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An exegetical study of Ecclesiastes by Ariana, Merissa, Danielle, and Ashley.

Ashley Evans

on 21 April 2010

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Transcript of Ecclesiastes

Ecclesiastes by Ashley, Danielle, Ariana, and Merissa Word Studies "Vanities"
Used thirty times
Hebrew word Ibh
Meaning:vapor, breath, nothing, useless, emptiness, or dilusion
Appears many times throughout Jeremiah, Psalms, and Job "Wisdom"
Used 25 times
Hebrew word Chokmah
Meaning:skill in war, shrewdness, administrative wisdom, prudence in religious affairs, ethics

Hebrew word Sha'owl
Meaning:without the praise of God, hell, where the wicked were sent, the abode of the dead
Ecclesiastes frequently mentions the afterlife "Fear"
Used 8 times
Hebrew word yare
Meaning:to stand in awe of, revere, respect
Used five times as "fear God"
Used 17 times
Hebrew word kaciyl
Meaning:stupid fellow, dullard, simpleton, arrogant one
Much harsher term during that time
Sentence Structure
Historical Background Cultural Background
Literary Context Book Study Class Application Simple synonymous parallelism 9:11
"I have seen something else under the sun:
The race is not to the swift
or the battle to the strong,
nor does food come to the wise
or wealth to the brilliant
or favor to the learned;but time and chance happen to them all 1:2
"Meaningless! Meaningless!
says the Teacher.
Utterly meaningless!
Everything is meaningless." Antithetic Parallelism 7:14
"When times are good, be happy;
but when times are bad, consider:
God has made the one
as well as the other.
Therefore, a man cannot discover
anything about his future." 3:2-8
"a time to be born and a time to die,
a time to plant and a time to uproot,
a time to kill and a time to heal,
a time to tear down and a time to build,
a time to weep and a time to laugh,
a time to mourn and a time to dance,
a time to scatter stones and a time to gather them,
a time to embrace and a time to refrain,
a time to search and a time to give up,
a time to keep and a time to throw away,
a time to tear and a time to mend,
a time to be silent and a time to speak,
a time to love and a time to hate,
a time for war and a time for peace." Synthetic Parallelism 1:3-7
"What does a man gain from all his labor
at which he toils under the sun?
Generations come and generations go,
but the earth remains forever.
The sun rises and the sun sets,
and hurries back to where it rises.
The wind blows to the south
and turns to the north;
Round and round it goes,
ever returning on its course.
All streams flow into the sea,
yet the sea is never full.
To the place the streams come from,
there they return again." 1:9
"What has been will be again,
what has been done will be done again;
there is nothing new under the sun." Key Themes Every human endeavor without God at the center of one's life is meaningless. Self-centered pursuits such as pleasure, work, self-achievement, and even the pursuit of wisdom, are all worthless since life is an endless cycle from birth to death, all these things will not carry into eternity, and both the righteous and wicked will be judged someday. Since these are all meaningless pursuits, we must focus our lives on God and his will, and enjoy the work and the lot in this life that he has given us. In conclusion, since we do not know what our future holds, or even what eternity will truly look like, we must trust and revere God in our youth and into the rest of our lives. Ecclesiastes provides a significant foundation for our class and individual walks in general, with its focus on the importance of the Lord at the first place in our lives. Whether we are doing homework, attending class, studying and interpreting Scripture, or working at our jobs, we must remember that our human efforts alone will never satisfy us; only God at the center will Thus, as followers of Christ we must strive to do everything to the best of our ability, no matter how simple or difficult the task is, and seek to enjoy the blessings given to us in this life, while seeking our Creator whole heartedly This will help us have a God-centered view that will aid us in our study of Scriptures and prevent us from a self-centered view based on presuppositions of his Word, that leads us to false-hermeneutics. Thus as we enjoy his blessings, keep him as our source, and move away from self-centeredness we can truly live out a meaningful life. who thinks they know who the author of Ecclesiastes is? The real name of the actual author is actually not given. Verse 1 mentions "teacher", "son of David", and "King of Jerusalem", and it has been suggested that this refers to Solomon. Many scholars believe Ecclesiastes was not written by Solomon, but actually a teacher (refered to as Qoheleth). Little information is known about this teacher except that he is described as wise and also a fool. It is possible the writer was actually an editor for a teacher. Date:
It is assumed that he wrote Ecclesiastes at the end of his life, but there is no clear date. It is most likely written in the middle of the 3rd Century BC (225-250 BC). Audience:
Ecclesiastes was written most likely to the wealthy elite of ancient Israel. They had access to literature, political power, wealth, and higher status. The middle of the 3rd century was known for its Hellenistic influence as well as the Ptolemies. It was a time of political, economic, and social changes as well. An increase of importing and exporting was taking place as well as a growing popularity for isolationism rather than community. The cultural background is also evidence that Ecclesiastes was written during this time. Genre Wisdom:man's search for God through coherent elements of the universe Classification: Reflections Biblical humanism Surrounded by the books:
Proverbs-Ecclesiastes-Song of Songs
Solomon was one of the authors of Proverbs and is assumed to be the author of Song of Songs. Literary Figurative language:
Metaphor-Ecc 6:7 "All man's efforts are for his mouth, yet his appetite is never satisfied."

Hyperbole- Ecc 8:9 "All this I saw, as I applied my mind to everything done under the sun." Language is a late form of Hebrew (language of the Mishnah) THE END!
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