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Remediation of reading comprehension using the QAR strategy
Transcript of Remediation of reading comprehension using the QAR strategy
Using the QAR Strategy
The question–answer relationship (QAR) strategy helps students understand the different types of questions. By learning that the answers to some questions are "Right There" in the text, that some answers require a reader to "Think and Search," and that some answers can only be answered "On My Own," students recognize that they must first consider the question before developing an answer.
Why use question–answer
1. It can improve students' reading comprehension.
2. It teaches students how to ask questions about their reading and where to find the answers to them.
3. It helps students to think about the text they are reading and beyond it, too.
4. It inspires them to think creatively and work cooperatively while challenging them to use higher-level thinking skills.
How to use question–
1.Explain to students that there are four types of questions they will encounter. Define each type of question and give an example.
Four types of questions are examined in the QAR:
Right There Questions: Literal questions whose answers can be found in the text. Often the words used in the question are the same words found in the text.
Think and Search Questions: Answers are gathered from several parts of the text and put together to make meaning.
Author and You: These questions are based on information provided in the text but the student is required to relate it to their own experience. Although the answer does not lie directly in the text, the student must have read it in order to answer the question.
On My Own: These questions do not require the student to have read the passage but he/she must use their background or prior knowledge to answer the question.
2.Read a short passage aloud to your students.
3.Have predetermined questions you will ask after you stop reading. When you have finished reading, read the questions aloud to students and model how you decide which type of question you have been asked to answer.
4.Show students how find information to answer the question (i.e., in the text, from your own experiences, etc.).
When to use the QAR Strategy
How to use the QAR Strategy
With small groups
Whole class setting
The QAR strategy can be used to discuss questioning. Discuss how active readers use questioning during their independent reading to ensure accurate comprehension. Tell students that active readers use questioning before reading to activate prior knowledge, during reading to ensure comprehension, and after reading to reflect on and summarize what was read. Emphasize the types of questions you ask yourself.
Have students use QAR to discuss questions about pieces of writing. Students can write their own question-answer relationships about a classmate's essay.
Have students develop word problems based on the four types of questions in the QAR strategy. Discuss the process that students went through. Ask, "Were there some types of questions that were easier to write than others? Were there some types of questions that did not work with a certain situation? Why?" Have students keep a math journal in which they identify examples of each question type.
Have students use the QAR strategy to develop review questions for a chapter test. In small cooperative groups, students can use their textbook and their notes to develop "test questions" and justify why they would be good questions.
Look at the focus questions at the beginning or end of the chapter in a textbook. Have students categorize and then answer the questions. Have students examine how they categorized the questions, and make changes if needed, based on their answers.
When can you use it?
Not just for Reading...