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Transcript of Fauvism
Known Fauvism Artists
Maurice Vlaminck (1876-1958)
"Good painting is like good cooking; it can be tasted, but not explained." - Maurice Vlaminck
The characteristics of his work were brilliant colors, heavy lines and well constructed compositions
At the start of Vlaminck's career, he used a lot of bright green, orange and red but when he got older, he changed into more realism and a cool blue palette
Vlaminck wasn't known for detailed work but instead he focused on using amazing, vibrant colors and strong lines
Began around 1900, continued through 1910.
In Paris 1905 Salon d’Automne they had their first art exhibit.
Their paintings were so different from the traditional art, that it led a critic called Louis Vauxcelles to describe the artists as “Les Fauves”
They had three exhibitions overall in those few years, all lead by Henri Matisse and Andre Derain.
Matisse had originally started out with Pointillism (=painting with tiny dots of contrasting shades) but his instinct was to make the strokes strong and powerful.
Fauvism has often been compared to German expressionism (like the work Scream by Edvard Munch). They both show marvelous colors and spontaneous brushwork, and both share the same sources from the late 19th century.
From the early works it is revealed that impressionism was a big part of where fauvism started from. Fauvism just lacks the "scientific intent" impressionism has.
A style of painting, which was made up of thick, short strokes and the use bright contrasting color.
The artists were called the "fauves", which means wild beast in french.
Fauvism as a style began around 1900 and continued for a few years beyond 1910.
Henri Matisse and André Derain were the a big influence to movement.
Fauvist paintings have two main characteristics: simplified drawing and exaggerated color.
Henri Matisse (1869–1954)
In the beginning, Matisse focused on painting landscapes and still-lifes in a traditional style
His style evolved after the post-impressionist period and he began to use strong colors and painted with bold strokes. He was part of the group who became known as "the Fauves" (wild beasts)
Matisse was also a draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor but was always best known for his paintings
Luxe, calm et volupté
Matisse painted this by applying paint in small dabs and dashes. The use of bright colors such as purple and orange, differentiates it from paintings made during the impressionism period.
Andre Derain (1880–1954)
Was a french painter, sculptor and co-founder of Fauvism.
Fernande Olivier (Picasso's mistress) described Derain as: slim, elegant, with a lively colour and enamelled black hair. With an English chic, somewhat striking. Fancy waistcoats, ties in crude colours, red and green. Always a pipe in his mouth, calm, mocking, cold, an arguer.
After the war he went back to painting in a more traditional way.
"We move towards serenity through the simplification of ideas and form.......Details lessen the purity of lines, they harm the emotional intensity, and we choose to reject them. It is a question of learning - and perhaps relearning the 'handwriting' of lines. The aim of painting is not to reflect history, because this can be found in books. We have a higher conception. Through it, the artist expresses his inner vision." - Henri Matisse
Le Champ (1932)
Restaurant de la Machine a Bougival (1905)
Below: "Charing Cross Bridge, London" (1906)
Left: Portrait of Henri Matisse
Below: (1905) Green Stripes