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Unit 1: First Humans and the Rise of Civilization
Transcript of Unit 1: First Humans and the Rise of Civilization
Rise of Civilization
Universe Pops up
Evolution of Man
Sun and Earth Created
It is important for us to understand chronology of events and have a solid background of information from which to create our understanding of history.
What should we look at to give us a better understanding of chronology and background?
In this class we will only be concentrating on the stuff right in here.
Create a brief two-part cartoon strip that shows one way that a major invention changed people’s lives.
In the past...
In the past...
Have you ‘herd’ about pastoralism?
The DOMESTICATION of plants and animals had a huge impact on early human life.
Spurred the development of farming/agriculture which includes both:
Humans no longer had to solely rely on hunting and gathering.
A Jump Forward
Domestication of Plants and Animals
With a stable method of producing food, farmers began to produce a surplus, or "more than enough."
SURPLUS FOOD PRODUCTION
mean for a society?
Prior to farming, population size in any one area was limited by the availability of wild game, grain, berries, seeds, and nuts.
Farming and the large, relatively dependable crops it provides allowed for a significant increase in population size and density.
Timeline of the Universe
With a food surplus, that means that not everyone has to grow food or tend animals.
They can take on other tasks. They can specialize in some non-farming task.
What do these civilizations have in common?
Why do you think they became culture hearths?
Lucy was a
She could use her hands for all sorts of new things!
Part human, part ape.
Found in Eastern Africa
by Donald Johanson
AKA "Handy Man"
Found in Africa
Began using crude stone tools.
Why does that matter?
Was a bit taller.
Began living a working in groups.
Latin for "Southern Ape"
AKA "Upright Man"
First to migrate out of Africa
Lived in larger groups.
Used more complex tools.
AKA Neanderthal Man
Lived in Africa, Europe, and Western Asia
Short, stocky, strong
Large brains, skilled toolmakers
Developed communities; buried the dead
AKA Doubley Wise Man
Better toolmakers and hunters
Created artwork and musical instruments