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Copy of Constructing Hegemony: Patriotic United Front on the Youths

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Kay Lam

on 12 November 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Constructing Hegemony: Patriotic United Front on the Youths

Constructing Hegemony: Patriotic United Front on the Youths in Post-handover Hong Kong


LAM Chi Yan
November, 2013

The United Front: Its Origin, Operation and Political Significance



- The United Front - Meaning, Functions and Characteristics
- The United Front in Mainland China
- The United Front in Hong Kong
- Limitations of Academic Discussion


Research Questions and Arguments
Detail 3
Theoretical Framework
Detail 4
Methodology, Research Contributions and Limitations
The United Front: Meaning
The CCP's relationship with the society managed through "alliance-cum-struggle": A supportive majority to mobilize, a wavering middle to neturalize, and an enemy to defeat
Characterized by Communist leadership
United Front in Mainland China
The relevance of Marxism, United Front as a means to class revolution (1949-1979)
The Patriotic United Front (1979 onwards)
United Front in Hong Kong
Pragmatically driven and inclusive so as not to sensitize the targets
Three interrelated objectives of the CPGLO
More innovative carriers such as exchange tour
Limitations of Academic Discussion
Co-optative perspective: Only captured some aspects of the United Front
Policy-making perspective: The United Front as inroad to HK people's cultural identity, contested relations between policy implementers
Historical perspective: In-depth case studies on how the CCP persuades its targets in HK
Research Questions
What are the patriotic discourses constructed by members of the pro-China organizations
What are the discursive strategies used by members of the organizations to construct patriotic discourses?
In what ways are these organizations politically connected to the CPGLO?
How patriotic discourses constructed by the three pro-China organizations correspond to/ differ from those constructed by the CPGLO?
Research Arguments
The United Front is a governing strategy of the CPGLO to structure its relationship with the HK society through (1) establishing political connections with the pro-China organizations and (2) transmitting patriotic discourses
Patriotic Discourses constructed by members of the pro-China organizations exhibit characteristics of a hegemonic discourse
Members' patriotic discourse correspond to official patriotism, but retain a certain level of autonomy in giving narratives to particular events
Case selection and Research methods

Discourse analysis
Case study
Case selection:
Target participant/ membership of the organization
Personal connection and familiarity
Sources:
Interviews
Secondary Sources
Field Observations
Research Significance: Theoretical significance
Theoretical significance
Draws together and reviews a number of traditions on discourse
Examines Laclau and Mouffe's post-Marxist approach to discourse analysis and response to possible challenges
Supplements Laclau and Mouffe's model with other analytical frameworks
Explores various empirical materials for discourse investigation
Empirical Significance
Inadequacy in local literature on the United Front
Possible implications of United Front to HK
Contradictions within the pro-China camp
Limitations
No official data on the network of pro-China organizations in HK
Unable to explore all connections of each pro-China organization with the CPGLO and its position in the United Front network
Analysis is only based on the proclaimed identity of the respondents
Unable to explore all the historical and structural conditions that lead to the emergence and circulation of patriotic discourses in the organizations
Findings
(1) The respondents establish similar principles as the "baseline" for being "patriotic" in the context of HK
(2) Hegemonic discourse: Construction of a collective identity based on ethnicity and myths, with the interest of the CCP incarnate to represent the collective and "negation" as the condition for stablizing internal differences
(3) Regular political connections between the organizations and the CPGLO
(4) Negotiation of discourse on particular events
(5) Variations within and across organizations
Implications
(1) The role played by pro-China organizations in stablizing Chinese governance in HK
(2) The possibility of clash between China's United Front work and the emergence of political subjectivity in HK
(3) The possibility of resisting hegemonic pressure: the inner contradictions of the pro-China camp and the contingency of meaning
Laclau and Mouffe's discourse-theoretical model
The discursive component of reality and discourse as a source of power
Formal technique deployed in the construction of hegemonic discourse
The contingency of meaning
Full transcript