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Transcript of Breast Cancer
unexplained breast pain abnormal nipple discharge changes in breast texture changes in skin on or around breast Causes -exact causes are unknown
-both environmental and genetic factors are involved
-use of oral contraceptives
-previous medical treatments involving chest irradiation (using x-rays to treat medical problems)
-lack of exercise
-prolonged exposure to the hormone estrogen
-menstruation starts before age 12 and continues after age 50
-Certain kinds of benign tumors
Probablility Most common cancer among women. In North America and Western Europe the likelihood of getting breast cancer is higher because of longer life spans and because the are more developed.
About 10% of all women in the US will develop breast cancer at some point in their lives.
Women are 100 times more likely to develop the disease
but men can also get it.
3/4 of all cases are diagnosed after age 50 before, during, or after menopause.
Over one million women are diagnosed each year.
The U.S. National Cancer Institute found that breast cancer patients who smoked had a 25% greater risk of dying from the disease than nonsmokers. The chance of having breast cancer for a woman in her fifties is about 1 in 50.
Treatment surgery radiation chemotherapy A lumpectomy removes only the cancerous mass and a small amount of surrounding tissue.
A simple mastectomy removes the entire breast; and a modified radical mastectomy removes the breast along with adjacent lymph nodes.
Radical mastectomies involving removal of the breast, underlying muscle, and other tissue are rarely performed.
Biological therapy, in which chemical inhibitors are used to block the hormones that stimulate growth of cancer cells.
Partial or complete breast removal is often followed by cosmetic or reconstructive surgery.
Where It’s Found Found in Chromosome 17. Stats dominant X-linked incompletely dominant Future New therapies are being explored that target very specific properties of breast cancer cells.
New studies are being conducted to prevent and treat breast cancer.
National Breast Cancer Awareness month is October and is intended to increase global awareness of breast cancer. Color pink is the major international symbol of breast cancer awareness month.
Estee Lauder Inc. launched global illumination in support of breast cancer awareness month in October. Approximately 1400 cases of breast cancer will be diagnosed in men in 2000 and 400 of those men will die.
If a woman inherits a breast cancer gene, she has a 50 - 80% chance of developing breast cancer.
Breast cancer can return at any time, even many years after diagnosis and treatment.
In the US an average of 112 women die from breast cancer every day - that's approximately one every 15 minutes. By: Alexa Cano and Vanessa Chavez Breast Cancer Awareness Month