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Gil Casiano

on 5 October 2013

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1966: Manpower Development Council (MDC) was created to promote
skills training.
1969: MDC evolved into the National Manpower and Youth Council (NMYC)
with the additional mandate of providing skills and training needs
to the youth, esp. those outside the school system. After which,
the NMYC established Regional and Provincial Training Centers.
1927: Technical and Vocational Education (TVE) was first introduced in the
Philippine educational system through Commonwealth Act No. 3377
with the purpose to fit individuals for gainful employment.
The immediate concern of TESDA
The Technical Vocational Education and Training System in the Philippines
To provide youth with skills and make them employable should they decide to quit school early.
(The training delivery was school-based and center-based)
1932: TVE was extended to post-secondary education through the
Commonwealth Act No. 313.
Historical Development
School-based TVET
1975: The Bureau of Secondary Education absorbed the secondary vocational
course and the Bureau of Higher Education took the post-secondary
courses after the reorganization of the Department of Education
and Culture.
1979: The Presidential Commission to Survey Philippine Education was tasked
to review the state of technical and vocational education. The Commission
recommended the revival of the Bureau of Vocational Education (BVE).
Historical Development
Center-based TVET
To address the prevailing perception of the society's low regard to Technical Vocational Education and Training.
That "low regard" was based in an in-depth study of the EDCOM reports the the poor image of TVET is due to the disparity of esteem between TVET and Higher Education.
Disparity of Esteem:
Technical Vocational Education and Training vs. Higher Education
Society dictates that one should aspire for a professional career and get a white collar job.
NCEE regulates the access to Higher Education instilled the perception the TVET was for those who failed.
National Manpower and Youth Council
Provide instructor training, entrepreneurship development, training in vocations, trades and other fields of employment.
Bureau of Technical and Vocational Education
Provides training of skilled manpower in agriculture, industry, trade, fishery and other vocational programs.
Apprenticeship Program of the Department of Labor and Employment
Provides on-the-job-training of trades and any forms of employment or any occupation.
Congressional Commission on Education decision:
Abolish the National College Entrance Examination.
Allow all individual universities and colleges to enforce their own standards and entrance examinations.
Allow students to choose either TVET or Higher Education.
1963: The Bureau of Vocational Education (BVE) was created through Republic
Act No.3472, an answer to the perceived need for the skilled
manpower in agriculture, industry, trade, fishery and other vocational
1972: Presidential Decree No. 6-A, the Educational Development Decree of 1972,
recognized that skills development is the key to national development.
1982: Education Act of 1982 created the Bureau of Technical and Vocational
1985: Bureau of Technical and Vocational Education started
Present Day TVET System
1994: TESDA was created and absorbed BTVE, NMYC and the
Apprenticeship Program of the Department of Labor and
Employment (DOLE).
Why merge BTVE, NMYC and the Apprenticeship Program of DOLE into TESDA?
The merging was meant to reduce the overlapping in skills development initiated by these various agencies.
And to provide national direction for the country's technical-vocational education and training.
The technical-vocational courses and programs by TESDA
MISSION: TESDA provides direction, policies, programs and standards towards quality technical education skills and development.
VISION: TESDA is the leading partner in the development of the Filipino workforce with world-class competence and positive work values.
Automotive Servicing NCII
Consumer Electronic NC II
Sheilded Metal Arc Weilding NC II
Commercial Cooking NC II
Building Wiring Installation NC II
Dressmaking (Casual) NC II
Tracks handled by TESDA on the 6 Features of the K-12 Program
Senior High School is a two year of specialized upper secondary education.
The Technical-Vocational-Livelihood Track
A student will receive a National Certificate Level II after finishing the Track, provided he/she passes competency-based assessment given by TESDA.
Gil B. Casiano/MaEd
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