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Cold War Hot Spots
Transcript of Cold War Hot Spots
Overview of the "Hot Spots"
Causes of the Cold War...
--Communism vs. Democracy
--Different plans for Europe after WWII
--Rise of superpowers
--Threat of nuclear weapons
No fighting between the USSR and USA officially, but there were some "Hot Spots"...
(USSR wants buffer zone to prevent another Hitler-like attack; USA and allies want free elections for countries of Eastern Europe and fear the growing influence of the Soviet Union)
After WWII, Germany is split up...
--Times were hard in communist East Berlin after the War (bad economy, little food, inflation)
--East Berliners head to West Berlin
--Soviets blockade West Berlin to prevent East Germans from going there
--USA and allies begin Berlin Airlift to help West Germans
--Soviet Union builds the Berlin Wall (1961) to prevent East Germans from entering West Berlin
The first show down happens in Berlin...
Just like Germany, Korea was split in two after WWII...
The Soviets wanted to spread communism to the South, the United States wanted communism out of Korea altogether
China (communist) gets nervous about US occupation of Korea
After a war over the peninsula, Korea is officially split at the 38th parallel, like it is today
Cuba becomes a communist country...
--Nikita Krushchev takes over in the Soviet Union
after Stalin dies
--Supports revolution under Fidel Castro
--Nuclear missiles placed in Cuba
--US and USSR on brink of war
this is a perfect example of how
Mutually Assured Destruction
almost led to nuclear war
The US wanted to stop communism from spreading
to Southeast Asia...
--After WWII, Vietnam fought the French for its independence
--The French lose, and Vietnam is split in 2
(Ho Chi Minh)
Ngo Dinh Diem
Monks burned themselves in protest
--U.S. gets involved (Domino Theory)
--Long and violent struggle
USSR wanted to spread
communism throughout the world (and
therefore spread its influence)
USA and NATO countries thought
communism threatened their democratic
way of life
Two very powerful countries emerge
after WWII and clash out of fear
of one another
Both the United States and the
USSR had the capability to destroy
one another with nuclear weapons,
U.S. supports anti-communist regimes
in Latin America (Nicaragua and Guatemala)
Civil War breaks out and human rights
violations are committed by both communist
and anti-communist (U.s. supported) leaders
U.S. wanted to counter
Soviet influence over Iran
Backfired--Iran resents U.S.
involvement and elects
leads to a hostage crisis
involving Americans being
help captive for 444 days
The Soviets invaded, trying to make Afghanistan communist.
The U.S. funds Mujahideen, a Muslim resistance force against communism
A bloody civil war lasts 10 years
End of the War...
Mikhail Gorbachev takes
over the USSR in the 1980s
meaning openness and reform of the economy,
involving more free market ideas
In 1989, the Berlin Wall comes down
In 1991, the USSR falls and many countries
in Eastern Europe gain their independence
After WWII, Truman wanted to...
1) Help rebuild Europe
2) Contain communism
Americans feared the Domino Effect--once
one nation falls to communism, many will follow.