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Homer's The Iliad

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Ellen Mueller

on 16 November 2012

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Transcript of Homer's The Iliad

Patroclus, Achilles' bff, appeals to him to rejoin the war. The Iliad is an epic poem depicting the possible war between the Trojans and the Spartans & Acheans--name given to mainland Greeks--supposedly the Trojan war took place c. 1200 b.c.e. So, what's "The Iliad" all about? Paris, son of Priam of Troy, was asked to pick which goddess was most beautiful: Hera, Athena, or Aphrodite. How did the Trojan war begin? Guess what? This all happened ten years before the Trojan war! The Events of the Trojan war in a nutshell...if that's even possible. Homer's The Iliad begins nine years after the start of the war with the Trojans. During that nine years, virtually nothing happens. Then Achilles refuses to fight after being insulted by Agamemnon. Achilles is badly tempered and flawed even though the best warrior the Greeks have. Achilles still refuses but he does give Patroclus his bronze armor made by Hephaestus to protect him against the Trojans. circa 750 B.C.E. Homer's The Iliad What is "The Iliad?" "Iliad" is a word that means "a poem about Ilium" (i.e. Troy) Homer's great epic poem has been known as "The Iliad" ever since the Greek historian, Herodotus, coined it this. Trojans Spartans/Acheans
(Greeks) King Menelaus, King of Lacedaemon (Sparta) + wife Helen. King Priam, of Troy Agamemnon, brother
of Menelaus, Supreme Commander of Acheans/King
of Mycenae Achilles--one of the Greeks' greatest warriors Paris, son of Priam and abductor of Helen, Menelaus' wife Hector, brother of Paris and son of Priam Hera offered Paris the entire Asia Kingdom if he chose her. Athena offered him infinite wisdom. Aphrodite offered Paris the beautiful Helen, King Menelaus' wife from Sparta. Who do you think he chose as the most beautiful based upon the rewards? Yup, he chose beauty. He wanted Helen for himself, thus angering Hera and Athena. This fateful decision is the reason that Hera and Athena favor Sparta over the Trojans in the war. Also, it's why Aphrodite favors the Trojans. Hmmm, let me see. Power, Wisdom, or beauty? Ahh, I've got it! Can you guess who else this angered? Right, the King of Sparta, Menelaus. I want my
wife back! Without Achilles, the Acheans (Greeks) begin to lose many men. Achilles, please reenter the war.
We've lost
so many men. As your bff, I plead with you. Too bad, so sad. Hector of Troy slays Patroclus even with Achilles' protective armor. Achilles' rage is now directed at Hector. Achilles gets new armor again from Hephaestus. He goes on rampage killing many Trojans until he faces Hector, killer of his bff. Hector knows he doesn't stand a chance against Achilles for the gods have told him so. He takes off with Achilles at his heels. Achilles chases him around the walls of Troy three times until, tricked by Athena, Hector turns to face Achilles. After Hector has been slain, Achilles ties up his body to the back of his chariot and drags him around the town wall-I believe for nine days. Priam, Hector's father, is enraged and saddened. After the funeral for Patroclus, Achilles is visited by Priam. Priam offers money for his son's body. Moved by Priam's saddness and the knowledge that he probably won't see his father again either, Achilles relinquishes the body of Hector to Priam. Priam pleading for his son's body from Achilles. The Epic ends with this line, "And so the Trojans buried Hector breaker of horses." Why is the Iliad studied? Greece Goodnight, Patroclus. In school, Greek boys had to read and recite the lines from "The Iliad" until education was changed by the Philosophers: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Also, it is a study of a culture since the Iliad reflects ancient Greek values and ways of life.
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