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Revolutionary War Review

Day Eleven
by

Alison Stanley

on 27 November 2012

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Transcript of Revolutionary War Review

New York
New Jersey
Pennsylvania
Delaware Religious Life and Ideals

Geographic Distance from the “Crown”

Colonists united for French and Indian War

Salutary Neglect

Self-Government

Rapid Population Growth Review Session Revolutionary War 2012 The Colonies Colonists are told to challenge authority, have come together to fight F&I War, have governed themselves, are far from England and are growing rapidly in population. Colonial Climate that Led to Revolution England is an ocean away. Challenge the King. He is not your God. The New England Colonies New Hampshire
Massachusetts
Rhode Island
Connecticut The Middle Colonies The Southern Colonies

Maryland
Virginia
North Carolina
South Carolina
Georgia Philadelphia was the largest city
of the 13 colonies. The Great Awakening The Colonies are Ripe for Revolt Proclamation of 1763

The Sugar Act of 1764

The Quartering Act of 1765

The Stamp Act of 1765

The Townshend Acts (1767)

The Tea Act (1773)

The Intolerable Acts (1774) Proclamation of 1763 Colonists cannot settle past a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains. The Sugar Act of 1764 Lowered the import tax on molasses used to make rum from 6 to 3 pence/gallon.
Strict enforcement of the tax (stop smuggling from West Indies).
Sugar. wine, and fabric also taxed.
Lumber and iron exports heavily regulated.
Smugglers tried in Admiralty Court in Novia Scotia (no jury). The Tea Act of 1773 The Boston Port Act
The Administration of Justice Act
The Quartering Act
The Massachusetts Government Act
The Quebec Act The Intolerable Acts- passed in response to the Boston Tea Party Taxed many goods imported from Britain. Colonists cried, "No taxation with representation." Massachusetts Legislature shut down and four regiments sent to Boston to quell violence. John Adams represented British soldiers at trial. Captain Prescott was tried for giving orders to fire, and acquitted. Salutary Neglect Britain's unofficial policy of not
enforcing (trade) regulations. "If no restrictions were placed on
the colonies, they would flourish."
Robert Walpole
Prime Minister of Britain The Townshend Acts Britain needs to pay for
the French and Indian War.
Taxes colonies and passes laws
that restrict colonists' freedoms. Crispus Attucks dies. Boston
Tea
Party Made tea imported by East India Company cheaper to save failing company. Colonists felt Britain was trying to control their markets. Sons of Liberty throw East India tea in Boston Harbor. First Continental Congress September -October 1774 Petyon Randolph
President Not everyone believes the colonies
should separate
from Britain. March 23, 1775 As for me, give me liberty
or give me death.
Patrick Henry Patrick Henry April 19, 1775 October 1763- March 1774 Lexington and Concord British try to get militia's ammunition stores in Concord
Paul Revere's Ride ("The Regulars are coming!")
"Shot Heard Around the World"
British made it to Concord, but were chased by militia all the way back to Boston. May-June 1775 Second Continental Congress Continental Army created
Washington named Commander-in-Chief over John Hancock
Chosen, in part, because he was from a Southern colony
Known as "His Excellency" April 1775- March 17, 1776 Siege of Boston Henry Knox masterminds a plan to move artillery from Fort Ticonderoga, NY to Dorchester Heights, Massachusetts. The Continental Army
takes back Boston. Declaration of Independence Over 1/4 of the draft by Thomas
Jefferson was changed.


Beliefs (natural law)
Grievances
Petitions
Declaration of Indpendence July 4, 1776 Thomas Paine's Common Sense January 1776 Government in its best state is but a necessary evil and in its worst state an intolerable one. August 1776 Battle of Long Island, New York Huge defeat for American forces and morale
Americans retreat to Northern New York then to New Jersey and ultimately Pennsylvania
General William Howe could have crushed Continental Army but did not December 1776 Battle of Trenton Washington crosses the Delaware River Johann Rall
Hessian Commander Surprise Attack Famous Continental Army Generals
Famous Hessian General
Spies
Famous Revolutionary Era Women October 7-17, 1777 Battle of Saratoga "Divide and Conquer" Albany, New York William Howe takes Philadelphia

St. Leger does not make it in time

John Burgoyne overwhelmed by Americans Turning Point of War

French join as an American ally Winter at Valley Forge Baron von Steuben Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States Trained troops Improved Sanitation The War Moves South September 16 to October 18, 1779 Britain takes Savannah, Georgia May 12, 1780. Britain takes Charleston, South Carolina October 9-17, 1781 Battle of Yorktown September 3, 1783 The Treaty of Paris Names to Know Winter 1777 - Spring 1778 September 23, 1779 Battle of
Flamborough Head I have not yet begun to fight. Bonhomme Richard vs. Serapis What factors contributed to America winning the Revolutionary War? French Alliance
Intelligence
Outstanding generals
Howe's reluctance
Cornwallis/Clinton Feud
Americans fighting on their own land
And other factors you can think of
Full transcript