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christmas traditions

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by

Megan Boyd

on 25 August 2014

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Transcript of christmas traditions

Origins of Christmas
by: Megan

Santa Claus
The origin begins in the forth
centry with Saint Nicholas, Bishop
of Myra. He was a generous man,
devoted to children.He was known to
perform miracles because of his kindness
and reputation. The devotion to him increased.
He is the patron saint of Russia. He was
identified by his red cape, flowing white beard
and bishop's mitre. Around the 12th century an
official church holiday was created in his honor.
This holiday is called the Feast of St. Nicholas
and is celebrated December 6.
The Dutch call him Sinterklaas. That is where we
get the name Santa Claus.
Jesus
Christians believed that Christ was
born on December 25. December was
chosen because it was close to the winter
solstice in the northern hemisphere.
Christmas Trees
In the 16oo's Germany decorated their
fir trees with apples, roses, gilded candies and
colored paper. A fir tree hung with apples was
used to symbolize the Garden of Eden-the
Paradise tree.
Martin Luther was walking home one night
and saw the beauty of the stars shining through
the branches of the fir trees. This inspired him to
recreate the effect by placing candles on the branches of a small fir tree.
The Christmas tree was brought to England from Germany by Queen Victoria's husband. It was then brought to America by the Pennsylvania Germans.
Christmas Stockings
There is a legend about a
nobleman that was sad after
his wife died. He spent all his
money. He left his three young
daughters with out money. St.
Nicholas heard about this so he
rode his white horse
by the nobleman's house
and threw three small pouches
of gold coins down the chimney.
The gold coins were captured
by the stockings the young women
hung by the fireplace to dry.
Mistletoe
Mistletoe was used by Druid priests 200
years before the birth of Christ.
The plant had no roots yet remained green
during the cold winter months. The ancient
celtics thought mistletoe had magical healing
powers and used it as an antidote for poison,infertility,and to ward off evil spirits. Mistletoe is a symbol of peace. Roman enemies who met under the mistletoe would lay down their weapons and embrace. Kissing under the mistletoe
started as a Scandanavian tradition. Mistletoe is a promise of happiness and good luck in the following
year.
There is a legend that says a young Mexican boy went to visit a Nativity scene. He had no gift so he gathered green branches. He laid the leaves at the manger. A beautiful star-shaped flower appeared on each branch.
Poinsettias
Holly, Ivy and Greenery
Holly is believed to have magical powers. People would place holly over doors to drive evil away. The greenery was brought indoors to freshen the air. A legend is that holly sprang from the footsteps of Christ as he walked the earth. The pointed leaves reminds people of the crown of thorns. The red berries is the blood he shed.
Candy cane
The legend of the candy cane started during the 17th century. Craftsmen created white sticks of candy in the shape of a shepherd's crooks. They were given to children to keep them quiet during ceremonies.
Christmas cards
In England young boys practiced their writing skills by created Christmas greetings for their parents. Sir Henry Cole was too busy to send Christmas greetings to his friends. He hired John Calcott Horsley to create a Christmas greeting. John came up with a 3-panel Christmas card.
Rudolph the Red- Nosed Reindeer
A 34-year old copywriter named Robert L. May wrote the story of Rudolph in 1939. Part of the story is based on the Ugly Duckling and part from his own experiences. Robert was a small, frail youth who was constantly taunted. Rollo and Reginald were considered names for the reindeer.
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