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Archetypal Criticism

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Arti Patel

on 14 July 2012

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Transcript of Archetypal Criticism

Archetypal Criticism Book of Lost Things Chronicles of Narnia Analysis David: Hero
Path to unknown world to discover more about self First pack of wolves: Threshold Gaurdian
Encountered immediately after new world Mother's Voice: Herald
Begins David on a journey Crooked Man: Shape shifter, Shadow, Trickster David's Archetype "Thus David prevailed over (Goliath) with a sling and a stone, but there was no sword in David's hand." David encounters enemies far larger than him Mother's voice: god Aslan has just been killed
Lucy and Susan are mourning his death at dawn
Aslan is resurrected
Aslan describes the magic that rules Narnia Themes Theme of immortality
Aslan is resurrected
Narnia is resurrected from the rule of the White Witch Theme of creation
Aslan described the deep magic that created Narnia Theme of the hero's journey
Children become heroes in Narnia Symbols "the girls noticed...the white face of the other"
(the color white) "the wood behind them" (presence of trees) "the sky began to turn red" (the color red) "the red turned to gold" (rising sun) "looking towards the sea" (presence of water) "White Witch" (the color white) Characters Archetypal Analysis Aslan
Jesus, the sacrificial scapegoat
The Wise Old Man Peter, Susan, Edmund, Lucy
Heroes of Narnia
Coming-ofAge The White Witch
The terrible mother Conclusion Archetypes: Perfect Examples Present throughout Book of Lost Things David vs. Goliath theme Happy Ending (Hero triumphs) Chronicles of Narnia archetype Introduction "We like our archetypes and heroes to be what they are at face value. And life doesn't work out like that."-Laura Dern An archetype can be dreamed but can it be achieved? Original models are not always the ideal examples despite the fact that they both define archeytype Archetypal Criticism The analysis of a piece of literature the the examination of archetypes and archetypal patterns. Argues that archetypes determine the form and funtion of literary works , that a text's meaning is shaped by cultural and psychological myths. Archetype An original model or pattern from which other later copies are made, especially a character, an action or situation that seems to represent common patterns of human life. They often include a symbol, a theme, a setting, or a character that some critics think have a common meaning in an entire culture. They recur in different times and places in myth, literature, fold tales, fairy tales, dreams, artwork, and religious rituals. History The term "archetype" first began appearing in European literature around 1545 The Greek roots of the word are arkhe- meaning original and -typos meaning model Archetypal hypothesis dates as far back as Plato whose beliefs on archetypes were used by philosophers later Finally, the man who is believed to have advanced the belief in archeypes the furthest is Carl Jung Carl Jung
1875-1961 Skilled psychiatrist who changed the ways of psychology today Started his own school of psychology in 1912 He theorized that the archetype originates in the collective unconscious of mankind For example, the shared experiences of a race or fulture, such as birth, death, love, family life, and struggles to survive and grow up. Examples Romeo and Juliet: Ideal example of a love story Original model of an amusement park: Disney World Ideal superhero:
Superman Mr Palmquist: The ideal English teacher! Examples cont'd Recurring Themes:
Forbidden love
Particide Recurring Characters
Ugly witches who cannibalize children
The wise old man or teacher
The helpless old lady
The bully
The villian Symbolic Colors
Green for life or vegetation
Blue for water or tranquility
Red for fire, blood, or passion Recurring images
the rose
The lion, snake or eagle
Dirtiness or cleanliness Charcter Archetypes The hero- the one who saves the day The outcast- the one who has been cast out from society The scapegoat the one who is blamed for all the problems The star-crossed lovers- the young lovers who long to be together but have something keeping them apart Archetypal Critics Find New Criticism too simple in ignoring intertextual elements They argue that meaning cannot exist solely on the page of a work, nor can that work be treated as an independent entity Analysis cont'd Crooked man Example of trickster Comes off as bad Eventually gets defeated Hero figure discovers his flaws Hero wins David represents a hero He overcomes all of his disadvantages and succeeds
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