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Verb + To Infinitive / Verb + Gerund

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on 25 March 2015

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Transcript of Verb + To Infinitive / Verb + Gerund

Verbs followed by
to infinitive
or
gerund

verb +
to infinitive
He
suggested

staying
at the Grand Hotel.
Verbs and verb phrases followed only by
gerund
He
helped

to clean
the kitchen.
He
helped

us

to clean
the kitchen.


I
enjoy

reading
.
I’m
enjoying

reading
.
He
enjoyed

reading
.
They
were enjoying

reading
.
She
has enjoyed

reading
.
You
will enjoy

reading
.
We
have been enjoying

reading
.

Verb can be in any tense
Always followed by the
gerund
They
began

encouraging
her.

I
prefer
to eat
at home.
I
prefer

eating
at home.
I
remember

bringing
my book.
Verbs followed only by
to infinitive

Verbs followed only by
gerund

Verbs followed by either
to infinitive

or

gerund

Verbs followed by
to infinitive
or
gerund
VERB +
GERUND

VERB +
OR
These verbs are followed by
object
+
to infinitive
.
advise, allow, cause, convince, enable, encourage, force, get, hire, invite, order, remind, require, tell
Verbs followed by optional
object
+
to infinitive
ask, choose, expect, need, prepare, promise, threaten, want, wish, would like
appear, agree, decide, expect, hope, learn, manage, need, plan, pleased, pretend, promise, seem, want, would like
these verbs are always followed by the
to infinitive

avoid, be worth, can’t help, consider, enjoy, feel like, dislike, discuss, finish, suggest, recommend, have trouble, keep, mind, miss, spend (time).
begin, can’t stand, continue, hate, like, love, prefer, start
She
plans
to buy
a new flat next year.
They are
learning

to sing
.
She’s
pleased

to have
a new hobby.
She

pretended
to be
busy.
They

managed
to find
new jobs.
I
hope
to pass
the exam.
He
told

me

to be
quiet.
I
advised

them

to see
the doctor.
I
warned

Stan

to make
the payments.
We
hired
the car

to drive
to France.
They
ordered

the pizza

to eat
it.
TO INFINITIVE
We
expected

to finish
on time.
We
expected

Jim
to finish
on time.
She
asked

to leave
early.
She

asked

him

to leave
early.
(There is a change in meaning.)
( Jim is the one supposed to complete the work)
( We are the ones to complete the work)
(no change in meaning)
She
avoided

talking
to her boss.
We
considered

hiring
him.
I don’t
feel like

working
today.
I
dislike

waiting
for buses.
They
began

to encourage
her.
It
started

to rain
.
It
started
raining
.
I
continued

to work
.
I
continued
working
.
She
began

to sing
.
She
began
singing
.
(significant change in meaning)
forget, remember, go on, stop, try, mean
I
stopped

eating
.
(You finished what you were doing to eat.)
I
stopped

to eat
.
(You were eating and then you stopped.)
1
2
2
1
go on
mean
remember
Used with memories of the past.
Remember
to bring

your book.
Used when someone has to remember something that they have to do.
Please
remember

to buy
milk.
He
remembers

buying
milk.
I
forgot
to call
my mother.
I
forgot

calling
my mother.
I
meant

to phone
your mother, but my mobile didn't work.
try
stop
1
2
1
2
forget
(works the same)
He
went on

reading
the text.
He
went on

to read
the text.
(He continued reading the text.)
(He finished what he was doing then read the text.)
You have forgotten your homework again. That
means

phoning
your mother.
I
tried

opening
the window, but the room
was still too hot.
I
tried

eating
salad everyday,
but I didn’t lose any weight.
I
tried

to eat
salad every day, but I couldn’t,
I often ate pizza instead.
I
tried

to open
the window, but I couldn´t,
it was locked.
(I tried to do it but I couldn´t)
(I opened the window but it wasn´t helpful.)
Full transcript