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Chapter 22

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by

Lisa French

on 16 April 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 22

III. CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR HAIR REMOVAL SERVICES - contraindication is any condition or disease that makes an indicated treatment or medication inadvisable. Facial waxing or tweezing should not be performed on clients with these conditions.
A. CONTRAINDICATIONS
1. Isotretinoin use in the past six months
2. Blood thinning medications
3. Drugs for autoimmune diseases Such as lupus
4. Predisone or steroids

I. HAIR REMOVAL
A. WOMEN ARE PRIMARY CLIENTS - Services include: brows, upper lip, face, arms, legs, bikini lines, etc.
B. MALE CLIENTS - Hair removal is on the rise for men; they may want it removed from their back, shoulders, nape, and chests. If they compete in sports like bicycling and swimming, it may facilitate faster competition times.
C. HIRSUTIES
Also known as hypertrichosis; it refers to the growth of hair on body parts that normally bear only downy hair.
B. HEALTH SCREENING FORM
1. Discloses medications
2. Discloses allergies

C. RELEASE FORM This should be signed prior to the hair removal service. It reminds the client to be totally honest in his or her disclosures.
D. TWO CATEGORIES OF REMOVAL
1. Permanent
2. Temporary
II. CLIENT CONSULTATION The main purpose of the consultation is to determine the presence of any contraindications for hair removal.
A. QUESTIONNAIRE Each client should complete a detailed questionnaire
that discloses significant personal information prior to receiving a hair removal service.
1. Disclose medications Both topical and oral
2. Known skin disorders or allergies
Chapter 22
Hair removal

5. Psoriasis, eczema Or other chronic skin diseases
6. Sunburn
7. Presence of pustules or papules In the area to be waxed
8. Recent cosmetic/reconstructive surgery
9. Recent laser skin treatment
10. Severe varicose veins
11. Other questionable conditions

B. CONTRAINDICAITONS FOR FACIAL WAXING
1. Rosacea or very sensitive skin
2. History of fever blisters or cold sores
3. Recent chemical peel Using glycolic, salicylic, or other acid-based products
4. Recent microdermabrasion
5. Use of exfoliating topical meds Such as topical medication, including Retin-A, Renova, Tazorac, Differin, Azelex, or an other medical peeling agent
6. Recent laser skin treatment
7. Use of hydroquinone Used for skin lightening

III. CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR HAIR REMOVAL SERVICES - contraindication is any condition or disease that makes an indicated treatment or medication inadvisable. Facial waxing or tweezing should not be performed on clients with these conditions.
A. CONTRAINDICATIONS
1. Isotretinoin use in the past six months
2. Blood thinning medications
3. Drugs for autoimmune diseases Such as lupus
4. Predisone or steroids

G. SUGARING
This is an epilator treatment that produces the same
results as hot or cold wax. It involves the use of a
thick, sugar-based paste and is especially appropriate
for more sensitive skin types. The residue is then
removed by dissolving it with warm water.

F. THREADING
This is a temporary method of hair removal practiced
in many Eastern cultures; it involves the
manipulation of cotton thread, which is twisted
and rolled along the skin surface, entwining the
hair in the thread and lifting it form the follicle.
The method requires specialized training.

E. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
1. To prevent burns, test the wax temperature.
2. Avoid wax contact with eyes.
3. Do not apply over warts, moles, abrasions, or irritated or infl amed
skin. Do not remove hair protruding from a mole.
4. Use cold wax on sensitive underarm skin.
5. Apply aloe gel to calm and soothe redness or swelling on sensitive skin.
D. EPILATORS Remove hair by pulling it out from the bottom of the follicle
1. Wax, hot or cold Made primarily from resins and beeswax
2. Applied to brows, cheeks, chin, upper lip, arms, and legs. On male clients, they may be used to remove hair on the back and nape of the neck. Hair should be at least ¼ to 2 inches (.6 to 5 cm) long for waxing to
be effective. Do not remove vellus (lanugo) hair.

C. DEPILATORIES - A substance, usually a caustic alkali preparation,
used for the temporary removal of superfluous hair
by dissolving at the skin level
1. Contain detergents to strip sebum from hair
2. Contain adhesives to hold chemicals to hair shaft for 5–10 minutes
3. Hair expands and disulfide bonds break and are destroyed. Chemicals like sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, thioglycolate acid, or calcium thioglycolate are used to destroy bonds.
4. If performed in the salon, conduct a patch test.
B. TWEEZING
This is commonly used to shape eyebrows and
remove undesirable hairs from around the mouth
and chin. The natural arch of the eyebrow follows
the orbital bone, or the curved line of the eye socket.
Conduct a client consultation prior to the service to
avoid mistakes and ensure client satisfaction.

V. TEMPORARY METHODS OF HAIR REMOVAL - These methods may be offered in the salon or spa.
A. SHAVING Quick and convenient
1. Men’s facial hair
2. Women’s legs and underarms
3. Can result in irritation, ingrown hairs, and nicks from the blade. An electric clipper can be used to remove unwanted hair at the nape of the neck.


C. LASER HAIR REMOVAL A laser beam is pulsed on the skin, impairing the
hair follicle.
1. Rapid removal of unwanted hair
2. Best if hair is in the anagen phase
3. Coarse, dark hair responds best. For some, the laser method brings permanent results. For others regrowth is slowed down.
4. Requires specialized training State law determines who is allowed to perform the service.
B. PHOTO-EPILATION Also known as Intense Pulsed Light (IPL), the treatment uses intense light to destroy hair follicles.
1. Minimal side effects
2. Requires no needles Eliminates the risk of infection
3. Can clear 50 to 60 percent of hair in 12 weeks
4. Administered by cosmetologists and estheticians. The state law determines who can perform it. Training is generally provided by the manufacturer of the photo-epilation equipment.
IV. PERMANENT HAIR REMOVAL Includes electrolysis, photo-epilation, and laser hair removal
A. ELECTROLYSIS This is the removal of hair by means of an electric current that destroys the root of the hair. The current is applied with a fine, needle-shaped electrode. The electrode is inserted into the hair follicle.
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