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Transcript of CLAUSES
Adjective, adverb and noun
clauses in a sentence
A clause is a group of related words containing a
It is different from a
in that a phrase does not include a subject and a verb relationship.
A clause that can stand by itself and still make sense.
It can be its OWN sentence, or be part of a large one:
Jerry wants to be the goalkeeper this week.
Jerry wants to be the goalkeeper this week, but Jimmy thinks he will be.
A clause that
It depends on
, an independent clause, for its meaning.
Dependent clauses are also called
While the kangaroo crossed the road the tourists stayed inside their cars.
The man who is coaching that team is my father.
What the team needs now is a championship!
Subordinate clauses can act as adjectives, adverbs or nouns.
Begins with a
RELATIVE CLAUSE EXAMPLES
who are in the cooking contest
should know how to make chili.
Biology is the course (that) my uncle teaches.
WATCH OUT! SOMETIMES 'THAT' COULD BE OMITTED.
how, when, where, why, to what extent and under what condition.
Introduced by a
As long as
As soon as
In order that
Because it was raining,
we came inside.
We went to the football game
after we ate dinner.
A noun clause is a subordinate clause that functions as a noun.
It can do anything a noun can do:
Subject, Predicate Nominative, Direct Object, Indirect Object, Object of the Preposition.
Words that introduce noun clauses are:
How, if, that, what, whatever, when, where, whether, which, who, whoever, whom, whomever, whose, why.
The big question is
whether he'll finish the marathon.
that Tim runs at least a mile every day.
THE POSITION RULES!
If the clause
the sentence =
ADVERB or NOUN
If the clause
a noun =
If the clause follows the
ADVERB OR NOUN
S + V + OD
S + V + OD & OI
S + V + OD + OC or
S + V + OD + AC
S + V (only) [+ A]
COPULAR/ LINKING VERBS
S + V + CS
Principal Linking Verb is the verb TO BE.
OTHER COMMON LINKING VERBS