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Transcript of Romantic Age
Literature World Events of the Romantic Age In 1799, Napoleon Bonaparte becomes head of the revolutionary French government against Great Britain. The United States and Britain declare war against each other, starting the War of 1812. The war was initiated because of the British attempts to restrict U.S. trade, the Royal Navy's impressmet of American naval soilders, and America's desire to expand its territory. The Romantic Age
(1798-1832) Major British Events This battle took place during the Napoleonic War on October 21, 1805. The British Royal Navy was fighting against the Fleets of France and Spain off the South Western coast of Spain at Cape Trafalgar. Napoleon decided to invade Britain, but he needed to gain control of the English Channel first by destroying the British Fleet. The Royal Navy was under the command of Nelson, while the Franco-Spanish Fleet was under the command of Villenueve. The British decided to cut through the Franco-Spanish lines and attack the centre and rear. This strategy proved to be successful for the Royal Navy and they won the battle. Unfortunately, Nelson was killed during the battle. The Battle of Trafalgar How did the Romantic Period Begin? The Romantic Period was a time of artistic freedom and creativity that came about in Europe toward the end of the 18th century. This era was considered to be one of the most influential literary time periods. The Romantic era was known to be a rebellion against the very strict Classical Age. FRANKENSTEIN by Mary Shelley New musical techniques came about as composers began to experiment with new harmonies. There were also new instruments added to orchestras for different sounds. By: Marcus, Jordan, and Taelor Napoleon comes to power in France Volta builds first electric battery in Italy Toussant L'Ouverture leads rebellion
against French rule in Haiti U.S. purchases Louisiana Territory
from France (1803) Lewis and Clark expedition (1804-06) Napoleon declares himself Emperor (1804) U.S. and Britain declare war: War of 1812 Napoleon is defeated and exiled to St. Helena after the Battle of Waterloo (1815) Monroe Doctrine established one of the major Romantic poets. And is one of the finest lyric poets in the English language Percy Bysshe Shelley
(1792-1822) Jean Jacques Rousseau is considered to be the "Father of Romanticism". His views are said to be the foundation of this era. He believed that people are good, but become corrupted by the evils in society. Rousseau also believed that by attending to nature we are more likely to live a life of virture. The Romantics went to nature for inspiration and renewal. William Wordsworth
(1770-1850) was a major English poet of the romantic period and helped to launch the entire movement of romanticism Wolfe Tone Rebellion In 1791 Theobald Wolfe Tone, a young Protestant, founded the Society of United Irishmen in Belfast. Their goal was to unite Irish people of all religions, end the rule of landlords, achieve political independence, and liberate the Catholics. Wolfe Tone became secretary of the Catholic Association in Dublin, this helped the Catholics regain some of the rights they had lost in the previous century. Soon after, in 1792 there were many Catholic Relief Acts which restored their right to education, to practice law, to vote in local and parliamentary elections, and to bear arms. England decided to take action against them and tried to restrain the United Irishmen in Dublin. This caused the Irishmen to meet secretly and they began to want more extreme reforms. Frankenstein by Mary Shelley
Also called "The Modern Prometheus.
Frankenstein is a novel about a creature created by an unorthodox science experiment. Surprisingly the idea for the story came to Mary in a dream. Mary, her husband, and two other men were competing to see who could write the best horror story. Frankenstein is infused with elements of a Gothic novel and Romanticism and is considered to be one of the first science fiction novels. Summary of the Novel:
Captain Walton is sailing a ship and it gets stuck in the middle of nowhere on some ice. Walton has nothing to do so he begins writing to his sister about how he wishes he had company. A man appears out of nowhere on a dog sled and boards Walton's ship. Company! The man who's name happens to be Victor starts to recount his entire life story to Walton. During Victor's college years he learns how to create a human made from corpse body parts (GROSS!) The Frankenstein's maid was a woman named Justine who was accused of killing his brother, and she is executed (But she was innocent!). Soon Victor comes in contact with the monster and he admits to killing the brother because he is angry that Victor has made him live alone. Victor starts to make a companion for the monster but fears he has been tricked and destroys it. The monster then seeks revenge again and kills Victor's wife on the night of their wedding. After telling Walton this terrible story Victor dies. Hi Taelor :))) The Catholics joined Wolf Tone's cause and were ready for action. There was tension between the Protestants and Catholics. Many of the Protestants did not want to be associated with the them. A few years later, Wolfe Tone organized an armed rebellion against the English. The British government continued to repress the United Irishmen and even had a network of spies that kept the authorities in Dublin Castle informed of the Irish movements. In 1798 the rebellion began. The Irishmen planned a massive rebellion in Dublin, but the British quickly came and arrested their leaders. They decided to continue without their leaders. Between 30,000-50,000 men rebelled and a large number of them were killed. The French sent a small group of troops to help the Irish but they were quickly captured. Wolf Tone was among the captured troops. He was dressed as a French officer. The British took him to Dublin and sentenced him to death. Wolfe Tone committed suicide in prison before he was executed. After the rebellion the British passed the Act of Union in 1800. This created "The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland", which meant there was no longer an Irish Parliament. Napoleon persuades the Directory of Five to invade Egypt in order to: disrupt England's trade with Asia in the East, establish Egypt as a French colony, save money and troops by avoiding a British invasion, and moral justification. Napoleon was instructed to capture Malta (prime trading port between Tunisia an Sicily), dislodge the English from their Oriental possessions, build a canal through the Isthmus of Suez, and improve the situation of the Egyptian people and establish a stable French government. Napoleon chose to only capture Malta, which surrendered without a fight. In Egypt, Napoleon and his army faced British forces (particularly the Royal Navy)where they suffered their first lost. The Battle of Acre's lost and the recovery of the Rosetta Stone, forced Napoleon to abandon Egypt and head back to Europe. In 1803 the U.S. purchased the Louisiana Territory from France. Thomas Jefferson purchased the territory to remove France's presence in the United States and to protect U.S. trade accesss to the port of New Orleans and free passage on the Mississippi river. Jefferson charged Lewis and Clark to explore
the land in 1804-1806. They returned with extensive knowledge of plant life and animal life and land regions (rivers, mountains). American troops had to face British, Canadian, and Native American soilders during the war and suffered many casualties and humiliating defeats, including the burning of Washington, D.C (August 14, 1814) However, the American resolve was strong and they stayed true to their cause, defending attacks on New York, Baltimore (Fort Henry), and New Orleans. These victories strengthened national confidence and patriotism for the Americans. The Treaty of Ghent in 1815 ended the war but left many questions unresolved. The Americans saw the War of 1812 as a "second indepence" that improved national pride for the United States. The Great Reform Act of 1832 The Reform Act of 1832 was one of the most important changes in the history of British politics. It was demanding for the electoral system to be changed. The need for change came about after the Industrial Revolution. This Revolution created a new economy and many new cities and towns. These new cities and towns had no political representation. At the time only landowners were allowed to vote, which meant that a great deal of citizens had no say in political matters. Most of the radicals wanted everyone to have the right to vote and a secret ballot, where voters could cast their vote anonymously. These demands had been around for a long time, but because they were under a Tory government these demands would never be acknowledged. In 1829 the Tories collapsed and the Whigs took over. The Whigs were lead by Earl Grey. The first bill was presented in 1831 during March. It was defeated by the House of Commons and had to be revised. In October the House of Commons passed the reform bill, but it was defeated by the House of Lords. This led to many riots and numerous members of the Lords were attacked in their homes. In December an even more compromised bill was proposed. It was once again turned down by the House of Lords and there were more serious riots throughout the country. On June 7th, 1832, the Great Reform Act became a law. The terms of the reform had been heavily compromised. There was still an open vote and a ten pound property qualification which meant that the majority of the working class still could not vote. It was also necessary to pay to stand for election, so the people who stood for election were usually bussinessmen, landowners, or aristocrats. Prelude in E-Minor (op. 28 no. 4) -Frederic Chopin Works Cited "The Battle of Trafalgar." Broadside. Battle of Trafalgar. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.nelsonsnavy.co.uk/battle-of-trafalgar.html>. "The Battle of Trafalgar." The Battle of Trafalgar. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.britishbattles.com/waterloo/battle-trafalgar.htm>. "The Great Reform Act Of 1832." Essortment. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.essortment.com/great-reform-act-1832-34980.html>. "Wolfe Tone." Wolfe Tone. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.askaboutireland.ie/learning-zone/primary-students/subjects/history/history-the-full-story/ireland-in-the-18th-centu/wolfe-tone/>. "Irish History." Wolfe Tone's Rebellion -. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.netplaces.com/irish-history/the-protestant-ascendancy/wolfe-tones-rebellion.htm>. "Romanticism." Romanticism. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/english/melani/cs6/rom.html>. Ozymandias by Percy Shelley
Probably Shelley's most famous poem, it was published in 1818. It was published in a London magazine called The Examiner. It was actually written in competition with Shelley's friend Horace Smith who wrote a poem with the exact name. This poem is famous for it's themes, imagery and its virtuosic diction. The Rhyme scheme is unusual and creates an interwoven effect. The Prelude by William Wordsworth can also be called Growth of a Poets Mind; An autbiographical poem. It is an autobiographical poem written in blank verse. The Prelude is an extremely personal piece of work about Wordsworth's life starting at the age of 28. Wordsworth worked on The Prelude all throughout his life and never got to see it published. William's Wife Mary published the work posthumously and also gave it it's name. Wordsworth just called it The Poem throughout his entire life. The Battle of Waterloo was fought bewtween the French Empire, led by Napoleon, and the Seventh Coalition and Prussian Army. The Seventh Coalitiion wanted to invade France and exile Napoleon again--he just returned from his 100 day exile in Elba The Congress of Vienna ruled him an outlaw and the Seventh Coalition raised 150,000 men to end his reign. The Waterloo campaign was fought between June 16-19, 1815 near present-day Belgium. Napoleon and his army was defeated and he was exiled to St. Helena, where he died on May 5, 1821. The Treaty of Paris in 1815 resolved the Napoleanic Wars and officially ended Napoleon's prescence in France. "Napoleon in Egypt, or Egomaniac on the Loose." Napoleon in Egypt, or Egomaniac on the Loose. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.napoleon-series.org/military/battles/c_egypt.html>. "War of 1812." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.history.com/topics/war-of-1812>. "Teaching With Documents: The Lewis and Clark Expedition." Lewis & Clark Expedition. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/lewis-clark/>. http://www.battleofwaterloo.org/ Because of the Romantic Age, artists, writers, and thinkers began to express themselves which helped developed society overtime. Without the spark the Romantic Age brought, individualism and could still be lost within the world today. As the Romantic Age was a reaction to initiate individualism within the world, it is debatable if it ever ended. http://faculty.gvc.edu/ssnyder/102/romantic.html