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CLAUSES

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by

Mariano Paniagua Olivo

on 31 October 2014

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Transcript of CLAUSES

CLAUSES
Adjective, adverb and noun
clauses in a sentence

CLAUSE

vs. PHRASE

A clause is a group of related words containing a
subject
and
a
verb.


It is different from a
phrase
in that a phrase does not include a subject and a verb relationship.
INDEPENDENT CLAUSES
A clause that can stand by itself and still make sense.

It can be its OWN sentence, or be part of a large one:
Jerry wants to be the goalkeeper this week.

(Simple sentence)


Jerry wants to be the goalkeeper this week, but Jimmy thinks he will be.

(Compound sentence)
DEPENDENT CLAUSES
A clause that
cannot stand
by itself.

It depends on
something else
, an independent clause, for its meaning.

Dependent clauses are also called
subordinate clauses.
DEPENDENT CLAUSES
Examples:
While the kangaroo crossed the road the tourists stayed inside their cars.
The man who is coaching that team is my father.
What the team needs now is a championship!
Subordinate clauses can act as adjectives, adverbs or nouns.
RELATIVE CLAUSE
Subordinate clause.
Modifies a
noun
or
pronoun.
Begins with a
relative pronoun.

RELATIVE
PRONOUNS
Who/ whoever.
Whom/ whomever.
Whose.
Which.
What/ whatever.
That.
Where.
When.
RELATIVE CLAUSE EXAMPLES
Men
who are in the cooking contest
should know how to make chili.


Biology is the course (that) my uncle teaches.
WATCH OUT! SOMETIMES 'THAT' COULD BE OMITTED.
ADVERB CLAUSES
Subordinate clause.
Modifies a
verb, adverb
or
adjective.
Tells:
how, when, where, why, to what extent and under what condition.
Introduced by a
subordinating conjunction.
SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS
After
As through
Although
As
As if
As long as
As soon as
Because
Before
Even though
If
In order that
Since
So that
Than
Though
Unless
Until
When
Whenever
Where
Wherever
Whether
While
ADVERB CLAUSE
EXAMPLES
Because it was raining,
we came inside.



We went to the football game
after we ate dinner.
NOUN CLAUSES
A noun clause is a subordinate clause that functions as a noun.

It can do anything a noun can do:

Subject, Predicate Nominative, Direct Object, Indirect Object, Object of the Preposition.
NOUN CLAUSES
Words that introduce noun clauses are:
How, if, that, what, whatever, when, where, whether, which, who, whoever, whom, whomever, whose, why.
Examples:
The big question is
whether he'll finish the marathon.
Everyone knows
that Tim runs at least a mile every day.
DON'T FORGET
THE POSITION RULES!

If the clause
begins
the sentence =
ADVERB or NOUN

If the clause
follows
a noun =
USUALLY ADJECTIVE

If the clause follows the
verb
=
ADVERB OR NOUN
TRANSITIVE VERBS
MONOTRANSITIVE VERBS
S + V + OD
DITRANSITIVE VERBS
COMPLEX TRANSITIVE
S + V + OD & OI
S + V + OD + OC or
S + V + OD + AC
INTRANSITIVE VERBS
S + V (only) [+ A]
COPULAR/ LINKING VERBS
S + V + CS
Principal Linking Verb is the verb TO BE.
OTHER COMMON LINKING VERBS
Appear
Become
Seem
Feel
Get
Look
Sound
THANKS
FOR
SHARING!
Mariano
Fernando
Alejandro
DEPENDENT CLAUSES
FINITE
NON-FINITE
Adverbials

Nominal Clauses

Relative Clauses

Comparative Clauses
-Ing

To (inf)

-Ed
Full transcript