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Transcript of Roman Architecture
Luis Di Girolamo The Romans adapted traits from Greek Architecture The Romans created a new architectural style. The Roman's new architectural style consisted of columns, domes, arches, and aqueducts. The Romans used three different types of columns. These columns are the same as the Greek columns. The three types of columns are Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. The Doric style is the most plain and basic style of the Roman columns. It is also the oldest of the three styles. It's plain features were not as appealing as the other styles, but they were considered to hold more weight. The Ionic styled column came next. The Ionic columns had a decorated top and base.They were more graceful, less imposing, more decorative, and more common than the Doric style. Although they did not hold as much weight as the Doric columns, they had the same purpose. The Corinthian column was the king of all columns. They were the most ornate of the three columns. They were very large and had many fine details. Domes Columns The first technically advanced, true dome was created in ancient Roman architecture. Domes were frequently used by the Romans in their temples and public spaces such as the Pantheon. The Pantheon is one of the most influential domes. The Roman domes provided large, covered, public space. This was often used as public baths and basilicas. Domes required heavy supporting walls. Domes were most commonly used in the building of temples or churches. The pantheon is, by far, the best preserved monument with the biggest brick dome in the history of architecture. Within the walls of the Pantheon, ancient Roman citizens prayed and worshiped their gods. It was originally built between 27 and 25 BCE. In 80 CE, it was rebuilt after it caught fire. 30 years later, it was struck by lightning and burned down again. It was then rebuilt by Emperor Hadrian. The Pantheon was considered to be one of Emperor Hadrian's biggest accomplishments. Arches Arches varied in complexity, and were often used to support large buildings. An arch is a structure that spans a certain amount of space as well as hold and support large loads. Arches can securely resist compression, but are fragile when tension is applied. When under heavy pressure, the arches are designed to transmit the force onto the pillars or walls that support it. The arch is a prime example of Roman architecture that is still found today. The arch is found in many of ancient Rome's buildings. But, one of the most famous is the Colosseum. The Colosseum was mainly used for gladiator games and reenacting naval battles. The Colosseum is considered to be one of the most impressive buildings of the Roman Empire and one of the greatest works of Roman architecture. Each floor of the Colosseum has different styled columns. On the bottom floor are Doric columns. On the second floor are Ionic columns. And, on the third floor are Corinthian columns. The Colosseum is mainly built out of concrete, limestone, and huge upside- down U-shaped arches. These materials all work together to hold up the four tiered structure. The concrete arches, which support the tier above, lay on a tough mixture of limestone, concrete, and other building materials. The Colosseum, located just east of the Roman Forum, was built around 70-72 CE by the Emperor Vespasian, as a gift to Rome. Two years later, it was inaugerated with a 100 day non-stop event of Gladiator fights as well as animal fights. Today, The Colosseum has lost about two thirds of its former structure, but continues to stand strong in the heart of Ancient Rome. Aqueducts Ancient Romans were some of the first civilizations to use aqueducts. An aqueduct is a bridge like structure that has built in pipes. These pipes carry water from it's source to the city. This water was mainly taken to public baths, latrines, fountains, and the private homes of those who could afford it. These aqueducts are at a slight angle, and carry the water only through means of gravity. Roman architecture was influenced by the Greeks. The Romans created their own architectural style through the use and creation of columns, domes, arches, and aqueducts.