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Transcript of BRITISH MONARCHY
When Britain wins a battle
she shouts, God save the Queen;
when she loses,
she votes down the prime minister.
SIGNIFICANCE FOR THE NATION
Even nowadays people still keep in mind proverbs and sayings from the previous centuries that mirror common attitude toward the monarchy:
Impact of the Royal Family members on the monarchy imageзз
March 27, 2015
ROLE, IMAGE AND SIGNIFICANCE FOR THE NATION
QUICK LOOK ON MODERN BRITISH MONARCHY
CONSTITUTIONAL ROLE OF THE MONARCH
Australian Prime Minister
Canadian Prime Minister
Ex-British Prime Minister
, who believes the
'monarchy is adaptable'
...and many others...
of the nation)
are in favor of
a referendum on becoming a Republic
to be legally referred to as
Prof. John Dearlove
'a raft of people who are paid out of the civil list' .
REPRESENTATIVE DUTIES MIGHT ИBE THE MOST
The Queen receives foreign ambassadors
Her Majesty entertains
visiting Heads of States
She makes State visits overseas to other countries,
in support of
diplomatic and economic relations representing Britain worldwide.
And she is a much better traveller than both you and me because...
Her long service has seen her make around 261 official overseas
visits to 129 different countries.
Her first Commonwealth royal tour alone covered
The Queen has graced
Australia 15 times,
Canada 23 times,
and Jamaica 6 times.
Her Majesty might have visited more countries than both you and me
NON-CONSTITUTIONAL ROLE OF THE CROWN
Queen Elizabeth II might travel with much more style than both you and me...
The Royal Train comes
loaded with private chefs, lace-trimmed pillows,
and a strict
‘no-bumpy track’ rule
for the duration of
the Queen’s 7.30am bath.
She gets much better souvenirs than you and me
Amongst myriad exotic gifts,
Her Majesty has taken receipt of
Jaguars and Sloths from Brazil
and a pair of
black beavers from Canada.
The Queen can send them on to London Zoo, which also makes Her Majesty
the world’s worst-offending re-gifter.
CHARITY WORK OF THE CROWN
DOES THE TRAVELLER MATTER FOR THE STATE?
The Queen hosts garden parties to which guests from all backgrounds are invited, most of whom are nominated by charities and public sector organizations.
supports service to others through financing the voluntary and charitable sector
list a member of the Royal Family as patron or president. The
Queen has over 600 patronages and The Duke of Edinburgh over 700.
Global travelling of the Queen,
though being costly,
raises the profile of the nation
attracts the interest of the
foreign public and the media
as well as creates
image of apolitical continuity.
The Royal family
is known as
'The house of Windsor'
while it could be referred to
unless Queen Elizabeth's grandfather
had changed the family name during
the First World War so
not to have a
The House of Windsor
IS THE UK DEMOCRATIC?
Though the monarchy lost its absolute power in 1688 and the monarch does open the parliament each autumn,
the government belongs to the monarch, but not the people.
In fact, there is no legal concept of "the people" at all.
Officially, the Brits are all
"servants of the Crown"
and are legally described as
(of her Majesty the Queen)
There are no restrictions on whom
as well as so other 100 ministers.
If she gets fed up with the ministers, she can dismiss them.
It's she who summons
and dissolves it before a general election .
WHAT IS PARLIAMENTARY MONARCHY ?
September 11, 2015
, Queen Elizabeth II will become Britain’s
longest reigning monarch
Queen Victoria’s reign of
63 years and 213 days.
September 11, 2015 is special for the Crown...
THE HEAD OF THE COMMONWEALTH?
OF THE MONARCH
When the Queen opens the new session of parliament each autumn she reads a speech saying what her government wants to do.
it – the
Queen Elizabeth does not make her opinions known on political issues.
She has been very careful to tread a correct path here.
has the right to refuse to sign
Here is a quote
from the government’s own website
'The Queen can give Royal Assent in person but this has not happened since 1854.
The Queen’s agreement to give her assent to a Bill is a formality.'
If the monarch has given up signing the Bills, then who does it?
a) to make war, peace, treaties
b) to summon and dissolve parliament
c) to appoint, remove and replace the PM, to be consulted by PM as well as to "advise and warn".
d) powers to confer peerages, knighthoods and other honours.
e) to appoint Judges, Civil Servants,
Magistrates, Councillors and
Commanders in the Armed Forces.
having lost the State's sovereignty
letting Ted Heath to sign
the European Communities Act 1972
and then five further
treaties with the European Union
which made British law inferior to any UN law.
Though British monarch has no power to make legislation, executive powers are retained:
The monarch also represents the British Armed Forces (
as the commander
British soldiers swear allegiance to the Crown
rather than to the state)
The British monarch is also
the Governor of the Church of England.
AS THE SYMBOL OF NATIONAL IDENTITY
OR "THE HEAD OF THE NATION"
a focus for national identity, unity and pride;
a sense of stability and continuity;
recognizing success, achievement and excellence
service to others
through public service and the voluntary sector.
The Queen fulfills important social and cultural functions
INTANGIBLE ROLE OF THE CROWN
political parties can change constantly
, the British Monarch continues as the Head of State, providing
a stable framework
within which wide-ranging reforms are introduced by the British government.
With more than five decades of reading State papers, meeting Heads of State and ambassadors and holding a weekly audience with the Prime Minister,
The Queen has an
unequalled store of experience
which successive Prime Ministers have been able
The Queen provides a sense of
stability and continuity
in times of political and social change.
The British Monarch represents
"intelligible" part of the constitution for the average Briton.
The monarchy has an element of
intangible comfort and national identification.
of people in the UK said the monarchy made them
feel more British
which suggests it has important role today.
British monarchy receives
an annual allowance
from the state
to cover staff costs, costs incurred in royal duties and an income component.
However, the British crown is subject to taxation unlike the Dutch monarchy.
However, the Royal Family haven't passed their property into the state ownership
they “own” what is called The Crown Estate.
It’s worth about
£8.1 billion and 85% of the profits go to the treasury
a deal King George III made in 1760.
Originally the deal was that all the money went to the treasury and a fixed budget would be issued but in 2011 they made it a percentage.
Each time a monarch ascends to the throne they make the same deal though it’s more of a formality.
Is British monarchy value for money?
concept of the
constantly changing modern society
views monarchy as relatively influential and adapting to the public needs. The monarch as an "arbiter" prevents the PM from maximizing his "presidential" role and becoming another "monarch".
the ruling elite
utilizing national identification element of the crown to maintain its status quo and the capitalist means of production.
Pareto's classical elite theory of foxes and lions sees the British monarchy as efficient tandem-work of British elites
to retain control over the masses. There are two types of the elite:
'the lions'(would be the monarchy) and the foxes (would be the government).
Thus, the key defense of the British monarchy might be that it presently works and has adapted to the changing social time,
while transition to a republic,
in France and Russia,
have resulted in
If monarchy is attacked by some
as being elitist and out of touch
attempts to install an alternative
system might bring
a new set of problems to deal with.
The UK monarch represents Britain in other organizations such as
British Monarch is officially the Head of State in Australia, Canada, Jamaica, New Zealand, and Barbados.
The Commonwealth which
stop its existence
the British monarch out of the way.
That is why
Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott
is a staunch Monarchists who
block any attempt at Republicanism
on his watch.
Why is the British monarch viewed as
SO, WHAT IS THE QUEEN PAID FOR AS THE HEAD OF STATE?
Some British people blame the Queen,
who swore an Oath to defend
the Constitution of the United Kingdom,
The Queen has the sole right to grant
"Royal Assent" (a rubber stamp)
who come from different government departments.
BRITISH MONARCHY THROUGH THE EYES OF THEORIES
Though republican attitudes might be frequent for the youth of the nation, the majority of the British public support the Crown. Let's see how this phenomenon of the apolitical Head of State can be justified through the "eyes" of various theories:
THE QUEEN PUBLICLY REPRESENTS THE NATION'S MOOD
The Queen publicly represents the national's mood by presiding ceremonial occasions either it's times of national celebrations or tragedies.
The Queen at an annual commemoration of the war dead on Remembrance Sunday
, or at celebrations for a national sporting victory.
The Queen at celebrations for a national sporting victory
In recognition of her interest in the sport, the Queen is Patron of a number of racing societies.
By the way
the queen continues the Royal Family's long association with racing pigeons
which began in 1886. In 1990, one of Elizabeth's birds took part in the Pau race, coming first in the Section 5-th Open.
In times of crisis the monarch can be a focus of the nation’s energies.
This was the most clear during the Second World War, when the king
and queen stayed in London throughout the blitz.
The monarch as a focus of the nation's energies
George VI became King unexpectedly following the abdication of his brother, King Edward VIII, in 1936.
A conscientious and dedicated man, he worked hard to adapt to the role into which he was suddenly thrown. Reserved by nature, and of deep religious belief, he was helped in his work by his wife. He had married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in 1923.
The Royal Family with Prime Minister Winston Churchill on the balcony of Buckingham Palace on VE Day
King George and Queen Elizabeth remained at Buckingham Palace, which was bombed several times and suffered from direct hits, throughout the War.
They toured many of the areas to show the people of London that
they cared for them.
QUEEN AND ANNIVERSARY MESSAGES
Her Majesty is able to give special and personal recognition of remarkable individuals.
cards are sent to those celebrating their
and every year thereafter, and to those celebrating their
diamond wedding (60th)
65th, 70th wedding anniversaries
and every year thereafter.
HOW TO CONTACT THE QUEEN
You can write to Her Majesty at the following address:
Her Majesty The Queen
London SW1A 1AA
If you wish to write a formal letter, you can open with 'Madam' and close the letter
with the form 'I have the honour to be, Madam, Your Majesty's humble and obedient servant'.
This traditional approach is by no means obligatory. You should feel free to write in whatever style you feel comfortable.
If you aren't ready to wait for .....
Queen Elizabeth and
her Prime Ministers:
David Cameron (current PM)
Gordon Brown (2007-2010)
Tony Blair (1997-2007)
John Major (1990-1997)
A mosaic picture of
in Towner Gallery in Eastbourne. The picture was produced by Helen Marshall for
the diamond jubilee
using more than
sent by the BBC viewers
Queen Victoria vs Queen Elizabeth II
REPUBLICAN OR PRESIDENTIAL SYSTEMS
+ Positive attitude
- ... and negative attitude
Republican or presidential systems seem to be less expensive, but apolitical image of the British monarch has become a valuable asset for the Head of the State adding to the idea of state stability beyond the change of political parties.
- The King loves treason but hates the traitor;
- Everyone likes flattery. And when you come to Royalty you should lay it on with a trowel.
+ The King can do no wrong;
+King - the Faith defender;
+To live like a king;
+King has long arms, many ears and many eyes.
- The distinctive heraldic shield of the Windsors is an important attribute of the Royal Family being so majestic and noble.
- The Members of the Royal family are the most popular news makers: all family events are widely reported in the press.
Elizabeth II has her own style and hobbies which fill the hearts of the British with respect for the Queen:
Her Majesty has a specific super elegant style in wearing clothes
Also, she is a perfect rider
The Queen's hats have become a wonderful substitute for the Crown in everyday life (everyone knows that the Queen has the Crown, but it does not fit to daily routine and Elizabeth II found the way how to replace the Crown).
Certainly her image gains points!
Attributes of the Monarchy Image
The last research (conducted in 2014) has proved that the British society supports the Queen and the Monarchy in general.
comparison of the last and the previous researches let to figure out the strengthening opinion that the British Monarchy unites the UK society. But the supporters of the Labor Party hold the opposite point of view - the Monarchy leads to detachment
The first graph demonstrates how the public opinion influences the image of the UK: the majority is certain in strong supportive effect.
The next poll also shows the positive attitude to the Queen:
69% of the responders believe that her Majesty makes their life better
22% are against the monarchy
But the same poll in Scotland revealed a less Queen oriented result: only 50% feel positive regarding Monarchy
Elizabeth's distinctive features
SIGNIFICANCE OF BRITISH MONARCHY: UNITING THE NATION
Traditions and Ceremonies
Royal ceremonies such as the recent Royal Wedding and the
Queen’s Official Birthday
contribute to the sense of patriotism
famous democratic principle,
"government of the people for the people by the people"?
Few rituals can be as extravagant as a royal wedding, complete with horse-drawn coaches, fanfare of trumpets and diamonds glinting in the sun. But Brits are convinced that such pomp and circumstance is somehow ‘different’ – allowable. Stately rather than self-indulgent. Anyway, there is somewhat fundamentally tasteful about dressing your Queen in riding clothes, making her perch side-saddle on a skittish horse reviewing her troops for hours. In the rain. On her birthday.
The Diamond Jubilee Window in Canada
The Queen hands out Maundy money
BBC News, 12 May 2011
is one of the oldest institutions of government in Europe.
It appeared in the
The British monarchy
is counted since the Union of England and Scotland
BRITISH MONARCHY CONTRADICTS DEMOCRACY?
The Royal Family
Historical look on the British Monarchy
The notion of class and class distinctions forms
the essence British society
. It roots back deep in the history of the United Kingdom.
Brits have more class distinctions than any country in the world with the possible exception of India. This is why the two nations reached a certain understanding during the period of the Raj; in some respects, they have much in common. Even today, questions of British caste, income and voting patterns are oriental in their complexity.
Class distinctions are reflected in self-consciousness of the British people and realized in the form of monarchy.
The Royal Family and tourism
160 million is just the easily measurable money the United Kingdom makes from the Royal Family.
Annoying though they might be to the locals by blocking the tube and refusing to stand on the right
tourists dump buckets of money on the UK to see the sights, which are ‘royal’.
The biggest spenders are the Americans. They fly across the ocean to see the castles which are ‘not plastic’.
And why do the Americans think French castles are so boring and the UK’s castles so awesome?
Because real monarchs still use them.
The tower of London is so stunning to visitors because the Royal Crest on the Yeomen Warders Uniform is real.
British tourism might flourish due to the Queen's major workload of representing the state at home and abroad which raises profile of the nation overseas representing UK in an apolitical role - an intangible effect.
people come to visit castles and
palaces but not to drink tea with the monarch.
The Buckingham palace compared to the Louvre is closed to the public.
Palaces are being used by a real alive
monarch which is a boost
for tourism for Britain
The Royal Family and the media
This potential stability for the society cannot be
reached by another official person be it a political, economical or famous one.
This is the phenomenon which really counts for the Brits; what makes up the quintessence of Brit-life. The Royal Family is beloved of everyone – even the long-term unemployed and Scargillian socialists, who would gladly smash the system, but leave intact every hair and ostrich feather on the Queen’s head. The Royals are Britain.
It is the embodiment of the living, breathing Queen.
Everywhere you look she’s sprinkled
fairy dust on banal
objects to make them magically attractive to tourists.
12 million of whom visit every year spending
7,000 million pounds
Since its founding to the present time the country has existed
Queen Elizabeth II
William the Conqueror
does a country that can be so
other institutions (
so loyal to the
SO, WHAT ARE THE ROLE, IMAGE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE BRITISH CROWN FOR THE NATION?
is more of a
rather than a real ruler.
, and mainly the
, have the major part of the political power.
Following the step of modern society
modifying some old rules
One of the most
the reform of the line succession to the throne
a newly born
keeps her place in the line even she has younger brothers.
the British Monarchy
has modernized with the technological progress.
are attached to
during different crises,
the monarchy had to
make some compromises
to meet the expectations of
the Royal family
has faced many
less than a fifth
of the Queen's subjects in
say they want to get rid of
the Royal family
In trying to explain the unlikely success of the monarchy, we shouldn't expect the answer to be based on reason
"The British monarchy is valued because it is the British monarchy"
does not affect
British royals born before
i.e. the lines of
go before the line of their older sister
Anne, Princess Royal
MIGHT BE CHEAPER FOR THE UK...
So, even if the young have concerns about the cost of the monarchy,
this British institution is still believed
to exist for other
In all her numerous roles,
The Queen is supported by
the members of the Royal Family,
who carry out many of the engagements which Her Majesty
can not undertake in person.
even if the role of
the Head of the Nation
may be achieved elsewhere for less,
Monarchy is attracting tourism,
though it's an arguable issue.
SO, WHAT IS THE IMAGE OT THE BRITISH CROWN?
While the British are ready to reduce expense, they are
to make a big change
Some interesting facts about the British monarchy
herself remains extremely
(unlike her heir-apparent - Prince Charles).
Prince Andrew's divorce
Princess Anne's divorce
Princess Diana's destiny
Indeed it is present on
But the most important one is its
Norman invasion in the medieval period set a strict feudal system of society: top-rank nobles were responsible directly to the King and that led to the gradually extension of Monarch authority
According to the British law the monarch can do nothing that is legally wrong. This means: the King/Queen is above the law.
The first document that set rules of government for the monarch was Magna Carta. It was signed by King John in 1215 but neither he nor his successors entirely followed the first procedure document.
A hymn of the UK starts with “God save the Queen”. However, during the reign of a King in the UK the word "Queen" is replaced by "King".
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II does not have a passport.
The Queen is universally known as Elizabeth the Second even though Scotland and Northern Ireland had never had the "Elizabeth the first" (Elizabeth I of England and Wales, so-called the "virgin Queen", ruled from 1553 to 1603, she was the first of three long-reigning Queens in the British history)
THERE ARE OPPOSITE VIEWS ON THE UK MONARCHY
AS "THE HEAD OF THE STATE"
Royal Ascot is a truly unique event bringing together the very best of fashion, style, sport and entertainment - one of the highlights of the Flat racing calendar, for five spectacular days in June.
As shown above, the English monarchy has a traditional,
uniting and economical significance
in English society.
Furthermore, the fact of having a common queen or king stabilizes the society as a whole.
put it differently, the monarchy
can function as a common ground for
the English people
because the English monarch does neither represent
a specific – or better radical – political aim nor a specific part of society but rather the English – even immigrants – as a whole.
Because the English monarch
is not elected and therefore his or her being the
Head of State
cannot be supported or prevented
by the English people,
are more likely to
identify with their queen or king.
victorian Era - Victorian Era Photo (10709164) - Fanpophttp://www.fanpop.com/clubs/victorian-era/images/10709164/title/victor
http://go.mail.ru/search_images?q=викторианская эпоха англия картинки &fr=web&rch=l&jsa=1&gp=ticno
Statistics - http://www.visitbritain.org/insightsandstatistics/inboundtourismfacts/index.aspx
– the Royal Family celebrates Christmas
Royal Ascot -
Another royal person whose activities do not add to building a strong image of the Windsors is Prince Harry, he often appears in hot news and he is always in trouble;
Prince Charles does not have a strong and charismatic image as the next Majesty person: people think he is too boring and nobody is interested in him;
Nevertheless, British people are really sympathetic to the new generation of the Royal family who do deserve special attention.
The British think
Prince William would be the best successor of Elizabeth II
. Kate Middleton is very popular among the British society: the people like that
a common girl can become the member of the Royal family
. She wears simple but smart clothes, moreover, she wears the same cloth for more than one occasion which enhances the feeling of belonging to the "common people".
Elizabeth II flawlessly performs her ceremonial duties. She always has something nice to say to the people. Brits appreciate how long she has been doing her work absolutely perfectly. She tries to keep the image of the Royal Family spotlessly clean but it does not work from time to time: Diana, an ex-wife of Charles, Prince of Wales made a strong punch to the image of the Monarchy: the people loved her for her kindness, charity activities and charm, but the second side of her private life and her death in a car accident provoked blaming the Family in a bad attitude to her;