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Summer Health Project

Student Project

on 25 July 2013

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Transcript of Obesity

Preventive Measures
by Stacy Chao, Noella Park, Helen Huh, Germaine Baltazar, Jasmyne Lewis, and Mira Jambusaria
If you are currently obese, there are several corrective measures.
Adulthood Obesity
Junk Food
Studies find that the higher the price of fruits and vegetables, the higher the rate in youth obesity.
People who have higher fast food intake levels double the odds of developing metabolic syndrome
Calories in junk food will prime you for bigger meals the next time you eat
There are healthy alternatives to fast food other than junk food

Approximately 12.5 million
children aged 2-19 years are obese
Consequences of childhood obesity include heart disease, type 2 diabetes and asthma
Several options include weight loss programs, dieting, and doing physical exercises.
Dieting is the practice of eating food in a regulated fashion to decrease or maintain body weight.
There are five different types of diets:
Low-fat: The reduction of the % of fat in one's diet
Low-carbohydrate: High in proteins and fat
Low-calorie: Produces an energy deficit of 500-1,000 calories per day
Very Low calorie: Provides 200-800 calories per day, maintaining protein intake, but limiting fat and carbohydrates
Detox : To eliminate "toxins" from the body by using herbs or juicy low-calorie vegetables
Corrective Measures
Weight loss programs incorporate these diets in their programs.
Atkins uses the Low-carbohydrate diet, which is relatively high in protein and fats
Weight Watchers uses the Low-calorie diet. Their goal is to limit one's calorie intake and to burn more calories than they have
Very low-calorie diets often make the body undergo starvation and loose about 3-5 lbs a week. This diet is not recommended, and if used, one must be monitored closely by a physician
However, results show that individuals who have dieted regain all the weight that was lost after dieting, regardless of whether if they maintained their diet or physical activity
Physical Exercises
There are 3 types of physical exercises:
Flexibility: Improving the range of motion of muscles and joints
Aerobic: Exercising with oxygen
Anaerobic: Exercising without oxygen
Physical exercise is the bodily activity that enhances for maintains physical fitness and overall health
Categories of physical exercise:
Physical exercise is important for maintaining physical fitness, healthy wight, building healthy bone density, muscle strength, reducing surgical risks and strengthening the immune system
Frequent and regular exercise can help prevent high blood pressure, obesity, heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, insomnia, and depression
Lack of Energy Balance
- This causes people to be overweight/obese most often.
- Energy Balance = (Energy IN = Energy OUT)
same amount of energy IN and energy OUT = same weight
more energy IN than energy OUT = weight gain
more energy OUT than energy IN = weight loss
An Inactive Lifestyle
- Many people spend hours watching TV, using the internet, work, and other activities that do not require much physical movement.
- This also includes choosing to drive a car over riding a bicycle to your destination.
- Having a diet full of high calories, large portions, no exercise, fast food, skipping breakfast, taking in a lot of calories at night, and drinking high calorie beverages contribute to weight gain
Lack of Sleep:
- Sleeping for less than 7 hours each night can cause changes in hormones that increase your appetite.
- Not having many area parks, trails, sidewalks, and affordable gyms contributes to people living an inactive lifestyle.
- Work schedules also contribute to inactivity because it is time consuming. Many people say they don't have time to be physically active because of long work hours.
- Oversized food portions are abundant and readily available. This will cause someone to take in more energy than they burn.
Some people don't live near stores that provide fresh vegetables and fruits, or for other people, they might not be able to afford it.
- Genes have a small influence on a person's weight.
- The way the systems in your body work affects your weight gain.
- The environment around you can influence your decisions.
- Hormonal changes can increase your appetite.
- Your background or culture can affect what you eat and how much you eat.
- Low self-control and and a negative mind influences your behavior too.
Causes of Obesity
Addiction to junk food can cause crisis in life later on
Obesity rates have extremely risen in the past few decades. Today, in the U.S., around 60 million people, which is 30% of the adult population, are obese. In 2008, the number of overweight or obese people in the world were around 1.4 billion adults. That is about 35% of the adult population on this planet. 200 million men and 300 million women, from 1.4 billion, were obese. Did you know that 65% of the people on this planet live in countries that have more people die from being overweight or obese than being underweight.
This can make a person eating more than they need, which can cause unhealthy weight gain.

Eating large amounts of junk food with no physical activity can lead to weight gain
Using fruits and vegetables as quick snacks are healthy alternatives to fast food.
EXERCISE REGULARLY: 150 - 250 minutes of moderate-intensity activity per week
(ex: fast walking, swimming)
Focus on low-calorie & nutrient dense foods!
Avoid saturated fat & limit sweets and high-calorie foods!
Choose foods that promote healthy weight!
(ex: increase consumption of fruits and vegetables)
Identify situations that trigger out-of-control eating!
Develop strategies for handling these types of situations!
Stay in control of your eating behaviors!
Keep track of your weight, body mass index, and waist circumference.
People who weigh themselves at least once a week are more successful in keeping off excess pounds.
Efforts: working?
Monitoring helps detect in small weight gains before they become big problems.
You can take preventive measures to prevent unhealthy weight gain &/or obesity.
Choose healthy ingredients for meals.
Limit/ reduce screen time!
(ex: tv, cell phones, computer, etc.)
Focus on portion size!
Be consistent/Stick to a healthy-weight plan!
Keep track of foods you eat.
Increase your chances of long-term success.
2013 results show that Mexico surpassed the U.S. in the obesity rates for the Americas.
Full transcript