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Words to know

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by

Nicole Juszczyk

on 15 January 2014

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Transcript of Words to know

Contrast
Words to know
Definition:
to compare in order to show unlikeness or differences; note the opposite natures, purposes, etc.
Synonyms:
differentiate
discriminate
distinguish
oppose
Antonyms:
same
copy
facsimile
uniformity
Sentence:
The weather in Florida is a lot warmer in contrast to the one in Canada
Paraphrase
a restatement of a text or passage giving the meaning in another form, as for clearness; rewording.
Definition:
Synonyms:
rewording
rephrasing
restatement
rendering
rendition
Antonyms:
quotation
Sentence:
Is there another way to paraphrase this sentence?
of the nature of exposition; serving to expound, set forth, or explain.
Synonyms:
Expository Writing
Narrative Writing
Definition:
Narrative writing is the retelling of something that already has happened. It is a story.
Synonyms:
Retold
Sequential
Recounted
Antonyms:
Rambling
Definition:
explicatory
explanatory
elucidative
Antonyms:
uninstructive
Persuasive Writing
able, fitted, or intended to persuade
Definition:
Synonyms:
inspiring
convincing
compelling
eloquent
Antonyms:
invalid
unbelievable
unlikely
Sentence:
Your persuasive writing did convince me quite well, so yes, you can get a dog for your birthday.
Draft
Definition:
drawing, sketch, or design. It is also a first or preliminary form of any writing, subject to revision, copying, etc.
Synonyms:
outline
rough sketch
abstract
Antonyms:
none
Sentence:
Please make a rough draft before handing in your final essay.
Revise
Definition:
to amend or alter
Synonyms:
review
rewrite
Antonyms
ruin
worsen
Sentence:
All students must revise their essay to make it better.
Edit
Definition:
to supervise or direct the preparation of
Antonyms:
Synonyms:
revise
style
excise
disperse
indulge
keep
Sentence:
Please edit your essay. I know you can make it better.
Sentence:
This year, we will be mainly focusing on narrative writing
Sentence:
This week I have worked on expository writing.
Analyze
Definition:
Evaluate
to examine critically, so as to bring out the essential elements or give the essence of: to analyze a poem.
Synonyms:
Study
Sort Out
Inspect
Evaluate
Antonyms:
Synthesize
Neglect
Combine
Ignore
Sentence:
I would like you to analyze the poem we just read with your table.
Second Person
Definition:
to judge or determine the significance, worth, or quality of;
Synonyms:

Appraise
Grade
Criticize
Valuate
Antonyms:
Neglect
Sentence:
I would like you all to make a self evaluation chart
First Person
Definition:
the grammatical person used by a speaker in statements referring to himself or herself or to a group including himself or herself, as I and we in English.
Synonyms:
you
Antonyms:
Second Person
Third Person
Narrator
Sentence:
This story is written in first person point of view.
Homophone
Definition:
the person used by a speaker in referring to the one or ones to whom he or she is speaking: in English you is a second person pronoun.
Antonyms:
Synonyms:
none
First Person
Third Person
Narrator
Sentence:
This essay is written in second person point of view.
Third Person
Definition:
the person used by a speaker in referring to the one or ones to whom he or she is speaking: in English you is a second person pronoun.
Synonyms:
author
narrator
Antonyms:
First Person
Second Person
Sentence:
The next novel that I will read is written in third person point of view
Definition:
a word pronounced the same as another but differing in meaning, whether spelled the same way or not
Synonyms:
homograph
homonym
Antonyms:
none
Sentence:
There are so many homophones I can think of!
Journalism
the occupation of reporting, writing, editing, photographing, or broadcasting news or of conducting any news organization as a business.
Definition:
Synonyms:
writing
news
the press
the fourth estate
Antonyms:
none
Sentence:
Journalism is not very popular.
Literature
Definition:
writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays.
Synonyms:
story
drama
essay
biography
Antonyms:
silence
speech
quiet
ignorance
Sentence:
What is your favorite kind of literature?
Quotation
something that is quoted; a passage quoted from a book, speech, etc.:
Definition:
Synonyms:
Antonyms:
Sentence:
Quote
Excerpt
Reference
Whole
Refusal
I would like you to find the quotation marks in paragraph two.
Symbolism
Sonnet
Definition:
Prosody . a poem, properly expressive of a single, complete thought, idea, or sentiment, of 14 lines, usually in iambic pentameter, with rhymes arranged according to one of certain definite schemes, being in the strict or Italian form divided into a major group of 8 lines (the octave) followed by a minor group of 6 lines (the sestet), and in a common English form into 3 quatrains followed by a couplet.
Synonyms:
Song
Lyric
Verse
Poesy
Antonyms:
none
Sentence:
Your Sonnet will be due on Thursday.
Iambic Pentameter
Definition:
a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable
Synonyms:
blank verse
iamb
iambus
dactylic hexameter
Antonyms:
none
Sentence:
the practice of representing things by symbols, or of investing things with a symbolic meaning or character.
Definition:
Synonyms:
Antonyms:
metaphor
comparison
analogy
none
Sentence:
This author uses a lot of symbolism in her writing.
Do you like to write using iambic pentameter?
Definition:
Table
Definition:
a chart. Used to to display data. Easy to read.
Synonyms:
Antonyms:
Definition:
Form
Definition:
agenda
schedule
chart
list
none
Sentence:
Now with the information given, take your data and organize it into your table
Tale
Definition:
a narrative that relates the details of some real or imaginary event, incident, or case; story: a tale about Lincoln's dog.
Synonyms:
legend
myth
fiction
fable
Antonyms:
nonfiction
truth
Sentence:
Would you like to watch
The Tale of Despereaux?
Term
Definition:
the time or period through which something lasts. A word or group of words designating something
Synonyms:
Antonyms:
phrase
style
name
word
None
Sentence:
The president was elected to do his job for a term of four years
Tone

any sound considered with reference to its quality, pitch, strength, source, etc.
Synonyms:
accent
emphasis
inflection
timbre
Antonyms:
unimportance
Sentence:
Watch your tone young lady.
Viewpoint
an attitude of mind, or the circumstances of an individual that conduce to such an attitude
Synonyms:
perspective
outlook
point of view
Antonyms:
none
Sentence:
The viewpoint from here is truly amazing!
external appearance of a clearly defined area, as distinguished from color or material; configuration
Synonyms:
structure
design
mode
Antonyms:
disorder
disorganization
Sentence:
Which form should I pick?
Voice
Definition:
the tone of the author's writing
Synonyms:
tone
speech
sound
Antonyms:
quiet
silence
Sentence:
One of the six traits of writing is voice.
Elements of Fiction
Definition:
elements in which a writer uses to develop a fiction story
Synonyms:
Antonyms:
plot
conflict
exposition
none
Sentence:
Today we will be learning about the different elements of fiction.
Text Structure
Definition:
refers to the information within a written text is organized.
Synonyms:
none
Antonyms:
none
Sentence:
When writing your essay make sure to have the same text structure as this.
World Literature
Definition:
literature from all around the world. From different nations
Synonyms:
novels
stories
Antonyms:
none
Sentence:
World literature has made a big impact on our society.
Dictator
Definition:
a leader of a country who controls everything and usually rules by fear
Synonyms:
Antonyms:
leader
ruler
chief
boss
tyrant
employee
follower
worker
Sentence:
The dictator was cruel and harsh to the people.
Diplomats
Definition:
government representatives who work with other nations
Synonyms:
Antonyms:
agent
minister
representative
none
Sentence:
The diplomats were all gathering for a meeting.
Airship
Definition:
machine that uses a gas-filled balloon to fly

Synonyms:
Antonyms:
balloon
chopper
airliner
none
Sentence:
The airship was flying high up in the sky.
Varnish
Definition:
a clear liquid painted onto objects to protect them
Synonyms:
Antonyms:
gild
lacquer
coat
dull
reveal
uncover
Sentence:
Many construction workers use varnish on wooden floors.
Anchor
Definition:
a news reporter
Synonyms:
Antonyms:
ballast
bower
grapnel
none
Sentence:
The anchor kept on asking me many questions.
Full transcript