sort of belief system, rules, or guidelines; we are free to explore anything we wish and are independent in this world as we go about our daily lives and our learning experiences.
Meaning of Quote
The meaning of this quote is that we humans are alone in this world, without a God and without a meaning to our lives. We are forever free and we can create our own meanings to our lives without boundaries. There are no preexisting morals or ethics that we have to follow, there is no perfect human being that we must model ourselves after; we are free do as we choose.
Pop Culture Example
"Jean-Paul Sartre - Quotes." Jean-Paul Sartre. The Europe Graduate School, n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2013
Butler-Bowdon, Tom. 50 Philosophy Classics: Thinking, Being, Acting, Seeing : Profound Insights and Powerful Thinking from 50 Key Books. London: Nicholas Brealey, 2013. Print.
The quote was written in 1943 in Sartre's book,
Being and Nothingness
World War 2 was a time of chaos and lead to an emerging of many new pessimistic ideas that really questioned preexisting beliefs.
Sartre drew his ideas from philosophers like Nietczhe and Heidegger, who he studied under for some time. These philosophers were some of the first to question God in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This quote is really just an expansion of the ideas of these philosophers.
Sartre, Jean-Paul, and Wade Baskin. Essays in Existentialism. Secaucus, NJ: Citadel, 1974. Print.
Jean Paul Sartre (1905-1980) was one of the best known philosophers of the twentieth century.
He was born in Paris and spent most of his life there.
In his lifetime, he was also a well-known novelist, playwright, and also largely involved in politics. He never joined the French Communist Party, but he was a known supporter. He also sympathized with Communist movements in the rest of Europe.
Descartes and Sartre both believe the idea of "I think therefore, I am." While Descartes believes that the primary reality of human existence is thinking, Sartre believes it is choice and freedom.
The quote is correct in questioning human existence and in the belief of "I think therefore I am".
The Stoics created specific rules and guidelines for the way that one should live their life. They also preached that one should accept their fate and make the most of their situation.
Sartre's ideas are just the opposite of this. He did not believe in any rules to life; he believed that man is free to choose his own life. This is also the exact opposite of the Stoic's ideas of accepting ones fate; Sartre says that one should not just accept their own fate but choose their own life.
Epictetus said that "Freedom is not secured by the fufilling of man's desires, but by the removal of desire" which completely goes against Sartre's idea of freedom.
Popkin, Richard H., and Avrum Stroll. Philosophy Made Simple. New York: Doubleday, 1993. Print.
Baltzly, Dirk, Baltzly,. "Stoicism." Stanford University. Stanford University, 15 Apr. 1996. Web. 10 Nov. 2013.
Flynn, Thomas, Flynn,. "Jean-Paul Sartre." Stanford University. Stanford University, 22 Apr. 2004. Web. 10 Nov. 2013.
For if indeed existence precedes essence, one will never be able to explain one’s action by reference to a given and specific human nature; in other words, there is no determinism – man is free, man is freedom. Nor, on the other hand, if God does not exist, are we provided with any values or commands that could legitimize our behavior. Thus we have neither behind us, nor before us in a luminous realm of values, any means of justification or excuse. – We are left alone, without excuse. That is what I mean when I say that man is condemned to be free. Condemned, because he did not create himself, yet is nevertheless at liberty, and from the moment that he is thrown into this world he is responsible for everything he does.
- Jean Paul Sartre
In this song, Freedom of Choice, by Devo, they sing about how we have the freedom of choice in our lives, how we're unlimited in our decision and that we should use it to our advantage. They are encouraging people to use this choice to their own personal benefits and are showing how important this choice; basically the decision to rule your own life.
In one of the lines, they mention how "he (the dog) dropped dead" . This symbolizes the affect our decision have on our lives. The dog decided to have both bones and eventually ended up dying because of this.