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The Ecology of the Spoken Word Background Information
Transcript of The Ecology of the Spoken Word Background Information
The Ecology of the Spoken Word
Relation of Literacy to Origins of Our Species (the Humans)
The BOOK AND COMPANION Website
There have been 100 or so literature traditions in human history (production and consumption of texts like books).
Oral versus Literate Cultures
Orality is for "primitives"
Stereotypes about Orality
Source: John Miles Foley (2002), How to Read an Oral Poem, University of Illinois Press.
Today there are approximately 78 literate traditions in the modern world
There are over 7,100 known languages whose speakers practice orality and storytelling
Many of these languages and their traditions are in the process of disappearing
Once people are exposed to literacy, they embrace it and drop orality
Orality is less complex than literacy
Orality is non-textual and oral cultures don't have "writing"