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The Chicken Pox

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by

Jazlyn Seidel

on 7 June 2013

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Transcript of The Chicken Pox

The Chicken Pox By: Jazlyn Seidel Cause For Chicken Pox ~It needs a host cell in order to be able to reproduce Pre-Eruptive Stage ~ The first stage usually consists of a cough, fever, shivering, fatigue, and/or body aches. ~ In children it lasts about 24 hours however in adults it can last much longer and is more intense. Eruptive Stage ~ During this stage the patient develops a rash that usually spreads from the torso to the face and then the arms and legs. ~ The rash of blisters will begin to fill with fluid and eventually crust over. ~ You are the most contagious during this stage. Symptoms ~Fever(100.4 and over) ~Loss of appetite ~ Muscle aches, headaches, and stomach aches ~shivering or feeling cold ~Malaise(general feeling of being sick) ~rash of small bumps ~Fluid-filled blisters ~Crusted over blisters What Not To Do ~The blisters can be very itchy and irritating but don't scratch them because they may bleed, become bacterial infections, and it can cause scarring. ~Also if pieces of it get under your nails you can spread the disease to other parts of your body and to other people. How is it spread? ~The Chicken pox is very contagious so it can be spread very easily. ~It can be spread through things like: ~Coughing and sneezing ~Touching(especially the fluid from the blisters) ~And many more... Most Affected ~The chicken pox is especially harmful to: ~ Pregnant women ~Newborns/Infants It can cause births defects ~People with Auto-Immune diseases Vaccination ~ People of all ages should get the chicken pox vaccine starting at the age of 12 months. ~ It is given in two separate doses that are spread apart depending on your age. ~ Pregnant women should not get this vaccine because it can cause complications with birth. ~ Do not go anywhere! You may infect other people! ~ You should even call your doctor before you go into his/her office because they might not want you to infect their other patients. ~ Most symptoms such as muscle aches, fever, fatigue, and headaches can be relieved by taking Tylenol. ~ Do not give children Aspirin when they have the Chicken pox because it can cause Reye Syndrome(sudden liver and brain damage). ~ To soothe the itching you can take oatmeal and baking soda baths. ~ You can also use lotions to try to soothe the itch Medications ~ Antihistamines you can use to relieve the itch are: Benadryl
Atarax
Claritin
Zyrtec
Allegra ~Acyclovir (Zovirax) is the only FDA-approved treatment for chicken pox. Acyclovir ~ Oral Acyclovir is recommended for people with eczema, newborns, smokers, and adults because they are at a greater risk for complications. ~IV Acyclovir is recommended for people with compromised immune systems. ~ It should be taken 5 times a day within 48 hours of the first rash. ~ The antiviral medication Valacyclovir(Valtrex) and medicines used to treat herpes have also been used but are not FDA approved. Antivirals Historical Outbreaks ~ The largest recent outbreak was in Vigo county in Indiana. ~ They reported that they had 84 cases(their normal only being 10 every year) at the end of September in 2012. ~ It was a "breakthrough" form of chicken pox because 97% of the students who got it had already been vaccinated. Shingles ~ Shingles(herpes zoster virus) is caused by the same varicella-zoster virus that causes chicken pox. ~ After recovering from the chicken pox, it is very rare that you will get it again but, the virus can re-emerge years later as shingles. ~ It is not contagious so you can only get it if you have had the chicken pox in the past. ~ There is a vaccine that is recommended for adults that are around 50 years of age(most commonly appears at this time in their lives). ~ Many of the symptoms for shingles are the same as chicken pox so, many of the same medications can be used. ~Fatigue ~Sharing food or utensils Treatments(no cure) ~It is caused by a Varicella-zoster virus which is a member of the herpes virus family. ~Has an incubation period(time that you are infected before symptoms begin) of around 14 to 16 days. ~You can return back to your daily activities after the blisters have fully crusted over which takes about ten days. Can it kill you? ~ It is very unlikely that it kills someone under the age of 20 but, as you age the virus can become more severe. ~ So, the elderly, pregnant women, and people with auto-immune diseases are at risk for death most likely do to Varicella pneumonia. Efforts At Eradication ~Though there is no known cure for the chicken pox, they are attempting to eradicate the virus through vaccination. ~Deaths from the chicken pox have decreased by 88% in all age groups and by 97% people under the age of twenty do to the vaccine. Varicella Pneumonia ~Around 1 in every 400 adults who develop the Chicken pox are hospitalized for Varicella pneumonia ~People with compromised immune systems, elderly, and pregnant women who get Varicella pneumonia are responsible for most of the chicken pox related deaths.
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