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ACP Middle Ages

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by

Rebecca Trzaski

on 19 November 2015

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Transcript of ACP Middle Ages

Europe after the Decline of Rome
The Dark Ages
Charlemagne
Feudalism - arrangement where everyone had mutual duties and obligations
Holy Roman Emperor
Why was the Roman Catholic Church able to gain so much power in Europe during the Middle Ages?
England
William the Conqueror
Battle of Hastings 1066

Magna Carta 1215
constitutional monarchy
The Crusades
Effects of the Crusades
Intolerance
End of feudalism
Increase in trade
Hundred Years War
The Long Bow
Joan of Arc
The First Division in Christianity
The Schism of 1054 A.D.
Christian Church
Roman
Catholic
Church
Eastern
Orthodox
Church
REVIEW:
* What is feudalism?
* What is a fief?
* What caused feudalism to develop?
* What is manorialism?
* Why did the manor have to be self-sufficient?
* What are the three major religions that developed in the Middle East?
* What are the five pillars of Islam? How do they compare & contrast to the Ten Commandments?
* What are the major contributions of Islamic civilization?

Islam
Muslims
* monotheistic
* Allah
* Muhammad
* Qur'an (Koran)
*mosque

5 Pillars of Islam
1. Profession of Faith
2. Prayer 5x daily towards Mecca
3. Almsgiving
4. Fasting (during Ramadan)
5. Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca)
Branches Of Islam
1. Sunni

2. Shiites (Shia)

3. Sufi

Islamic Contributions during the Middle Ages
Astronomy
Geography
Education
Mathematics
Medicine
Middle Ages Art
Jesus! Mary! & Joseph!
Goal:
Regain Jerusalem from the Muslims!
Manorialism - the economic side of feudalism
Western Rome collapses 476 AD
Eastern Rome thrives as the
Byzantine Empire
until 1453 AD with its capital at
Constantinople
.
Justinian
Great Schism of 1054 AD
Christianity
Eastern
Orthodox
Roman Catholic
Development of Representative Government in England
Magna Carta
Parliament
Constitutional Monarchy
The End of the "Middle Ages"
The Black Death
The Hundred Years Wars
The Siege of Constantinople by the Ottomans
Serfs
VIKINGS
William of Normandy
Death
Weakening of Constantinople
Education in Europe
Ottoman Turks 1453
Beneficial or Detrimental?
Gothic
bright
light
big
Justinian's Code
organized and updated Roman laws
Created because there was no strong, central government
Scandinavia
Normandy, France
Russia
North America
divide over who should rule the Islamic community
Magna Carta 1215
limited the power of the English monarch
Charles Martel 732
Battle of Tours
tries to regain Western Roman Empire
Nika Riots
Hagia Sophia
The rise of the middle class & towns
The signing of the Magna Carta
Results of the Black Death:
* 1/3 European population = DEAD
* The end of feudalism
* Many lost faith in the Roman Catholic Church
Full transcript