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Unit 1: First Humans and the Rise of Civilization

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by

Tony Starks

on 24 August 2016

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Transcript of Unit 1: First Humans and the Rise of Civilization

Early Humans
and the
Rise of Civilization

Universe Pops up
Big Bang!
13 Billion
4.6 Billion
220 Million
65 Million
4 Million
1.8 Million
2 Million
230,000
150,000
Evolution of Man
Dino-gonus
Dinosaurs Rule!
Sun and Earth Created
Today
It is important for us to understand chronology of events and have a solid background of information from which to create our understanding of history.

What should we look at to give us a better understanding of chronology and background?
Creating Context
In this class we will only be concentrating on the stuff right in here.
Preview
Create a brief two-part cartoon strip that shows one way that a major invention changed people’s lives.
Directions:
In the past...
But today...
In the past...
But today...
Have you ‘herd’ about pastoralism?
The DOMESTICATION of plants and animals had a huge impact on early human life.

Spurred the development of farming/agriculture which includes both:
Pastoralism
Crop Growing

Humans no longer had to solely rely on hunting and gathering.
A Jump Forward
Domestication of Plants and Animals
Food Surplus
With a stable method of producing food, farmers began to produce a surplus, or "more than enough."
Food Surplus
What does
SURPLUS FOOD PRODUCTION
mean for a society?
Permanent Shelters
Population
Intensification
Job Specialization
Trade
Civilizations
Prior to farming, population size in any one area was limited by the availability of wild game, grain, berries, seeds, and nuts.

Farming and the large, relatively dependable crops it provides allowed for a significant increase in population size and density.
Population Intensification
Timeline of the Universe
Job Specialization
With a food surplus, that means that not everyone has to grow food or tend animals.

They can take on other tasks. They can specialize in some non-farming task.
What do these civilizations have in common?
Why do you think they became culture hearths?
Nile River
Tigris River
Euphrates River
Indus River
Huang River
Lucy was a
Biped
She could use her hands for all sorts of new things!
Short.
Small Brain
Part human, part ape.
AKA "Lucy"
Found in Eastern Africa
by Donald Johanson
3-
AKA "Handy Man"
Found in Africa
Began using crude stone tools.
Why does that matter?
Was a bit taller.
Began living a working in groups.
Latin for "Southern Ape"
1.5-
AKA "Upright Man"
200,000-
First to migrate out of Africa
Fire!
Taller
Lived in larger groups.
Used more complex tools.
30,000 -
AKA Neanderthal Man
Lived in Africa, Europe, and Western Asia
Short, stocky, strong
Large brains, skilled toolmakers
Developed communities; buried the dead
AKA Doubley Wise Man
Today -
Better toolmakers and hunters
Created artwork and musical instruments
Full transcript