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Investigatory Project

Biology
by

Mae Duran

on 4 October 2012

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Transcript of Investigatory Project

Investigatory Project The Utilization of Saba (Musa compressa) and Corn (Zea mays) Peelings as Components in Handmade Paper Background of the Study Significance of the Study Statement of the Problem Procedure Results Review of Related Literature Conclusion There is a large demand for paper nowadays. And to help supply this demand, a lot of trees are being cut down. Now, many people try to find substitute components for making paper. Finding a substitute component of trees in making paper is what actually fuels this study. The main goal of this research is to produce quality handmade paper using Saba and corn peelings as components of cellulose fiber used in creating paper. This study aims to find a substitute for trees in making paper. One of its objectives is to lessen the cutting of trees caused by manufacturing paper; therefore, it is decided that this study will contain the possible components which could be used in creating paper. The study aspired primarily, to search for other components that can be used to create paper to lessen the cutting of trees. This study addressed the following specific questions:

•Can Saba and corn peelings substitute trees in making paper?

•Is it possible to manufacture paper created with Saba and corn peelings in the future?

•What disadvantages are there in using Saba and corn peelings in making paper?
Every year, about twenty-five million (25,000,000) trees are being cut down. According to Sam Martin, a feature writer in ecology.com, "The fact is, world consumption of paper has grown four hundred percent in the last forty years. Now nearly four billion trees or thirty-five percent (35%) of the total trees cut around the world are used in paper industries on every continent.” The step-by-step procedure for this experiment:

1.Wash the gathered raw materials
2.Cut the gathered raw materials
3.Pulp the gathered materials to separate the cellulose fibers from lignin and other extraneous components.
4.Wash again with water; then, bleach the pulps.
5.Rinse the bleached pulps thoroughly with water.
6.Reduce the size of the pulps by placing it into a blender.
7.Make your mold. Stretch a piece of window screening over the old picture frame and staple in place. Make the screen as taut as possible. Set aside for later.
8.Pour and stir the contents of the blender into the foot basin or dishpan.

The paper made from saba and corn peelings is just like an ordinary paper. Only that, it would suit a scrapbook paper better. It is not as good as the commercial one. But at least, it proved that saba and corn peelings can be used in making paper. It is somehow rough and the color is brown. Here are the results of the survey made to test the paper made from the peelings: This study has proven that saba and corn peelings can be used as a substitute component in making paper. 9. Submerge your mold into the pulp mixture.
10. Level the pulp onto the mold by shaking gently to ensure the pulp is evenly distributed.
11. Remove mold with layer of paper on top.
12. Place a piece of wax paper on top of the newly formed paper and flip mold over onto the wax paper.
13. Lay both the mold (now on top) and the wax paper on the table.
14. Press sponge through the screening to soak up excess water.
15. Wring out excess water from the sponge into the basin.
16. Repeat until the majority of the water is removed.
17. Lift mold up and away from the homemade paper and the wax paper.
18. Make the paper dry.
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