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Chemical elements necessary in humans live
Transcript of Chemical elements necessary in humans live
in humans life There are some groups of chemical elements which are necessary for our body to work correctly.
Mineral components account for only 4% but their importance is very high. For instance, they constitute humans tissue building material, regulate metabolic processes and water balance.
They are named macroelements and microelements. Microelements Macroelements Macroelements are elements which daily requirement exceeds 100 [mg].
This group include:
Sodium Macroelements is part of the building material of bones and tooth enamel
plays a role in the conduction of nerve impulses;
is necessary for normal work of muscles and nervous system.
plays an important role in a skin metabolism.
Proper levels of calcium reduces the risk of heart disease, stroke, colon cancer and kidney stones. Calcium eggs,
diary products (yogurt, milk, cottage cheese and firm cheeses),
vegetables with dark green leaves (beet leaves),
sunflower seeds. where we can find it? Calcium is the main component of the secretions and excretions
is part of the digestive juices (gastric juice and saliva),
is involved in the regulation of body water and acid-base balance. Chlorine Salt,
food produced with salt. Where we can find it? Chlorine
is involved in bones and teeth building ,
plays an important role in the transmission of information between the muscles and nerves,
takes part in thermoregulation process
is important for growth of bones. Magnesium dairy products,
carrots. Where we can find it? Magnesium Phosphorus is component of bones, teeth and blood cell membranes.
is involved in building and keeping proper condition of the teeth and bones,
plays a very large role in the anabolic and catabolic proceses,
takes part in the glucose burning. Phosphorus soybean flour,
whole wheat flour. Where we can find it? Potassium is a component of enzymes present in the digestive juices,
ensure the proper functioning of nerves and muscles,
increases the activity of secretory glands. Potassium bananas,
spinach. Where we can find it? Sodium is an essential component of body fluids (digestive juices, blood, lymph),
is involved in keeping water balance in the body and acid-base balance.
influences on the proper functioning of nerves and muscles Sodium Salt,
foods containing salt. Where we can find it? Microelements are elements which daily requirement is not more than 100 [mg].
This group include:
Selenium Microelements Iron Zinc Copper Manganese Molybdenum Iodine Fluorine Chromium Selenium is the most important component of red blood pigment (hemoglobin),
is essential in the formation of red blood cells in the bone marrow,
is necessary for the proper construction of the skin, hair and nails. Iron meat,
shrimp. Where we can find it? is essential for the synthesis of DNA,
is necessary for the proper functioning of the immune system and activation of more than 80 enzymes,
is involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and alcohol
is necessary for the proper construction of hair and nails. Zinc lean meat,
seafood. Where we can find it? is involved in the production of red blood cells in bone formation and collagen,
takes part in normal wound healing,
is necessary for melanin producing Copper veal,
egg yolks. Where we can find it? is involved in the construction of glucose metabolizing enzymes and fatty acids,
is a structural component of bones and skin,
is very important in proper functioning of the central nervous system. Manganese Nuts,
spinach. Where we can find it? participates in produce of a uric acid,
takes part in the metabolism of proteins, fats and purines. Molybdenum Milk,
green parts of plants,
whole wheat flour,
meat and offal. Where we can find it? is part of the thyroid hormones, which are involved in the regulation of basic bodily functions like as temperature control, the nervous system,
prevents the formation of the crop. iodine iodized salt,
onion. Where we can find it? is a component of bones and teeth,
it strengthens enamel, dentin and prevents tooth decay, reduces the solubility of enamel. fluorine sea fish,
mineral water. Where we can find it? regulate cholesterol and fatty acids level,
takes part in the digestion of proteins. Chromium nuts,
broccoli. Where we can find it? is involved in the elimination of free radicals and heavy metals (such as arsenic, cadmium, silver and mercury)
is taking part in the metabolism of thyroid hormones. selenium seafood,
legumes. Where we can find it? Time for exercises – good luck
:) Thank you for your attention.