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Copy of Floral Appreciation
Transcript of Copy of Floral Appreciation
Huckleberry Finn Mark Twain How are Freud's theories relevant to Huck's journey? Are they significant insights into Huck's internal conflicts? The ID Freud's Psychoanalytic Theories - Instinctive Behavior - Primitive Behavior - Pleasure Principle The Ego The Superego - Conscious - Pre-conscious - Unconscious - Reality Principle * Strives for immediate gratification of all desires, wants, and needs * Strives to satisfy the ID's Desires in reality and social ways - The Ego Ideal - The Conscience = Approved by Parental/Authority Figures = Disapproved by Parental/Authority Figures Ego Strength The key to a healthy personality is a balance between all three elements, the ID, the Ego, & the Superego !!! "Yes, He's got a father, But you can't never find him, These days. He used to lay drunk with the hogs in the tanyard, But he hain't been seen in these parts for a year or more." (8) Huck has a father but Pap isn't much of a father figure towards Huck which can cause internal conflicts due to absence of loyalty and affection; The necessitates from a father figure isn't virtual for Huck. Since Pap was absent most of the time, Huck is lonely and independent at a very young age which strives for rebellion. The Ego's reality principle is relevant here due to Pap abandoning Huck at a young age since Pap is the only 'family' that Huck has at the time.
Since Pap abandons Huck, Huck is rebellious and not "sivilize". "Pap, he hadn't been seen for more than a year, and that was comfortable for me; I didn't want to see him no more. He used to always whale me when he was sober and could get his hands on me; though I used to take to the woods most of the time when he was around." (21) Pap abused Huck during the time when he was present which can cause extreme internal, also external conflict because Huck feels uncared for and unloved or Huck might take Pap's abuse as an act of a type of father figure. The Ego's reality principle is relevant here due to confusion of a type of father figure towards Huck. Huck doesn't feel affection towards Pap yet why does Huck still deal with Pap when he is around? Huck stays visible when Pap is in town maybe to see a spect of change in Pap leaning towards a better father. "I was getting sort of used to the widow's ways, too, and they warn't so raspy on me. Living in a house, and sleeping in a bed, pulled on me pretty tight, mostly, but before the cold weather I used to slide out and sleep in the woods, sometimes, and so that was a rest to me." (15) Huck was getting use to the idea of being cared for and shown affection by the Widow. It feels as if he's normal... Yet can Huck really get use to this different way of life that's he being introduced to? The ID's pleasure principle is relevant because Huck is secretly seeking for attention and affection as any child would yet he gives a rebellious attitude. Huck's rebellious attitude can be a sign of a demand/cry for his wants, which is attention/affection. Is Pap's obsessive drinking also a cry for help? Loneliness?
Confusion of the role of a father figure? "You lemme catch you fooling around that school again, you hear? Your mother couldn't read, and she couldn't write, nuther, before she died. None of the family couldn't, before they died. I can't; and here you're a-swelling yourself up like this." (19-20) Pap threatens Huck to no longer attend school. Pap probably felt threaten that Huck was getting an education because their 'family' was illiterate. Pap didn't like the idea that his son, Huck, was going to be literate and receiving an education in which Pap did not have. The Superego's the conscience is relevant here because Pap forbidden Huck to receive an education. This is a sign of jealously of Huck's education. Not going to school reinforces Huck's rebellious attitude. Why is Pap so afraid of seeing his own son, Huck doing the right thing? Afraid of Huck knowing the truth behind his father's act
Huck shouldn't be smarter than his father (selfishness)
Pap was an outcast as a child, so he's protecting Huck "He kept me with him all the time, and I never got a chance to run off. We lived in that old cabin, and he always locked the door and put the key under his head, nights. He had a gun which he had stole, I reckon, and we fished and hunted, and that was what we lived on." (23) Pap kept Huck locked and hidden which can cause internal conflict because Huck isn't treated like he is cared for. This can be Pap's way of protecting his son, yet Huck feels hatred. The Ego is relevant because Pap shows an aggressive type of affection and care towards Huck. Pap's act of protection towards Huck is giving his son the wrong idea of what Pap's implications are. "When he had got out on the shed, he put his head in again, and cussed me fore putting on frills and trying to be better than him; and when I reckoned he was gone, he come back and put his head in again, and told me to mind about that school, because he was going to lay for me and lick me if I didn't drop that." (21) Pap remains abusing Huck in ways that continues the hatred Huck has for his father. Here, Pap's angry with Huck because Pap thinks that Huck's trying to be a better person than Pap. This causes internal conflict with Huck because he feels limited. The ID's pleasure principle is relevant here because Huck seems to be wanting his father's recognition regardless of what it may be from yet Huck is turned down. Pap is a drunk and he's not a father figure in which Huck receives constant disappointment, "This shook me up considerable, because I didn't want to go back to the widow's any more and be so cramped up and sivilized, as they called it." (25) Huck no longer enjoyed the idea of being cared for and shown affection by the Widow which causes internal conflicts because Huck's used to being independent and not shown affection. Also it creates this bitter and anti-social character at such a young age. The Ego's Reality Principle is relevant here because Huck's grown accustom to being alone and when he is given the opportunity to be cared for, he rejects. "Pap always said it warn't no harm to borrow things, if you was meaning to pay them back, sometime; but the widow said it warn't anything but a soft name for stealing, and no decent body would do it." (70) Huck is learning morality from both Pap and the widow which is confusing because both adults have different perspectives. Pap says it's okay to steal because technically it's not stealing and the Widow tells Huck that Pap's 'borrow' method is an excuse to steal. This causes internal conflict for Huck because he doesn't know who to believe, his father whom abuses and isn't really in his life, or the Widow, a woman who he doesn't know and care for. The Superego's the Ego is relevant here because Huck is in a situation of choosing rules and standards for good behavior from both authority figures. However, why would Huck really listen to both, Pap and the Widow since Huck is/has been independent. "I begun to get it through my head that he was most free-and who was to blame for it? Why, why me... Conscience says to me, 'What had poor Miss Watson done to you that you could see her nigger go off right under your eyes and never say one single word?" (91) Huck begun to question his morality about Jim, a slave but also a good friend of his. Huck is contradicted because he feels as if he did the right thing by letting Jim be free, yet was that really right? Huck's right? This causes internal conflict because if it weren't for Jim being free, Huck might not have had anyone there for him as a father figure/friend like Jim. But it Jim weren't free, how would Huck's life be, sivilized? The Superego's the Conscience is relevant here because Huck is stuck in a morality situation of whether letting Jim be free was an act of bad behavior. Yet it's confuses Huck because Jim is happy... Huck's confusion reinforces Huck's life because he wasn't properly taught morality before Jim came into his life. In Huck's life, Huck faces challenges that refer towards Freud's psychoanalytic theories. The three elements, The ID, The Ego, & The Superego are relevant throughout Huck's life but while his father, Pap was present, the three elements were challenged. All the adult figures throughout Huck's life try to maintain an authority figure but in the end, the three psychoanalytic elements is the juice that balances Huck's life. Huck Pap Rebellious
Drinking Lonely -
Disappearance Huck's rebellious attitude and Pap's obsessive drinking
can both be an act/demand for a cry of help. Both characters
are outcasts-lonely which makes them bitter. Huck is given the opportunity to be loved by the Widow, yet he doesn't take it. Pap is also given the opportunity to be loved by his own son yet he and Huck doesn't take that opportunity. Why?