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Human Geography: Population

A summary of some of the main concepts and terms from AP Human Geography Chapter 2, Population. Remember you are responsible to do your text reading to get the WHOLE picture of the chapter!
by

Ruth Bohlin

on 14 September 2015

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Transcript of Human Geography: Population

Chapter 2: Population
Key Concept 1:
WHERE IN THE WORLD DO PEOPLE LIVE?
People, People Every Where
...Sorta'
Population Density
Arithmetic Population Density_
The population of a country or region expressed as an average per unit area.
A measurement of the number of people per given unit of land.
Physiologic Population Density
Population Distributions
Description of location on the Earth's surface where population lives.
The number of people per unit area of ARABLE land.
Dot Maps
Maps where one dot represents a certain number of phenomenon such as population
Census
a periodic and official count of a country's population.
AP Human Geography
Megalopolis
term used to refer to large urban agglomerations.
Key Concept NUMERO DOS:
Why is Population Rising
More Quickly in Particular Places?
Population explosion-
is the rapid growth of the world's human population (past 2 centuries) attended by even-shorter doubling times and accelerating rates of increase.
Doubling times-
the time required for a population to double in size.
Natural
INCREASE Rate
(NIR)
Crude Birth Rate
Demographic Transition Model
Crude
Death Rate
Stationary Stage
Low Growth Stage
High Growth Stage
Moderate Growth Stage
the difference between the number of births and the number of deaths.
the number of live births per year per thousand people in a population
the number of death per year per thousand people
Migration
Remittances-
money migrant which sends money back to their family at home.
Periodic Movement
Transhumance
Military Service
Migrant Labor
a system of pastoral farming in which ranchers move lifestock according to the seasonal avialablity of pastures.
moving to a new location due to service relocation
migrants who cross boarders to a new location in search of work.
Migration
International & Internal Migration
Voluntary Migration
Forced Migration
Push Factors
Pull Factors
movement of location inside a countries bordesrs, or moving from one country to another.
moving in ones will, after observing and analyzing choices and choosing to migrate.
conditions which helps a migrant decide to leave a place
conditions which succesfully attract migrants to a location.
migration that is imposed by authorities and leaves the migrant no choice.
Immigration
Laws
Quotas
Selective
Immigration
setting a precent of how many migrants can be accepted into a country
where individuals with certain backgrounds are barred from entering.
FIN
Census aka NOT-ALWAYS-FAIR-MEANING-ALMOST-ALWAYS-BIAS-BUT-THE-BEST-WE-CAN-DO-HEAD-COUNT!
Two-thirds of the world’s population are concentrated in four regions:
1. East Asia (East China, Japan, S. Korea, Taiwan)
- over 25% of world population here
2. South Asia (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh)
- bound by the Himalayas and a desert in Pakistan and nearly another 25%
3. Europe
- population is concentrated in cities
4. North America
- megalopolis/agglomerations

Population Clusters
You're so vague...how CRUDE!!!
So...Let's talk about this (possibly shady) but Uber Useful Chart!
uh...huh?
TOO MANY...TOO FAST
>95% of Global NIR is taking place in LDC (Lower Development) like SS Africa & South Asia
Total Fertility Rate
(TFR)
average number of kids a woman
will have during her child-bearing
years (15-49 years of age)

**NIR, CBR & TFR will almost always
mirror each other***
A bit about
POPULATION PYRAMIDS
Shows the POPULATION STRUCTURE of a specific region in a bi-lateral bar graph. Good tool to show patterns such as SEX RATION, DEPENDENCY RATION and clues to other HDC vs. LCD characteristics.
Gemme Some HANS
S1:Low Growth
S2:Increasing
Growth
S3:Population
Explosion
S4: Stabilized
Leveling
S1: Low Growth
S2: Increasing
Growth
S5: Declining
Growth
Key Concept 3: What social issues
influence Population Dynamics?
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) : deaths within 1st year of life
Child Mortality Rate (CMR) : deaths within 1-5 years of life
Full transcript