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The Zhou Dynasty
Transcript of The Zhou Dynasty
The Zhou were farmers who lived in the western area of the Shang Dynasty. A leader of the Zhou, Tai, wanted to unite all of the Zhou and overthrow the Shang. Over several generations alliances were built against the Shang and the rebellion
The Western Zhou ruled from 11th century BC to 771 BC. During this time, agriculture, economy, religion, education and art all prospered. Excessive drinking was prohibited and the extravagant practices of the Shang were put to an end. The use of metalwork, especially bronze and iron, became increasingly common.
Western Zhou continued
Towards the end of the Western Zhou Dynasty, internal contradictions within the ruling class grew sharper and land and power was seized. In 771BC, King You was killed by the Quan Rong tribe, sounding the fall of the Western Zhou Dynasty.
Xuan Jiu, the son of King You, established the dynasty in 770 BC, and moved the capital to Luoyi. The Eastern Zhou Dynasty is divided into two periods: the Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC - 476 BC) and the Warring States Period (476 BC - 221 BC).
Spring and Autumn
This period was named after the Spring and Autumn Annals written by Confucius. There were over 140 states and royal authority gradually lost its ruling position during this time. Five overlords declared their leadership in succession in this period. The are known as 'the Five Overlords in the Spring and Autumn Period'.
The Warring States period saw the intensification of inter-state wars. Smaller and weaker states were swallowed up by stronger neighbours. Armies went from containing thousands of men to numbering tens of thousands.
The Fall of the Dynasty
The two major powers of the period were the Qin and the Chu. The Chu took over states in the east while the Qin conquered states in the west previously controlled by the Zhou. Between 256 B.C. and 221 B.C, the Qin defeated all it's enemies, formed an empire, and it's leader became the First Emperor of China.
Zhou Wu- established the people's Mandate of Heaven, first emperor of Zhou Dynasty, first peasent to become emperor
Confucius- Philosopher, founder of Confuciansm
Laozi- founder of legalism
With the discovery of many iron deposits throughout China, iron technology also increased significantly. This technology became so well-developed that the Chinese knew how to produce cast iron a full millennium before the same technique was found in Europe.
Iron tools were adopted as well as the use of cattle in plowing. Field grid patterns were implemented which allowed fields to be watered properly. Fertilization became common as well as crop rotation.
Map of ruling land
True or False
1. The Zhou Dynasty spans 800 years
2. The Zhou Dynasty is the first to start collecting books
3. The first sections of the Great Wall were built during this dynasty
4. This dynasty is the longest
The Western Zhou ruled from 11th century BC to 771 BC. During this time, agriculture, economy, religion, education and art all prospered. ruler prohibited people from excessive drinking to
The Zhou Dynasty....proudly serving us for 800 years