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Education During the Philippine Revolution
Transcript of Education During the Philippine Revolution
Philippine Revolution 19th Century And what do you suggest? The "ilustrados" spearheaded the Propaganda Movement during this time.
The leaders of the movement consistently agitated for curricular reforms What about the literacy? fortunate enough, individuals like Jose Rizal, Juan Luna, and Graciano Lopez-Jaena were able to know about the educational developments in the West. Fortunately... He was one of those Filipinos
who became well-educated and
well-travelled. He aggressively
pushed for reforms through
Through his two novels: Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo, he criticized the friars' method of instruction and brought consciousness to the Filipinos. Jose Rizal To improve the existing curriculum, Rizal considered the following subjects as required courses in secondary schools:
Science (Chemistry, Physics, Hygiene)
History (Universal, Natural, Philippine)
Philosophy (Ethic, Logic, Rhetoric)
Law (Natural, Civil)
Language (Spanish, English, French, German, Chinese, Tagalog)
Physical Education (Gymnastics, Equitation, Fencing, Swimming, Dancing)
Political Economy Much of the blame for the problems in the
educational system during that time were
directed to the friars The reformists accused the friars
as well as the resident colonial
government for what they perceive
to be a deliberate effort to keep
the Filipinos ignorant. To the leaders of the movement, the friars and the
resident government had a hidden agenda:
to prevent communication and understanding
between the Spanish colonial authorities in Spain
and the "indios" or native Filipinos residing in
the islands Lack of funds, qualified teachers, instructional materials, and school houses contributed largely to the poor literacy of the people. Filipino's lack of facility in Spanish
because of the friars' insistence to
teach in the dialect must have prevented
many people, including literate individuals,
to benefit from materials written in
the Spanish language. Thus, majority of the
people were cut off from
the intellectual and
advances in the West
at that time. They pushed vigorously and aggressively for educational reforms in the country, convinced of the right of every Filipino to be well-informed about the developments in Europe. Through these books, Rizal opened the minds of the Filipinos
regarding the following:
1) The friars' disproportionate focus on religion at the expense
of other courses.
2)The friars' inordinate effort to ridicule and discourage the attempt
of Filipino students to speak in Spanish. 3) The friars' utter lack of pedagogical skills.
4) The friars' choice of irrelevant courses in the curriculum
5) The friars' use of outmodeled methods of instruction as well as the means of discipline. Rizal was able to show the restrictiveness and backwardness of education in the Philippines compared to what he had observed in Europe during his visits to the different countries in the continent.