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geriatric care

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Donovan yang

on 22 November 2013

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Transcript of geriatric care

Geriatric Care
By:Adam and Donovan
Gerontology & Geriatric care
Gerontology: The study of the aged or old age and treatment of related diseases and conditions.
Myths and Facts

Why is it important for a health care worker to differentiate between myths and facts of aging?

It is important so the care workers understand the elders need according to their condition, instead of worrying about false myths.

Two physical changes of aging in body systems
Facts:
Old is not determined by age lived
many individuals are still active into their 80's & 90's
studies have shown that most elderly live with someone and are socially active with friends or family.
Myths:
Anyone over a certain set age, such as 79, is "old"
Elderly Individuals don't want to work- retirement, and loss of interest in workfield.
Older people are Unhappy and lonely
Ombudsman Role
Is a specially trained individual who works with the elderly and their families, health care providers, and other concerned individuals to improve quality of care and quality of life.
Reality Orientation Program
Consists of activities that help promote awareness of person, place, and time.
(Example) Program maintaining a constant limited route, and remind them the year and day; As well other personal important information.
Ten methods of providing care to the elderly person
1. Mild soap use since many soaps cause dryness in the skin.

2. Frequently applying bath oils or lanolin lotions to combat against dry skin.

3. Any signs or sores that don't heal should receive medical help.

4. A clean proper diet, exercise, good hygiene, and sun exposure can decrease the normal physical changes.

5. Being aware of the environment for the elderly so they can be safe, for ex. Grabbing bars in bathroom, handrails, automatic doorslide.

6. When the sense of balance is poor support by wheelchairs, and flat shoes.

7. A hearing aid for increased noise performance.

8. Elderly individuals should avoid excercise when experiencing circulatory changes.

9. Proper eye care of prescription/lenses (medical treatmet), and proper or lighting can all improve vision.

10. When teeth are damaged or dysphagia occurs, Good oral hygien or repair/replacement can help
Integumentary System
1. Oil and sweat glands become less active.
2. Circulation to skin decrease cause dryness and poor healing tissue.
Musculoskeletal System
1. Gradual loss in height and decrease in mobility.
2. Muscles lose tone, volume, and strenght.
Respiratory system
1. Cause the elderly individuals to experience dyspnea.
2. Difficult breathing.

Circulatory system
1. Numbness in the hands.
2. Rapid heart rate and dizziness
Nervous system
1. Memory loss
2. Senses taste, smell, and etc.
Digestive system
1. Teeth are lost.
2. Difficulty swallowing
Urinary system
1. Kidneys decreases in size.
2. Urinate frequently.
Endocrine system
1. Immune system is less effective
2. More prone to disease
Reproductive
1. Production of sperm in Men
2. Thinning of vaginal walls in Women
Geriatric care: care provided to elderly individuals
Cultural and Religious differences
-Culture (Values, beliefs, ideas)- Creates differences for individuals, so the health care worker must learn their likes, dislikes, and beliefs; To accept and respect their "needs".
-Religion Differences (spiritual beliefs and practices of individual)- Affecting the lifestyles of an individual, a healthcare worker must accept the individuals beliefs without bias; as well not forcing their religious beliefs on them.

-Showing Respect and consideration of religion may include a bible for the elderly to read.
Psychosocial changes In Aging
"Psychological and Social Changes"
Reasons:
- Social Relationships
- Work and Retirement
-Living Environment
-Independence
- Disease and Disability
Methods To Assist
1: Elderly can replace work and retirement with volunteering in the community.

2: Elderly can Participate in new community groups or church activites

3: Allowing individuals to create their own "home" environment in long-Term-facilities.

4: Allow elderly as much "independent" care as possible when in presence of care provider.

5: Support & listen to the elderly when they are in a low-state of mind(loss of functions, disabled, fear of death, etc.)

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