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The Civil War
Transcript of The Civil War
The Civil War by Jennifer, Brianna, Maria
Fredrick Douglas was a former slave who was abolitionist. When he gained his freedom he wrote the North Star.
Harriet Tubman used the underground rail road to help free slaves.
William Garrison was an abolitionist who wrote the Liberator
States had the right to declare laws unconstitutional. State's rights were reserved for U.S. States rather than the federal government.
North and South Economies
The North's economy was both an agricultural and an industrial economy. The North had manufactured goods and also had many factory jobs. The North used cheap labor for their factory workers.
Abraham Lincoln was the president during the civil war. He believe that everyone had the same inalienable rights. He was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth.
Hannibal Hamlin was vice president
Robert E. Lee was the general for the Confederate.
Ulysses S. Grant was the general of the Union.
Irvin McDowell (union Army)\
Thomas J. Jackson "Stonewall"
George B. McClellan replaces McDowell
Joseph E Johnston
The Election 1860
President Abraham Lincoln was re-elected in 1864.
The southern states seceded from the Union.
The role of Blacks in the Civil War
Blacks played an important role in the Civil War. About 180,000 Civil War soldiers were black troops. However, while many blacks became part of the Civil War, it wasn't until the Emancipation Proclamation that black men could officially enroll in the military to fight the Civil War.
The South's Economy
The South had an agricultural economy. The South believed in slavery, which provided free labor for plantation work.
The Role of Women in the Civil War
The women that wanted to participate in the Civil War had the ability to do so. Those women became nurses. Having nurses on hand made the healing of their soldiers to become much more efficient.
General Irvin Dowell led the Union against General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson
-Dowell was defeated and retreated
July 21, 1861
The 13th Amendment abolished slavery, except slavery due to punishment or crime.
The 15th Amendment prohibits state and federal governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based off of the citizen's race
This amendment addresses citizenship rights and equal protection laws for former slaves after the war ended
August 30, 1862
Jackson defeats the Confederate Army once again
-defeated John Pope ~shortly after the defeat he was relieved of duty
Bloodiest Battle in U.S. History
-surmounts to a draw; stops Robert E. Lee invasion on Maryland
December 13, 1862
General Ambrose E. Burnside leads Union to horrific defeat
General Lee divided his army and defeated the Union led by "Fighting" Joe Hooker
Robert E. Lee
Robert E. Lee
Robert E. Lee
Robert E. Lee defeated by General Meade
-marks furthest Confederate advance in Northern territory
Robert E. Lee
thousands of men burned to death while fighting in the woods
General Ulysses S. Grant manages to force Robert E. Lee to retreat although he lost more men than Lee
A two minute speech dedicating the Battlefield as a National Cemetery
Freedman's Bureau Act
-aided former slaves & poor whites
~about 4,0000 schools
~74 teacher-training centers
Act of 1866
-Discriminatory laws: Black codes
*restored many of the slavery restrictions
~serving on juries
~testifying against/ marrying whites
~traveling without permits
**Johnson vetoed both acts
Government pardoned all Confederates--except high-ranking officials and those accused of crimes against prisoners of war-- who would swear allegiance to the Union
~gained Arkansas, Louisiana, Tennessee and Virginia
Johnson wanted to guarantee each state admitted secession, took care of war debts, withdrew secession, swear allegiance to Union, paid annual Confederate war debts and ratified the 13th Amendment (abolished slavery)
South repaid war debts and admitted to seceding the Union
Compromise of 1876-77
Grant and Co. accused of corruption
When it seemed like Tilden was going to win the upcoming elections, the Republicans accused Democrats of bribing blacks to prevent them from voting in Florida, Louisiana and South Carolina
~to solve the problem, Congress set up an electoral commission