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England under the Danes and the Norman Conquest
Transcript of England under the Danes and the Norman Conquest
It was 796 when England was too weak due many battles against Vikings; also many of the inhabitants became Christianity which provoked fights and invasions by the Danes, who were pagans.
The Danes were barbarous but they worked craftsmanship and knew literature work. Also they dominated the sea even they hadn´t enough ships. They were strong soldiers; they used tools such as axes and helmets which powered their army.
Alfred won his position by his successes in war, but he is best known for his achievements in peace. He promoted monasteries, which became centers of teaching. He translated several works into English; published the laws of his predecessors.
Ethelredo had to get married to Emma, whom his father was Ricardo I, the duke of Normandy.
When he died, Edward the Confessor assumed the kingdom. He had grown up in Normandy and had learned to prefer Norman’s ways.
In 865 the Danes attacked Kent; in 868 they conquered Mercia; the following year, invaded York; in 870 they overran Mercia. Their territories conquered were known as the Danelaw.
Alfred was Aethelwulf´s son; his first task was to provoke a resistance against the Danes. He defeated the king Guthrum in 878 in the battle of Ethandun; the Danes king and many of his followers accepted baptism.
Alfred had a son Edward and a daughter, Ethelfleda. He gave her the province of Mercia. Her husband was Ethered, she was called the Lady of the Mercians.
Edward had three sons: Æthelstan, Edmund and Edred; they built forts named burhs. Athelstan recovered Northumbria, who in 937 defeated Vikings, Scots and Danes in the battle of Brunanburh and he is called the “king of England”.
In 973, Edgard (Alfredo´s great-grandson) was declared the king of all Great Britain when Æthelstan died. Edgard minted all money of his kingdom.
There was a bad king called Ethelredo who was paying a lot of golden to avoid being killed by the Danes Sweyn, but it only provoked the ambitions of the Danes. He was losing the control of his kingdom and the kings of Normandy helped to the Danes to enter to England.
When the king Sweyn died in 1014, Ethelredo returned to England but he was killed by Sweyn's son called Canute. It allowed Canute, to become king of England.
He got married Aelfgifu Aelfhemsdotter, and then they got two children named Svendo and Harold Harefoot.
Meanwhile, Tostig was ruling Northumbria. Harold planned a battle against his brother but he was taken to prison by Guy Ponthieu, but Harold was liberated by Guillermo.
The final battle happened in October 14th, in that battle Harold and his brothers were murdered by Guillermo, who took ten years to console his kingdom.
When Guillermo died in 1087, only a small part of England was ruled by English. In 1200 all the English buildings was substitute by Norman buildings.
Made by Etty De la Cruz Quispe
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